Every year in the first week of my English class, some students inform me that writing is too hard. They never write, unless assignments __1__ it. They find the writing process __2__ and difficult.

How awful to be able to speak in a language but not to write in it- __3__ English, with its rich vocabulary. Being able to speak but not write is like living in an __4__ mansion (豪宅) and never leaving one small room. When I meet students who think they can't write, I know as a teacher my __5__ is to show them the rest of the rooms. My task is to build fluency while providing the opportunity inherent in any writing activity to __6__ the moral and emotional development of my students. One great way to do this is by having students write in a journal in class every day.

Writing ability is like strength training. Writing needs to be done __7__, just like exercise; just as muscles grow stronger with exercise, writing skills improve quickly with writing practice. I often see a rise in student confidence and __8__ after only a few weeks of journal writing.

Expressing oneself in writing is one of the most important skills I teach to strengthen the whole student. When my students practice journal writing, they are practicing for their future academic, political, and __9__ lives. They build skills so that some day they might write a great novel, a piece of sorely needed legislation, or the perfect love letter. Every day that they write in their journals puts them a step __10__ to fluency, eloquence (雄辩), and command of language.

[A] closer
[B] daily
[C] emotional
[D] enhance
[E] enormous
[F] especially
[G] hinder
[H] mission
[I] painful
[J] performance
[K] profession
[L] remarkably
[M] require
[N] sensitive
[O] urge


1. 【答案】 M
【精析】 动词辨析题。空格位于从句的主语 assignments和宾语it之间,因此需要一个及物动词作谓语。选项中的另三个动词 D)enhance"推动";G)hinder"阻碍"和O)urge"敦促",均不符合句意。

2. 【答案】 I
【精析】 形容词辨析题。空格处为连词and连接的两个并列成分之一。根据and之后的difficult可以判断,此处需要一个与difficult同义或近义的 形容词。选项中其他形容词A)closer"更近的";B)daily "每天的";C)emotional "感情的";E)enormous"巨大的";N)sensitive"敏感的",均不符合句意, 故排除。

3. 【答案】 F
【精析】 副词辨析题。空格处缺少副词。前半部分提到language,空格之后的English为语言的一种,因而此处的意思是:英语尤其如此。选项中另一个副词L)remarkably"不同寻常地",不符合句意,故排除。

4. 【答案】 E
【精析】 形容词辨析题。空格位于不定冠词an与名词mansion之间,显然需要一个形容词,而且需要以元音字母开头。选项中不是元音开头的形容词可以全部排除,而另外一个以元音开头的形容词C)emotional"感情的",不符合句意,故排除。

5. 【答案】 H
【精析】 名词辨析题。空格位于形容词性物主代词my和系动词is之间,需要一个名词作宾语从句的主语。而且根据句意,此处的名词意思应为"工作"或者"任务"。选 项中另外两个名词 J)performance"表现"和K)profession"职业",都可以与    my搭配,但不符合句意,故排除。

6. 【答案】 D
【精析】 动词辨析题。空格前出现动词不定式符号to,此处需要一个动词原形,而且要与后面的development搭配。G)hinder可与development搭配,但与句意相反,需要排除;O)urge不能与development搭配,所以排除。

7. 【答案】 B
【精析】 副词辨析题。本句句子结构完整,所以此处缺少修饰成分。根据上下文推断,需要表示"每天"的副词做状语, 因此可以直接选定答案。

8. 【答案】 J
【精析】 名词辨析题。空格位于连词and之后,根据and前面的成分判断,此处需要一个名词J)performane"表现"。选项中另外两个名词 H)mission"任务"和K)profession"职业",均不符合句意,所以排除。

9. 【答案】 C
【精析】 形容词辨析题。空格缺少形容词与academic, political 作并列成分,共同修饰后面的名词lives。根据下文一一对应的举例,此处的形容词应与love letter 对应,可直接选定答案。

10. 【答案】 A
【精析】 形容词辨析题。空格处缺少与step搭配的形容词作后置定语,而且要与介词to搭配。根据句意,这里表示"向……更近一步"。选项中其他形容词均不能与介词to搭配,所以全部排除。