万物简史:PART III CH 8爱因斯坦的宇宙（28）
This was truly startling. The universe was expanding, swiftly and evenly in all directions. [---1---] Far from being the stable, fixed, eternal void that everyone had always assumed, this was a universe that had a beginning. It might therefore also have an end.
The wonder, as Stephen Hawking has noted, is that no one had [-2-] the expanding universe before. A static universe, as should have been obvious to Newton and every thinking astronomer since, would [-3-] in upon itself. There was also the problem that if stars had been burning indefinitely in a static universe they'd have made the whole [-4-] hot—certainly much too hot for the likes of us. An expanding universe resolved much of this [-5-].
Hubble was [-6-] and didn't immediately appreciate the full implications of what he had found. Partly this was because he was woefully ignorant of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. [---7---] Moreover, in 1929 Albert Michelson—now in his twilight years but still one of the world's most [-8-] scientists—accepted a position at Mount Wilson to measure the velocity of light with his trusty interferometer, and must surely have at least mentioned to him the applicability of Einstein's theory to his own findings.