一、一般将来时概念以及构成
表示将来某个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,经常与表示将来的时间状语连用。
基本构成 :will+V/shall+V
Be going to +v
We’ll only stay for two weeks. 我们只待两星期。
The meeting won’t last long. 会开不了多久。
We are going to visit Paris this summer.今年夏天我们打算游览巴黎。

句式变换(肯变否,变疑)
1. They’ll go for a walk after supper. (转换为否定句)
They _____ _____ for a walk after supper.
2. Will the flowers come out next week? (作否定回答) _____, _____ _____.
3. I will have an English exam tomorrow. (转换为同义句)
I _____ _____ _____ have an English exam tomorrow.
4. They clean the classroom every day.(用tomorrow代替every day)
They _________ _______ the classroom tomorrow.
5. Will the flowers come out soon? (作肯定回答)
_______, _________ _________.
6. We'll go out for a walk with you. (改为否定句)
We ______ ______ out for a walk with you.
7. Tonghua will have a fine day. (改为一般疑问句)
______ Tonghua ______ a fine day?
8. Li Ming will play with a toy car. (转换为一般疑问句)
_____Li Ming _____ with a toy car?

二、它的标志性时间状语
1.含tomorrow; next短语
2.in+段时间 
3.how soon
4祈使句句型中or/and sb. will do
5。在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时
例题:1. Charlie ________ here next month.
A. isn’t working B. doesn’t working C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work
2. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.
A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be
3. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.
A. will watching B. watches C. is watching D. is going to watch
4. He ________ in three days.
A. coming back B. came back C. will come back D. is going to coming back

三.典例练习
1. We ________ the work this way next time.
A. do B. will do C. going to do D. will doing
2. Tomorrow he ___ a kite in the open air first, and then ____ boating in the park.
A. will fly; will go B. will fly; goes C. is going to fly; will goes D. flies; will go
3. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.
A. will watching B. watches C. is watching D. is going to watch
4. They ________ an English evening next Sunday.
A. are having B. are going to have C. will having D. is going to have
5. ________ you ________ free next Sunday?
A. Will; are B. Will; be C. Do; be D. Are; be
6. He ________ there at ten tomorrow morning.
A. will B. is C. will be D. be
7. —Where is Miss Wang?
—She went to Hainan Island last week and will return ___ six days.
A. ago B. later C. behind D. in

如何比较be going to 与will的使用:
① be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情
will 表示的将来时间则较远一些。
e.g: He is going to write a letter tonight.
He will write a book one day.
②be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情,
will表客观上将来势必发生的事情。
e.gHe is seriously ill. He is going to die.
He will be twenty years old.
③be going to 含有“计划准备”的意思
而 will 则没有这个意思
e.gShe is going to lend us her book.
He will be here in half an hour.
④在有条件从句的主句中不用 be going to, 而用will,
e.g: If any beasts come at you, I'll stay with you and help you.
5,表示有迹象要发生某事,用be going to
Look at these clouds, it _______________
A. will be raining B. is going to rain C. rains D. is to rain

一般将来时的其他表示方法
用现在进行时表示。
表示位置转移的动词(如:go, come, leave, start, come, go, arrive, reach等),可用现在进行时态表示按计划安排即将发生的动作。如:
a. Uncle Wang is coming. 王叔叔就要来了。
b. They’re leaving for Beijing. 他们即将前往北京。
c. I'm leaving for Beijing. 我要去北京。

典例练习
1. I'.-------- for Beijing. 我要去北京。(leave)
2. The train ________ at 11.
A. going to arrive B. will be arrive C. is going to D. is arriving
3.My mother __________ (come) to see me next Sunday. (is coming)

(4)用一般现在时表示。
①某些词,如come, go, leave, arrive, start, get, stay, live, fly等的一般现在时也可表示根据规定或时间表预计要发生的动作.
a. The new term starts (begins) on August 29th. 新学期八月二十九日开学。
b. He gets off at the next stop.他下一站下车
c. The train leaves at 12:00. 火车12点开出。
②当主句为将来时态或表示将来意义时,时间和条件的状语从句必须用一般现在时表将来。常见的主将从现连接词if,as soon as, unless ,before,until,如:
If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go out for a picnic.
I’ll go with you as soon as I finish my work.
b. Turn off the lights before you leave. 走前关灯。
c. I’ll write to her when I have time. 我有空会给她写信。

