1. When the teacher told the boy to sit down, he _____ to her and said she couldn't make him.
A. gave way B. talked back C. looked up D. got down

[答案] B. talk back.

[注释]talk back 顶嘴;
1)Don't talk back to me! (别对我顶嘴!)
2)Mary talked back when her mother told her to stop watching television,she said, “I don't have to if I don't want to.”

give way 让路;look up查阅;get down从......下来;记下。

2. People _____ with anyone who is always talking about how wonderful he is.
A. fall in B. get fed up C. keep company D. catch up

[答案] B. get fed up.

[注释]get (be) fed up with (=having had too much of something; at the end of your patience; disgusted; bored; tired)讨厌;
I have had enough of his complaints,I'm fed up. (=I have heard all of the complaints I can stand.)

fall in with 符合,与......一致。Keep company with 与......交往,结伴;catch up with 赶上。

3. Margaret liked all her classes, but she liked sewing class _____.
A. above all B. in general C. after all D. in particular

[答案] D. in particular.

[注释]in particular (=especially, particularly) 特别是:
1) You should avoid eating fat meat, in particular pork. (你应该避免吃脂肪多的肉类,特别是猪肉。)
2)The speaker talked about sports in general and about football in particular.

In generalin particular 的反义结构,从上述例2)中可以看到。

about all最重要的;after all毕竟。

4. Walking down the street, she noticed a long _____ of houses, all exactly alike.
A. queue B. rank C. train D. row

[答案] D. row.

[注释]a row of houses (desks, books etc.) 一排房子(书桌、书等),戏院的“一排座位”即为a row of seats. queue (乘车,购物的)队,队伍。


train指“(行进中的)长列,队列”;a long train of visitors(一长列参观者)。

5. The president has told his friends that he is sick but will not admit it _____.
A. in private B. in secret C. in public D. in detail

[答案] C. in public.

[注释]in public 公开地,当众;in private 私下;in secret秘密地; in detail 详细地。

6. The sailor _____ time to visit his family before the ship went to sea.
A. put in for B. got round to C. ask after D. hold on to

[答案] A. put in for.

[注释]put in for(=make an application or request) 提出申请或请求;
May I put in for five days' leave?( 我可以请5天假吗?)

get round to (doing sth.) 找到时间作某事;

ask after 询问,问候;

hold on to 坚持(接to 加名词)。

7. Throughout most of their lives, humans _____ learn and increase their mental capacity.
A. actually B. readily C. fairly D. primarily

[答案] B. readily

[注释]readily (=with no difficulty)容易地;
They can readily be bought anywhere. (这些 东西在任何地方都能容易地买到。)

actually 实际上;fairly 公平地;相当,划算;primarily主要地,首先;根本上。

8. Through exposure to air, water, and organic matter, rocks _____ changes known as weathering.
A. undergo B. transform C. undertake D. suspend

[答案] A. undergo.

[注释]undergo (=experience esp. suffering or difficulty) 经受:
1)She underwent a thorough examination at the hospital. (她在医院接受了全面的检查。)
2)The travelers underwent many difficulties. (这些旅行者经受了许多困难。)

undertake (=take up a [position]; start on [work]) 从事,负责(某事):
1)He undertook the responsibility for changes. (他负责对各种变化作出安排。)
2)At first we could only undertake repair jobs.(起初我们只能干修理活。)
3)We shall undertake the construction of this bridge. (我们将负责这座桥的修建工作。)

transform 改变;suspend吊,悬挂;推迟,暂定。


9. She tried to _____ out of the window to see the procession more clearly.
A. bend B. lean C. bow D. slope

[答案] B. lean.

[注释]lean vi. 倚,靠;
lean out of the window(倚着窗户探出身去)
lean against a tree(背倚靠着树)
lean back in a chair (坐在椅子上背向后倾)
lean on a desk(靠在桌上),指胸对桌子。

10. The problem had become _____ in his mind, and he could not decide what to do about it.
A. simplified B. exaggerated C. matured D. isolated

[答案] B. exaggerated.

[注释]exaggerate(=say or believe more than the truth about sth.)夸张,夸大:
It was a rabbit, not a lion. You are exaggerating as usual. (这是一只兔子,不是狮子。你经常夸大事实。)

simplify 简化;mature使成熟;isolate使孤立。