课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.…but I forgot to take them with me.……但是我忘了拿走。

forget to do sth.表示“忘了做某事”,them指两本字典。

2.put it on, 戴上它。

这里的 it指 a hat,以避免重复。 put on是“戴上”、“穿上”的意思。如果它的宾语是一个名词,这个名词可放在 put on之后,也可放在put和on之间。如果是代词,就必须放在put和on 之间。如:Put on your coat./Put your coat on. 穿上外衣。

但只能说:Put it on. 把它穿上。

语法 Grammar in use

定语从句

定语从句像形容词一样起修饰作用,但位于所修饰的名词之后。定语从句由关系代词引导,紧跟在它所修饰的成分后面。关系代词 who,whom与 that修饰人,which与 that修饰东西。关系代词指代从句的主语或宾语,同时又充当连接词,把从句和主句连接起来。请看例句:

(1)关系代词作从句的主语(who/which/that):

The dog which/that is carrying the basket is mine. 叼着篮子的那只狗是我的。

He's the porter who/that carried my suitcase. 他就是那个扛着我的衣箱的搬运工。

(2)关系代词作从句的宾语(whom/that/which):

They're the windows which/that the children broke yesterday. 这些就是孩子们昨天打碎的窗户。

She's the lady whom I served yesterday. 她就是我昨天服务过的那位女士。

词汇学习 Word study

1.recognize v.

(1)认出;认识:

I recognize him now. 我现在认出他来了。

Can you recognize this tune? 你能听出这支曲调吗?

(2)承认;确认:

I recognize that he is more capable than I am. 我承认他比我更有能力。

They recognized Richard as his lawful heir. 他们确认理查德为他的合法继承人。

Are British medical qualifications recognized in other European countries? 英国的医生执照在欧洲其他国家能否得到承认?

2.serve v.

(1)服务;接待;侍候:

Are you being served, sir? 先生,有人为您服务吗?

A young waiter served them. 一位年轻的侍者侍候他们进餐。

(2)供应;摆出(食物或饮料等):

What time is breakfast served in this hotel? 这个饭店里什么时候供应早餐?

Serve it to the ladies first. 把它先端给女士们。

(3)为……服务/服役;任职:

The old cook has served the family for 30 years. 这位老厨师已为这家干了30年了。

He began to serve in the Navy in 1960. 他从1960年起开始在海军服役。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 122

A

1 This is the car which the mechanic repaired yesterday.

2 He is the man whom I invited to the party.

3 These are the things which I bought yesterday.

4 He is the man who came here last week.

5 He is the policeman who caught the thieves.

6 She is the nurse who looked after me.

7 She is the woman whom I met at the party.

8 I am the person who wrote to you.

B

1 Who met him? That woman?

Yes, she's the woman who met him.

2 Who sat there? That man?

Yes, he's the man who sat there.

3 Who made it? That woman?

Yes, she's the woman who made it.

4 Who read it? That man?

Yes, he's the man who read it.

5 Who shut it? That man?

Yes, he's the man who shut it.

6 Who took it? That woman?

Yes, she's the woman who took it.

7 Who told me? That man?

Yes, he's the man who told me.

8 Who saw me? That woman?

Yes, she's the woman who saw me.

C

1 Whom did you see? That man?

Yes, he's the man whom I saw.

2 Whom did you telephone? That woman?

Yes, she's the woman whom I telephoned.

3 Whom did you invite? That man?

Yes, he's the man whom I invited.

4 Whom did you take to the cinema? That man?

Yes, he's the man whom I took to the cinema.

5 Whom did you find in the garden? That man?

Yes, he's the man whom I found in the garden.

6 Whom did you drive to London? That woman?

Yes, she's the woman whom I drove to London.

7 Whom did you hear? That woman?

Yes, she's the woman whom I heard.

8 Whom did you remember? That man?

Yes, he's the man whom I remembered.