注意:表示真实条件、客观真理、自然现象、定理定义 、民间谚语等句型是 If + 句子 一般现在时 + 主句  一般现在时.
e.g If you study hard, you are sure to succeed.
If a glass falls on the floor, it usually breaks

典例练习
1. If they come, we ________ a meeting.
A. have B. will have C. had D. would have
2. He ________ to us as soon as he gets there.
A. writes B. has written C. will write D. wrote
3. If it ________ tomorrow, we’ll go roller-skating.
A. isn’t rain B. won’t rain C. doesn’t rain D. doesn’t fine
4.– When ________ again?
   --When he ____________, I’ll let you know.
  A. he comes ;comes  B. will he come;will come 
C. he comes ;will he come  D. will he come;comes
5. Don’t get off the bus until it_______.
  A. will stop  B. stops  C. shall stop  D. is stopped
6. Let’s have dinner before the sun ____________.
  A. go down  B. goes down  C. will go down  D. went down
7. We ________ begin our lessons if you _________ ready.
  A. will ; will be B. shall ; Will get C. will ; get D. /; are
8. If you don’t mind, I __________ off the TV set.
A. will turn B. am turning C. would turn D. had turned

◇there be句型中一般将来时的用法
There will be…
There is/are going to be…
There is going to be a basketball match this afternoon. 今天下午将有一场篮球。
There will be a party in his house. 他家有要举行一个聚会。

典例练习
1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.
A. will be going to B. will going to be C. is going to be D. will go to be
2 There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.
A. was B. is going to have C. will have D. is going to be
3. ________ a concert next Saturday?
A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are

配套练习题
1. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.
A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be
2. --- Don’t forget to ask him to write to me.
--- I won’t. As soon as he _______, I’ll ask him to write to you.
A. will come B. came C. comes D. is coming
3. Frank _______ to see his grandma if he _______ free tomorrow.
A. will come; will be B. comes; is C. will come; is D. comes; will be
4. There _______ robots in 100 years, I think.
A. will have B. is going to have C. be D. are going to be
5. There _______ a talk on science in our school next Monday.
A. will give B. will be C. is going to give D. Is
6. — Will people live to be 300 years old? —_________.
A. No, they aren't B. No, they won’t C. No, they don't D. No, they can't
7. I will see you again _________.
A. a day B. every day C. one day D. everyday
8. --I don’t know if it ______ tomorrow.
--The students will not go to the Summer Palace if it ______ tomorrow.
A. rains; will rain B. rains; rains; C. will rain; will rain D. will rain; rains
填写正确的形式
1. They ____________ (not have) any classes next week.
2. Betty _____________ (write) to her parents tomorrow.
3. Look at those clouds. It ___________(rain).
4. He ____________ (read) an English book now.
5. Look! Many girls ______________(dance) over there.
6. If it ____ (be) fine tomorrow, I'll go with you.
7. If you put ice in a warm place, it______ (turn) into water.
8. If you cook a banana, it_________ (become) very soft.
III.能力提升练习.
( )2. --- Can I go to Beijing for my holiday, Dad?
--- You can when you _______ a bit older.
A. will get B. get C. are getting D. got
( )3. If he _______harder, he will catch up with us soon.
A. study B. studies C. will study D. Studied
( )4. --- Don’t forget to ask him to write to me.
--- I won’t. As soon as he _______, I’ll ask him to write to you.
A. will come B. came C. comes D. is coming ( )
5. --- Jimmy is leaving for a holiday.
--- Really? Where _______ he _______?
A. has; gone B. will; go C. did; go D. would; go
( )6. Frank _______ to see his grandma if he _______ free tomorrow.
A. will come; will be B. comes; is C. will come; is D. comes; will be
( )7. There _______ a talk on science in our school next Monday.
A. will give B. will be C. is going to give D. is
( )8. --- Shall we go shopping now? --- Sorry, I can’t. I _______ my shirts.
A. wash B. washes C. washed D. am washing
( )9. I believe that those mountains _______ with trees in a few years’ time.
A. are covered B. will be covered C. are covering D. will cover
( )10. It is said that about 400 cars _______ in the factory next month.
A. were produced B. will produce C. are produced D. will be produced
( )11. --- Are you free this afternoon? –
-- No. I’ll have an English composition _______ this afternoon.
A. to write B. wrote C. to be writing D. to be written
( )12. --- Come back home every month. --- I _______.
A. will B. must C. should D. can
( )13. A robot _______ think of itself; it _______ be told what to do.
A. can’t; must B. couldn’t; can C. may not; will D. mustn’t, may