Integrated Speaking Task
Question 6 Lecture
Narrator: You will now listen to part of a lecture. You will then be asked a question about it. After you hear the question, you will have 20 seconds to prepare your response and 60 seconds to speak.
Narrator: Now listen to part of a talk from a lecture.
Using points and examples from the talk, explain the two ways in which animals use plants to be their own doctors.
Preparation Time: 20 Seconds
Response Time: 60 Seconds
Surprising as it may sound, people are not the only species that has doctors! A number of animals use plants to, in effect, be their own doctors. Let’s look at a few examples of this now.
As you might expect, monkeys are among the animal kingdom’s doctors. The white-faced capuchin monkey rubs itself with leaves from the piper plant. This not only repels lice and mosquitoes, but also protects the monkey against various kinds of bacteria and fungus infections!
Likewise, the chimpanzees eat a lot of leaves which are high in cyanide, a deadly poison. Over time, the poison can build up in the body and make the monkey ill, or even die. But the monkeys counteract the effect of this by eating charcoal, and herbal plants. Thus the species can get the illness out of their bodies and comfort themselves. Also, by eating the leaves, they can eat a wider variety of food than they otherwise could.
2 ways →ani use plants →protect ×ill
1) mky →×insect, bact~ ←use piper plant →cover body
2) chmpz (chimpanzee) →×poison from body ←eat leaves
+ eat dif fd
l 2 ways →ani use plants →protect ×ill
The lecture is about two ways in which animals use plants to protect themselves from getting an illness.
l mky →×insect, bact~ ←use piper plant →cover body
Monkeys ward off insects, bacteria, and fungal infections by use of the piper plant.
l chmpz (chimpanzee) →×poison from body ←eat leaves
Chimpanzees eat certain leaves to keep poison out of their bodies…
l + eat dif fd
…which also allows them to enjoy a more varied diet.