课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.I want to see the dentist, please. 我想见牙科医生。

I want to see sb., please 这一句式是表示想见某人时常用的句式之一。

2.have an appointment(with sb.),(与某人)有约会。

I have an appointment with my dentist at 3 p.m. 我已约定下午3点去看牙医。

3.Is it urgent? 急吗?

这里的it指“要见牙医”这件事。

4.Can you come at 10 a. m. on Monday, April 24th? 您在 4 月24日星期一上午10点钟来可以吗?

Can you come at…? 这一句式通常用来约定见面时间。注意英语中的时间次序一般是由小到大,与汉语正好相反。又如:on July 2nd, 1988(在1988年7月2日), at seven on June 3rd, 1989 (在 1989年 6月 3日 7点)。 a. m. (=ante meridiem) 上午,有时写成A. M. 或AM;下午则是p. m. (=post meridiem),有时写成 P. M. 或 PM。

5.I must see…我必须见……

比 I want to see…
语气上要更强些,表达说话人某种强烈的愿望或需求。

6.at the moment, 正在说话的这会儿,此时。

7.Can't you wait till this afternoon? 您就不能等到今天下午了吗?

这是情态助动词的否定疑问句形式,表示请求。

语法 Grammar in use

否定疑问句

否定疑问句可以表示说话者惊异的情绪、责难的口吻或赞叹;也可表示说话者的某种建议、邀请、请求或看法等。请看下列疑问句的简略否定式:

(be:) Aren't you a student? 难道你不是学生吗?

Isn't it hot here? 这里难道不热吗?

(can:) Can't you wait a moment? 你不能等一会儿吗?

(have:) Haven't I asked you? 难道我没问过你吗?

(do:) Don't you want to stay with us? 你难道不愿意与我们呆在一起吗?

(did:) Didn't you see him yesterday? 难道你昨天没看见他吗?

回答这种问题时用简略回答。如果答语是肯定的,就用 Yes;如果答语是否定的,就用No。不过,这种答语的汉语译法有特殊之处。

一般否定疑问句有完全式和简略式之分,它们的词序是不同的。

完全式:Is she not a nurse? 她不是一位护士吗?(简略式:Isn't she a nurse? 她不是一位护士吗?)

词汇学习 Word study

1. urgent adj.

(1)紧迫的;急迫的:

There's an urgent message for you. 这里有你的一个要紧的口信儿。

The children in that area are in urgent need of medical attention. 那个地区的孩子们急需得到医疗方面的关注。

(2)催促的;坚持要求的:

The cries and shouts became louder and more urgent. 哭喊声越来越响,更加急迫。

2.appointment n.

约会;约定:

I have made an appointment with Doctor Smith on next Tuesday. 我与史密斯大夫约好了在下星期二见面。

When is your lunch appointment? 你与别人共进午餐的约会定在什么时候?

Once you've made an appointment, you should try to keep it. 一旦你定好约会的事情,那么你应努力守约。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 78

A

1 She buys a new car every year. She bought a new car last year.

2 She airs the room every day. She aired it this morning.

3 He often loses his pen. He lost his pen this morning.

4 She always listens to the news. She listened to the news yesterday.

5 She empties this basket every day. She emptied it yesterday.

B

1 I painted the room in 1996.

2 She met him on 5th November.

3 They arrived a quarter to eleven.

4 He lost his pen on Saturday.