Be a woman
The law of the sea is women and children first.
'Real' women stood by their men, and the heroine
of the night was Ida Straus who stayed on board with her husband of fifty years, the owner of Macy's Department store. "Where you go, I go," Mrs. Straus is reported to have said.
Of the 705 people who survived, 140 were women in First Class, 80 were women in Second Class, and 76 were women in Third Class. Of the twenty-three female members of the crew
, twenty survived.
Be a child
a child? Aged 12, children were able to leave school and begin work. Second Officer Lightoller tried to prevent 13-year-old John Ryerson from getting into a lifeboat with his mother. Mr. Ryerson, who would die that night, persuaded
Lightoller that his son was a child and not an adult. "No more boys," the Officer was heard to mutter
as he reluctantly
allowed young John to leave the sinking ship.
Of the 109 children on the Titanic 52 died, all from third class.
Edward Ryan, a third-class Irish passenger, put a towel over his head before stepping into a lifeboat. To prevent him from being detected
, one woman threw a shawl
over a passenger called Daniel Buckley who was hiding in her boat. Several men were falsely accused of having dressed as women in order to save their lives.
来自三等舱的爱尔兰乘客Edward Ryan包了一块毛巾在头上后就跳到了救生船上。另一位男乘客Daniel Buckley为了不让自己被发现，就把同船上的一位女乘客扔给他的围巾披在身上。还有一些人因此被诬告装成女人来逃命。
None. It later became a point of pride to say that you survived the Titanic because you were dressed as a woman.
Stowaways stood a good chance of surviving because they were in the lifeboats already. Ismay shared his lifeboat with four Chinese stowaways who had been hiding beneath the cover.
Man a lifeboat
The lifeboats needed men to do the rowing; if there was not an available member of the crew, a male passenger was required to do their duty. Accusations of cowardice
still applied. Major Peuchen, a Canadian passenger who volunteered himself to man a boat because he was an experienced yachtsman
, was afterwards maligned
. One taunt
that circulated about Peuchen was that, "he said he was a yachtsman so he could get off the Titanic, and if there had been a fire, he would have said he was a fireman."
While all the women in First Class, except those few who chose to stay with their husbands, survived, a blind eye was turned to the morality
of the 56 other men in First Class who had found their way into the lifeboats.
Survival was legitimate
if you had been ordered by an Officer to get into a lifeboat.
It was unclear to the passengers who had the authority
to issue such an order. Ismay was apparently ordering passengers of both sexes into the lifeboats, but as no one knew who he was, they ignored him.
"Be British, my boys, be British," Captain Smith reminded the shipload of international men and women. Recent research has shown that being British - in other words, letting the ladies go first and not pushing in a queue - meant that the British men on board were 7% less likely to survive, while the more assertive
American male was 8.5% more likely.
Go down with the ship
The only legitimate way to survive the Titanic was to have initially gone with the ship.
Thirty men survived the Titanic by straddling