It stems from Latin and began to be commonly used in the mid-19th century. On the opposite side (of the foot), the little toe is called the minimus.


Although a rare word, purlicue is a term for the space between the forefinger and thumb, originally used in the North of England. It’s thought to derive from the Scots term pirlie, meaning ‘curly’ or ‘twisted’, and is also used as a synonym for curlicue: a term in calligraphy to describe curls in a person’s writing.


A fraenum is a small ligament that restricts movement between body parts. The most obvious example is the fraenum which attaches the tongue to the bottom of the mouth, or the lip to the gum. It comes from the Latin fraenum which meant ‘bridle’ – that same idea of restrained movement. . It is also spelled frenum, and the more common term is frenulum.


The uvula is the fleshy extension that hangs at the back of the mouth above the opening of the throat. This is a body part that we share with some other primates; for instance, baboons have small, underdeveloped uvulae. The uvula helps to close the nasopharynx during swallowing, so that no food can enter the nasal passage. It also causes the initiation of the gag reflex if stimulated, and is also used to articulate a range of sounds in speech, such as the guttural R used in French.


This term refers to the vertical groove between the bottom of the nose and the upper lip. Interestingly, it comes from the Latin word philtrum which initially meant ‘love-potion’ or ‘love-charm’ and only started being used in English for the body part in the 17th century.
这一术语指的是鼻子底部和上唇间竖直的凹陷部分。有趣的是,这个词来源于拉丁语philtrum ,最初意为“爱情迷药”或“爱情魔咒”,直到17世纪才开始用于英语表示身体部位。


This is the hollow that is formed when the two hands are placed together to create a bowl shape. It originates from the Old Norse gaupn.


The technical medical term for what some might refer to in everyday conversation as ‘man boobs’ or ‘moobs’ – or, rather, the condition that causes the swelling of a man’s breast tissue, usually caused by hormone therapy or imbalance.


Stemming from Latin, and from the Greek word kanthos, this word refers to the point in the inner or outer corner of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet. It was first used in the mid-17th century.
源自拉丁语和希腊语 kanthos一词,用以指内外眼角上下眼睑交汇处。最初用于17世纪中叶。


This is the lowest point of the jawbone, so the most outward pointing part of the chin. It comes from the Greek word for ‘jaw’ with the –ion suffix added to it, and only came into usage in the late 19th century.


The glabella is the smooth part of the forehead, between and directly above the eyebrows. The term comes from the Latin glaber, meaning ‘without hair, smooth, bald’. It is used medically to test for dehydration, as the skin becomes wrinkled and shrivelled when dehydrated.
额头眉间稍高处平整光滑的部分。这个术语来源于拉丁语glaber, 意为“没有毛发、平整、光秃”。医学上用以测试是否脱水,因为脱水时皮肤会收缩、形成褶皱。