Part IV                Cloze                ( 15 minutes) 

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B) C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE with a single line through the centre.

In the United States, the first day nursery, was opened in 1854. Nurseries were established in various areas during the 61 half of the 19th century; most
of 62 were charitable. Both in Europe and in the U.S., the daynursery movemen
t received great 63 during the First World War, when 64 of manpower caused the
industrial employment of unprecedented(前所未有) numbers of women. In some European countries nurseries were established 65 in munitions(军火) plants, under direct government sponsorship. 66 the number of nurseries in the U.S. also rose 67 ,
this rise was accomplished without government aid of any kind. During the years
following the First World War, 68 , federal,State, and local governments gradually began to exercise a measure of control 69 the day nurseries, chiefly by 70 them and by. The 71 of the Second World War was quickly followed by an increase in the number of day nurseries in almost all countries, as women were 72 called up on to replace men in the factories. On this 73 the U.S. government immediately came to the support of the nursery schools, 74 $ 6,000,000 in July, 1942,for a nurseryschool program for the children of working mothers. Many States and local communities 75 this Federal aid. By the end of the war, in August, 1945, more than 100,000 children were being cared 76 in daycare centers receiving Federal 77 . Soon afterward, the Federal government 78 cut down its expenditures for this purpose and later 79 them, causing a sharp drop in the number of nursery schools in operation. However, the expectation that most employed mothers would leave their 80 at the end of
the war was only partly fulfilled.

61. A) latter C) other B) late D) first 
62. A) those B) them C) whose D) imitation 
63. A) impetus B) input C) imitation D) initiative
64. A) sources B) abundance C) shortage D) reduction
65. A) hardly B) entirely C) only D) even 
66. A) Because B) As C) Since D) Although 
67. A) unanimously B) sharply C) predominantly D) militantly 
68. A) therefore B) consequently C) however D) moreover
69. A) over B) in C) at D) about 
70. A) formulating B) labeling C) patenting D) licensing
71. A) outset B) outbreak C) breakthrough D) breakdown
72. A) again B) thus C) repeatedly D) yet 
73. A) circumstance B) occasion C) case D) situation
74. A) regulating B) summoning C) allocating D) transferring 
75. A) expanded B) facilitated C) supplemented D) compensated 
76. A) by B) after C) of D) for 
77. A) pensions B) subsidies C) revenues D) budgets
78. A) prevalently B) furiously C) statistically D) drastically 
79. A) abolished B) diminished C) jeopardized D)precluded
80. A) nurseries B) homes C) jobs D) chidren


Part I

Section B Compound Dictation
In this section, you will hear a passage three times 。When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. 

The human body is a remarkable food processor. As an adult, you may consume(S1) a ton of food per year and still not gain or lose a pound of body weight. You are (S2) harnessing, and consuming energy through the intricate (S3)
of your body in order to remain in energy balance. To (S4) a given body weight, your energy input must balance your energy output. However, sometimes the (S5) energy balance is upset, and your(S6) body weight will either fall or (S7) . 
The term body image refers to the mental image we have of our own physical appea
rance, and (S8) . Research has revealed that about 40 percent of adult men and 55 percent of adult women are dissatisfied with their current body weight. (S9). Atthe college level, a study found that 85 percent of both male and female first year students desired to change their body weight. (S10) . Thinness is currently an attribute that females desire highly. Males generally desire muscularity. The vast majority of individuals who want to change their body weight do it for the sake of appearance: most want to lose excess body fat. while a smaller percentage of individuals actually want to gain weight.