课文详注 Further notes on the text

1. And I'm not going to get any! 不过,我不打算去买!

这里get表示“买”,与buy同义:

I'll get a new bike for you. 我将给你买辆新自行车来。

2.groceries, 食品杂货。

语法 Grammar in use

must与 need

(1)must 表示“必须”、“应当”:

I must go to the grocer's. 我得去趟杂货店。

You mustn't make a noise! 你不该弄出噪音来!

Must I call the doctor? 我必须请大夫吗?

(2)need表示“需要”、“必须”。作助动词时多用于疑问句和否定句,如:

Need I make an appointment? 我需要约一下时间吗?

You need not hurry. 你不必太匆忙。

need也可作实义动词,这时就要有人称、数及时态上的变化,疑问句中也需用助动词 do。如:

We need a lot of things this week. 我们这周需要许多东西。

He needs some money. 他需要一些钱。

Do you need any sugar? 你需要一些糖吗?

What do they need this week? 他们这周需要什么东西?

词汇学习 Word study

1.hope

(1)v. 希望;盼望;期待:

I hope that you'll have a lovely vacation. 我希望你能有一个愉快的假期。

Mark's hoping to study Law at Harvard. 马克盼望着进入哈佛大学学习法律。

I hope that you've got some money. 我希望你有了些钱。

(2)n. 希望,期望;指望:

We are full of hope for the future. 我们对未来充满信心。

(3)n. 期望着的事;被寄予希望的人:

His hope is that his son will get married and settle down soon. 他所希望的是他儿子能早点结婚,安顿下来。

He is a young man of genius, the hope of Russian poetry. 他是一位年轻的天才,是俄罗斯诗歌的希望所在。

2.need

(1)v. 需要:

We need some honey. 我们需要些蜂蜜。

Do you need any help? 你需要帮忙吗?

Does he need to know? 他需要知道吗?

(2)n. 需要(物);必要:

There is no need of worrying. 不必担心。

There's a growing need of new housing in many cities. 许多城市正面临着对新建房屋的不断增长的需求。

We don't have any urgent need for money. 我们并不急需钱。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 80

A

1 I haven't got much butter.

2 You haven't got many envelopes.

3 We haven't got much milk.

4 She hasn't got many biscuits.

5 They haven't got much stationery.

B

1 They need a lot of bread. They haven't got much.

They must go to the baker's to get some bread.

2 She needs a lot of eggs. She hasn't got many.

She must go to the grocer's to get some eggs.

3 They need a lot of magazines. They haven't got many.

They must go to the newsagent's to get some magazines.

4 I need a lot of beef. I haven't got much.

I must go to the butcher's to get some beef.

5 She needs a lot of butter. She hasn't got much.

She must go to the grocer's to get some butter.

6 They need a lot of bananas. They haven't got many.

They must go to the greengrocer's to get some bananas.

7 He needs a lot of medicine. He hasn't got much.

He must go to the chemist's to get some medicine.