Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Her realism, biting irony and social commentary have gained her historical importance among scholars and critics.
Austen lived her entire life as part of a close-knit family located on the lower fringes of the English landed gentry. She was educated primarily by her father and older brothers as well as through her own reading. The steadfast support of her family was critical to her development as a professional writer. Her artistic apprenticeship lasted from her teenage years into her thirties.
During this period, she experimented with various literary forms, including the epistolary novel which she then abandoned, and wrote and extensively revised three major novels and began a fourth. From 1811 until 1816, with the release of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two additional novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published posthumously in 1818, and began a third, which was eventually titled Sanditon, but died before completing it.
Austen's works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century realism. Her plots, though fundamentally comic, highlight the dependence of women on marriage to secure social standing and economic security.
1.《理智与情感》又名《理性与感性》(Sense and Sensibility, 1811)
2.《傲慢与偏见》(Pride and Prejudice, 1813)
3.《曼斯菲尔德庄园》(Mansfield Park, 1814)
5.《诺桑觉寺》(Northanger Abbey, 1818, 死后出版)
6《劝导》(Persuasion, 1818, 死后出版)
成为简·奥斯汀 Becoming Jane 2007
When twenty-year-old Jane Austen meets Tom Lefroy, a young man her own age, she's intrigued;he clearly sees she has talent, and is eager for her to learn more of the larger world. As Tom begins to court Jane, she finds herself increasingly attracted to this poor but keenly intelligent man, though she soon realizes her own ideas about love and marriage are sometimes at odds with the conventions of the society in which she lives。