Hello and welcome to Xiaoming Yingyu. Welcome to class for today! So our slang for today is "change gears" or “shift gears"
If you like riding a bike, or driving a car, you might know what gears are.Gears are what you change when you want to change speeds.
For example, when I ride a bike, and I’m riding on some flat ground.I usually keep the gear pretty high because I can push a lot, and go really fast.
But, if I’m going up a slope then I have to shift gears into a lower number so that I can go up.And it’s slower, but it’s a lot easier.
So the basic meaning of changing gears is changing speed. But it can also mean to change direction quickly.
For example, if you’re having a conversation with someone, or if you’re writing a passage.
For example, I was talking to someone about what I was learning in class, and I wanted to talk about news.
So what I said was, "blah blah blah…and that was my last class for the day. Now, let us shift gears
Did you hear about the escaped llama in Guatemala?"
So it’s kind of related to cars and bikes,but instead of changing speed, it’s all about changing direction.
Now, let’s change gears and talk about sentence structure.
Here’s our example for today. Computers are a tool from which you get a lot of information.
"A is a B from which you get C"
We have one more example. Oranges are a fruit are a fruit from which you get lots of Vitamin C.
Why don’t you try making a sentence? You can post it in the comments.
And today, we’re trying something new. I’m going to tell you about where a word came from.
There is a word for this: etymology.
Because English is a mixture of a lot of languages, learning the etymology, or history and origin behind a word will unlock the meanings for a lot of new words.
A good word to start with is the one I just taught you.
" is a root, from which another word can be created.
In Greek, "etymon" meant the pure meaning of a word.
And so you can hear "etymon" is the first part of "Etymology".
The "pure meaning of a word" is the root behind the word "talking about the history of words".
A little confusing, right? I have a few more for you.
If you want to talk about an etymon, you can call it the "etymic" form of a word.
So "etymon" is the noun, "etymic" is the adjective. You can tell because of the "ic" at the very end.
If you see a word that ends in "ic" it should make you think, right away, "aha!" that’s an adjective.
And a person who likes to study etymology is an etymologist.
And soon, we will all be etymologists!
They like to do a certain thing in their free time, you can guess what that’s called?
Yes! They like to etymologize.That is the verb form. And they like to talk about all sorts of etymological things.
" remember, is the noun. If you add "ical" it also turns it into an adjective.
Thank you for joining us at XiaoMing Yingyu.I hope you learned something new in class today, and that you will join us again tomorrow.If you have any questions or comments, follow me on my Weibo, and we can talk!