万物简史:PART II CH 5敲石头的人们（12）
Between Hutton's day and Lyell's there arose a new geological [-1-], which largely superseded, [-2-], the old Neptunian–Plutonian dispute. The new battle became an argument between catastrophism and uniformitarianism—unattractive terms for an important and very [-3-] dispute. Catastrophists, as you might expect from the name, believed that the Earth was shaped by abrupt cataclysmic events—floods principally, which is why catastrophism and neptunism are often wrongly bundled together. Catastrophism was particularly comforting to clerics like Buckland because it allowed them to [-4-] the biblical flood of Noah into serious scientific discussions. [---5---] Hutton was much more the father of the notion than Lyell, but it was Lyell most people read, and so he became in most people's minds, then and now, the father of modern geological thought.
Lyell believed that the Earth's shifts were uniform and steady—[---6---]. Lyell and his adherents didn't just disdain catastrophism, they detested it. [---7---]—a belief that the naturalist T. H. Huxley mockingly likened to "a succession of rubbers of whist, at the end of which the players upset the table and called for a new pack." It was too convenient a way to explain the unknown. "Never was there a dogma [-8-] foster indolence, and [-9-] ," sniffed Lyell.