课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．Just a little, please. 请稍加一点儿。
a little (=some)，一些／一点，用于修饰不可数名词。又如：
a little money/ water/coffee 一点儿钱／水／咖啡
a few (=some, several) 则用于可数名词。
2．One and a half teaspoonfuls, please. 请放一勺儿半。
3．It doesn't matter. 没关系。
more than you have中 have后省略了 got。下文中的 less than you have和fewer than you have同此。more than表示“比……多”； less than表示“比……少”； fewer than表示“比……少”（用于可数名词）。
I've got the most中 most后省略了 chocolate。形容词的最高级之后的名词在意思清楚的时候可省略。下文中的 the least同此。 the fewest后省略了 mistakes。
5．I've ever seen. 我所见过的。
定语从句，分别修饰 the best，the worst。
语法 Grammar in use
词汇学习 Word study
He smokes cigars. 他抽雪茄。
Eat more and smoke less! 多吃点，少抽点！
She could see a chimney smoking in the nearby village. 她可以看到附近村子里的烟囱在冒烟。
Is the fireplace smoking? 壁炉在冒烟吗？
Do you know how to smoke hams? 你知道如何熏制火腿吗？
I'm tired and can't attend the meeting; you could go instead. 我累了，不能去开会了，你可以代替我去。
She did not want to go to the university. Instead, she decided to become a singer. 她不想上大学，而是决定成为一名歌手。
She wanted to have milk instead of juice. 她想要牛奶，而不是果汁。
She prefers buying books instead of borrowing them from the library. 她宁可买书而不愿到图书馆去借。
练习答案 Key to written exercises
1 I haven't got any pens. I haven't got many either.
2 I've got some money. I've got less than you have.
3 I haven't got any money. I haven't got much either.
4 I've got some books. I've got fewer than you have.
1 I haven't got much jam. I've got very little.
2 I haven't got many potatoes. I've got very few.
3 I haven't got many oranges. I've got very few.
4 I haven't got many vegetables. I've got very few.
5 I haven't got much meat. I've got very little.
6 I haven't got much money. I've got very little.
1 I've got more soap than you have.
2 I've got more fruit than you have.
3 I've got more books than you have.
4 I've got more presents than you have.
5 I've got more eggs than you have.
6 I've got more stationery than you have.
1 I've got less jam than you have. I've got the least.
2 I've got fewer potatoes than you have. I've got the fewest.
3 I've got fewer vegetables than you have. I've got the fewest.
4 I've got fewer oranges than you have. I've got the fewest.
5 I've got less meat than you have. I've got the least.
6 I've got less money than you have. I've got the least.