语法 Grammar in use

不定代词

(1)every(每一),no(无),any(若干)及some(一些)可与one,thing构成复合代词,与where构成复合副词。不定代词可作主语、宾语和表语。

A作主语:

这些代词作主语时都作单数看待,因此使用单数谓语动词。

Everyone is asleep. 大家都睡了。

Everything is untidy. 一切都乱糟糟的。

Nobody has told me about it. 没有人告诉过我有关这件事的情况。

B作宾语:

I've got nothing to wear. 我没有穿的衣服了。

I've heard nothing. 我没听到什么动静。

I saw no one. 我谁也没有看到。

C作表语:

There's nothing on the shelf. 架子上什么也没有。

There's somebody in the garden. 花园里有个人。

That's nothing. 那没什么。

(2)与some与any的用法一样,somebody/someone/something/somewhere一般用于肯定句; anybody/anyone/anything/anywhere用于疑问句与否定句;nothing/nobody/no one/nowhere相当于not anything/anybody/anyone/anywhere:

Someone is asking to see you. 有人要求见你。

There's something under that chair! 那个椅子下有个什么东西!

I don't know anyone here. 这儿我谁也不认识。

Is there anything on this shelf? 这个架子上有什么东西吗?

I went nowhere. (=I didn't go anywhere.) 我哪儿也没去。

I saw no one. (=I didn't see anyone.) 我谁也没看到。

词汇学习 Word study

1.invite v.

(1)邀请:

We're inviting our colleagues to the party. 我们将邀请我们的同事参加这个聚会。

I hate people who invite themselves. 我讨厌不请自来的客人。

(2)请求;要求:

We invite readers' letters for this magazine. 本杂志欢迎读者来信。

The speaker paused, seeming to invite questions from the audience. 演讲者稍停了一下,似乎在期待听众们提出问题。

2.joke

(1)v.开玩笑:

She's only joking with you. 她只是在跟你开玩笑。

(2)v.取笑:

Aren't you joking me? 你不是在取笑我吧?

(3)n.玩笑;笑话:

The whole thing was a complete joke. 整件事完全是个笑话。

Don't get angry----it was only a joke! 别生气——那只是一个玩笑而已

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 116

A

1 I did nothing.

2 I saw no one.

3 I went nowhere.

4 I met nobody.

B

1 No, I didn't hear anything. I heard nothing.

2 No, I didn' t speak to anyone. I spoke to nobody.

3 No,I didn't go anywhere. I went nowhere.

4 No, I didn't buy anything. I bought nothing.

5 No,I didn't write to anybody. I wrote to nobody.

6 No, I didn't meet anyone. I met no one.

C

1 Everyone's looking out of the window.

2 Everyone's hurrying to work.

3 Everyone's eating.

4 Everyone's drinking lemonade.

D

1 No, I haven't got anything to eat. I've got nothing to eat.

He's got something to eat.

2 No, I haven't got anything to do. I've got nothing to do.

They've got something to do.

3 No, I haven't got anything to drink. I've got nothing to drink.

She's got something to drink.

4 No, I haven't got anything to read. I've got nothing to read.

He's got something to read.