1. receive,accept

“receive” 客观上收到
“accept” 主观上愿意接受

I received his gift, but I wouldn't like to accept it.

2. fit, suit“适合”

“fit” 指“尺寸”的适合
“suit” 指“款式,花样等”的适合

The dress doesn't fit me. It is too long.
Blue is the color that suits her well.

3. answer, reply “回答

“answer” — vt.
“reply” — vi 须和 “to”连用

“You needn't know it.” He answered.
So far, they haven't answered / replied to our questions.

4. spend, cost, take “花费”

“spend” (spent, spent) 花“时间,金钱”主语须是人。
He spend 5 hours writing the article.

“cost” (cost, cost) 花费“金钱,时间,劳力”可接双宾,主语须是“物”。
The book cost me $20 and 2 days.

“take” 通常指花“时间”主语须是“某种事情”。
It takes me 20 minuter to go to school.
The work took me longer than I expected.

5. assure,ensure

“assure” 使放心 assure sb. of sth.
assure sb. that...

I can assure you of my honesty.

“ensure” 保证 ensure sth.(其后不能接人称)
ensure that
ensure doing sth.

I can ensure his safety.
He ensured that he finished the job in time.
He ensured coming back later.

百分重点:如ensure 含义为“保护,使安全”,其结构为:
ensure sb from / against sth.
He ensured the boy from drowning.

6. beat, defeat, win — vt.

“beat” (beat, beaten) 战胜,打败比赛,辩论中的对手
He beat John at chess yesterday.

“defeat”“击败”敌军,入侵者,整个球队
They defeated the enemy in that battle.

“win” (won, won)“赢得比赛”win over sb.(赢了某人)
The football team won the match.

7. damage,destroy,hurt,spoil,wound,injure

以上六个词中,“hurt” 可作及物,不及物动词外,其余五个均为及物动词。
“damage” —— 损坏(害)(有修复的可能性)
“destroy” —— 摧毁,打破(希望,计划)毁灭(无修复的可能性)
“hurt” —— 伤害(感情或身体某一部位)痛疼
“spoil” —— 破坏,糟蹋(晚会,旅游,参观等)宠爱,惯怀(孩子)
“wound” —— 使受伤(枪伤,刀伤)
“injure” —— 使受伤

Don't spoil your son too much.
The man has destroyed the girl's life all her hopes.
Some houses were damaged in the earthquake.
I don't mean to hurt you.
He was injured in the accident.
It was dangerous because he was wounded seriously in the war.  

测试精编

1. His newly-published novel is quite a success ________ a good income from the reading public.
A. ensuring him                       B. assuring him
C. assuring him of                     D. assuring him about 

2. My watch ________ five o'clock. 
A. says          B. tells        C. speaks             D. talks

3. “He has been working very hard recently.” “Because the burden of a big family has been ________ on his shoulder.”
A. bear          B. borne         C. born            D. bore

4. The visiting delegates were urged to ________. 
A. talk at liberty                    B. state their open minds
C. make individual expressions        D. speak freely 

(后设答案,大家不要偷看哦~(*^__^*) 嘻嘻……)

KEYS

1.C    2.A   3. B   4.D