托福考试副词及真题解题要点:副词是TOEEL测试中非常活跃的词类。它与形容词一样,是词类变化题型必考的词性。一般说来,有关副词的题目并不很难。绝大部分考的是副词词性的判断。题型主要有下述几项:(1)副词与形容词混淆(详见本忆要点之[词类变化])(2)否定副词Not 的用法、(3)易混淆的副词。
  
副词是TOEEL测试中非常活跃的词类。它与形容词一样,是词类变化题型必考的词性。一般说来,有关副词的题目并不很难。绝大部分考的是副词词性的判断。题型主要有下述几项:(1)副词与形容词混淆(详见本忆要点之[词类变化])(2)否定副词Not 的用法、(3)易混淆的副词。

副词常考题型及解题要点
  
1 副词与形容词的功能区别:形容词修饰名词;副词修饰除名词以外的所有词性及句子成分
[例1] The ordeal of the Cherokee Indians, who were forcible moved from their homeland in the 1830*s, is remembered as the *Tears*. (91.10)

[答案] B 修饰动词moved应用副词forcibly。
  
[例2] Although the United States experienced rapidly growth in the first half of the nineteenth century, it was still predominately concerned with agriculture and forestry. (93.10)
  
[答案] A 修饰名词growth应用形容词rapid,而不用副词rapidly。 此题是TOEEL常考类型题。请注意以- ly后缀构成的副词通常是命题焦点。
  
2. 否定词not与形容词no的区别
  
解题要点: 区分副词not和形容词no的命题是TOEEL常考的题型,主要分布在structure (1-15题)中。当not或no出现在选择答案中,应首先判断它所修饰的中心词的词性以决定选哪一个否定词。
  
全真例分析
  
(1) Since Alaska attained statehood in 1959------- single party has dominated politics there.
  
(A) none
  
(B) no
  
(C) not
  
(D) never (94.1)
  
[答案] B 修饰中心名词party应用形容词no,而非副词not。
  
(2) ------- social crusade aroused Elizabeth Williams enthusiasm more than the expansion of the United States.
  
(A) No
  
(B) Nothing
  
(C) Not
  
(D) None (91.10)
  
[答案] 修饰主语名词crusade 应用形容词no. 而非副词not。

(3) ------- all rainwater falling from a cloud reaches the ground, some of it is lost through evaporation.
  
(A) Nowhere
  
(B) Not
  
(C) No
  
(D) None (91.8)
  
[答案] B 修饰形容词all应用否定副词not。Not all (不是所有的)是固定短语搭配,表示的是部分否定,not all = sosme。