第一部分 LISTENING

第二部分 TEXT 点击带链接的单词可查看详情注释及单词发音

The New Year is a time for resolutions. Mentally, at least, most of us could compile formidable lists of 'dos' and 'don'ts'. The same old favorites recur year in year out with monotonous regularity. We resolve to get up earlier each morning, eat less, find more time to play with the children, do a thousand and one jobs about the house, be nice to people we don't like, drive carefully, and take the dog for a walk every day. Past experience has taught us that certain accomplishments are beyond attainment. If we remain inveterate smokers, it is only because we have so often experienced the frustration that results from failure. Most of us fail in our efforts at self-improvement because our schemes are too ambitious and we never have time to carry them out. We also make the fundamental error of announcing our resolutions to everybody so that we look even more foolish when we slip back into our bad old ways. Aware of these pitfalls, this year I attempted to keep my resolutions to myself. I limited myself to two modest ambitions: to do physical exercise every morning and to read more of an evening. An all-night party on New Year's Eve provided me with a good excuse for not carrying out either of these new resolutions on the first day of the year, but on the second, I applied myself assiduously to the task.

The daily exercises lasted only eleven minutes and I proposed to do them early in the morning before anyone had got up. The self-discipline required to drag myself out of bed eleven minutes earlier than usual was considerable. Nevertheless, I managed to creep down into the living room for two days before anyone found me out. After jumping about on the carpet and twisting the human frame into uncomfortable posi-
tions, I sat down at the breakfast table in an exhausted condition. It was this that betrayed me. The next morning the whole family trooped in to watch the performance. That was really unsettling, but I fended off the taunts and jibes of the family good-humouredly and soon everybody got used to the idea. However, my enthusiasm waned. The time I spent at exercises gradually diminished. Little by little the eleven minutes fell to zero. By January 10th, I was back to where I had started from. I argued that if I spent less time exhausting myself at exercises in the morning, I would keep my mind fresh for reading when I got home form work Resisting the hypnotizing effect of television, I sat in my room for a few evenings with my eyes glued to a book. One night, however, feeling cold and lonely, I went downstairs and sat in front of the television pretending to read. That proved to be my undoing, for I soon got back to my old bad habit of dozing off in front of the screen. I still haven't given up my resolution to do more reading. In fact, I have just bought a book entitled How to Read a Thousand Words a Minute. Perhaps it will solve my problem, but I just haven't had time to read it!

第三部分 LANGUAGE POINTS

1. 推荐背诵:  The New Year is a time for resolutions..

    It is a time for sth/to do sth.  该是......的时候了

The spring Festival is a time for gathering.

    It is (high )  time (that)  该是......的时候了(含有晚了一点的意思,从句用过去时表虚拟)

It is high time you thought about your future.

2.背熟:The same old favorites recur year in year out with monotonous regularity.

  favourite: resolution

  recur: happen / take place

  year in year out: one year after another / year by year

3. 背熟:If we remain inveterate smokers, it is only because we have so often experienced the frustration that results from failure.

result from : 由 ...... 产生的 (含被动意思)

result in: lead to / cause (主动的)

     eg: Failure will result in frustration. 失败会导致挫败心理。

4. 背熟:Most of us fail in our efforts at self-improvement because our schemes are too ambitious and we never have time to carry them out.

carry out: carry off

fail in our efforts :attempt

    Eg: We accumulate clutter in an attempt to avoid waste.

5.背熟:We also make the fundamental error of announcing our resolutions to everybody so that we look even more foolish when we slip back into our bad old ways.

 dozing off: half sleep

 slip back into our bad old ways: return to the normal way

eg:The man slipped back into drinking after he promised not to do so.

    I was back to where I had started from / got back to my old bad habit

6.背熟:Aware of these pitfalls, this year I attempted to keep my resolutions to myself.

  keep my resolutions to myself: keep my resolutions secret

 Aware of the importance, I attempt to carry it out. 由于意识到了此事的重要性,我竭尽全力来把它实现。

7.背熟:but on the second, I applied myself assiduously to the task.

 apply oneself to / apply one's time to / apply one's mind / energy to

 be devoted / dedicated to       

      eg: In 2002, I shall apply myself to learning English.

8.背熟:I sat down at the breakfast table in an exhausted condition.

  in an exhausted condition: exhausted

  It  ..that... 句型

     eg:   It was exhausted condition that betrayed my secret.

9.背熟:That was really unsettling, but I fended off the taunts and jibes of the family good-humouredly and soon everybody got used to the idea.

  unsettle: upset

  fend off: defeat

  wane: diminish step by step

  argue: got a good excuse

10.背熟:Resisting the hypnotizing effect of television, I sat in my room for a few evenings with my eyes glued to a book.

  glue to sth. 固定在......上面,不愿意离开

  fix one's eyes /attention on 注视,注意