课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.Just a little, please. 请稍加一点儿。

a little (=some),一些/一点,用于修饰不可数名词。又如:

a little money/ water/coffee 一点儿钱/水/咖啡

a few (=some, several) 则用于可数名词。

2.One and a half teaspoonfuls, please. 请放一勺儿半。

在英语中,比1大的东西,即使比2小,也需用复数表示。

3.It doesn't matter. 没关系。

这是表示此意的几种常用说法之一。

4.省略

more than you have中 have后省略了 got。下文中的 less than you have和fewer than you have同此。more than表示“比……多”; less than表示“比……少”; fewer than表示“比……少”(用于可数名词)。

I've got the most中 most后省略了 chocolate。形容词的最高级之后的名词在意思清楚的时候可省略。下文中的 the least同此。 the fewest后省略了 mistakes。

5.I've ever seen. 我所见过的。

定语从句,分别修饰 the best,the worst。

语法 Grammar in use

1.不规则形容词的比较级和最高级

不规则形容词的比较级和最高级例举如下:

good----better----best

bad----worse----worst

many/much----more----most

little----less----least

far----farther----farthest

----further----furthest

2.名词的数与修饰词

可数名词的多与少,用many与few来表达;不可数名词的多与少,则用much与little来表达。

词汇学习 Word study

1.smoke v.

(1)抽(纸烟、烟斗等):

He smokes cigars. 他抽雪茄。

Eat more and smoke less! 多吃点,少抽点!

(2)冒烟;冒雾气:

She could see a chimney smoking in the nearby village. 她可以看到附近村子里的烟囱在冒烟。

Is the fireplace smoking? 壁炉在冒烟吗?

(3)熏制(鱼肉等):

Do you know how to smoke hams? 你知道如何熏制火腿吗?

2.instead adv.

(1)作为替代:

I'm tired and can't attend the meeting; you could go instead. 我累了,不能去开会了,你可以代替我去。

She did not want to go to the university. Instead, she decided to become a singer. 她不想上大学,而是决定成为一名歌手。

(2)代替,而不是(of):

She wanted to have milk instead of juice. 她想要牛奶,而不是果汁。

She prefers buying books instead of borrowing them from the library. 她宁可买书而不愿到图书馆去借。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 110

A

1 I haven't got any pens. I haven't got many either.

2 I've got some money. I've got less than you have.

3 I haven't got any money. I haven't got much either.

4 I've got some books. I've got fewer than you have.

B

1 I haven't got much jam. I've got very little.

2 I haven't got many potatoes. I've got very few.

3 I haven't got many oranges. I've got very few.

4 I haven't got many vegetables. I've got very few.

5 I haven't got much meat. I've got very little.

6 I haven't got much money. I've got very little.

C

1 I've got more soap than you have.

2 I've got more fruit than you have.

3 I've got more books than you have.

4 I've got more presents than you have.

5 I've got more eggs than you have.

6 I've got more stationery than you have.

D

1 I've got less jam than you have. I've got the least.

2 I've got fewer potatoes than you have. I've got the fewest.

3 I've got fewer vegetables than you have. I've got the fewest.

4 I've got fewer oranges than you have. I've got the fewest.

5 I've got less meat than you have. I've got the least.

6 I've got less money than you have. I've got the least.