题目

1._______ by many successful models available, more and more young Chinese are now considering their own business.
A.Inspiring B.Being inspired C.Having inspired D.Inspried

2.When _______ with a strong enemy, they always retreated.
A.being faced B.facing C.faced D.being facing.

答案】 1.D  2.C

疑问

(1)此题非谓语动词inspired,和young Chinese是被动关系,所以只能从B,D选项中产生,因为此句中非谓语动词是做原因状语从句,所以不用Being+done的形式,不知道理解是否正确? 

(2) be faced with为固定短语(因为单从意思上,面对和被面对很难区分主动和被动语态)选择从固定搭配的思路着手。所以从being faced和faced中选择答案。我理解用When引导的时间状语从句强调了时间上的概念,应该选择being faced比较合适,答案为什么是C?

解析

1. being done 和done的相同之处是都表示被动,不同的是前者强调被动这个动作正在进行,所以到底选用哪个取决于done描述的这个动作是否是正在进行的状态。

2.第二道题的意思是,”遇到强敌时,他们总是退却”,既然是always,说明强调的是一般状态,因此选择的是when faced with。
be faced with这里理解为词组固定搭配(而非被动)更好些。

补充:这句话也可以这么说when facing a strong enemy, they always retreated.)

3. 有时候用被动语态与其说是要表达被动,不如理解为是因为处于词性需要,比如

Seated comfortably in the sofa, he couldn't help falling asleep.

这里的seated就很难理解成被动,不用seating而用seated是因为seat是及物动词或说固定搭配。

比如及物动词situate,“坐落于”的常用搭配是be situated in some place.

Situated at the foot of the mountain, this village enjoys a beautiful environment