课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.fell ill, 感觉病了;look ill, 看起来有病。

前者指自我感觉,后者指外表形象。ill是表语,look和feel都是系动词,可像am/is/are那样,后面跟形容词。

2.…so he must stay in bed for a week.……因此他必须卧床休息一周。

so表示“因此”、“所以”。for可以引出一段时间,表示某个动作持续多少时间。又如:

for two hours each day 每天两小时

3.That's good news for Jimmy. 对吉米来说,这可是个好消息。

句中的news是不可数名词,不是复数形式。在英语中,有些以-s 结尾的名词可作单数使用,又如:mumps(腮腺炎),measles (麻疹)。

4.She has a headache. 她头疼。

根据现代英语习惯,headache前常用不定冠词a。其他ache型的复合词也多用不定冠词,如:an earache(耳疼),a toothache (牙疼),a stomach ache(胃疼)。

5.take/have an aspirin, 服/吃一片阿司匹林。

6.have a temperature, 发烧。

语法 Grammar in use

1.完全动词 have(2)

have(和 have got)常与表示疼痛和疾病的名词连用。关于与这种名词连用的不定冠词a/an的用法可有几种情况:

(1)必须用不定冠词,如 a cold(感冒),a headache(头疼),a sore throat(嗓子疼):

I have a headache/cold. 我头疼/感冒了。

(2)不定冠词可用可不用,如 catch(a)cold(患感冒),have(a)backache/stomach ache/toothache(患背痛/胃痛/牙疼等):

I've had(a) toothache all night. 我牙疼了一整夜。

(3)复数形式的疾病名称前面不用冠词。如 measles(麻疹),mumps(流行性腮腺炎),shingles(带状疱疹):

Most children are in bed with mumps. 大多数孩子们都得了流行性腮腺炎,躺在床上。

(4)被认为不可数的疾病名称前面不用冠词,如flu(流行性感冒),gout(痛风),hepatitis(肝炎)等:

I was in bed with flu for ten days. 我因患流感,卧床10天。

the也可以与 flu,measles和 mumps等词连用,如:

He's got the flu/the measles/the mumps. 他得了流感/麻疹/腮腺炎。

2.must(2)

must是情态助动词(如can一样),它本身没有时态、性或数的变化,也不能单独作谓语动词(简短回答除外)。must表示“必要性”,即某人必须做某事。(请参见 Lessons 29~30语法部分。)

词汇学习 Word study

1.feel v.

(1)觉得;感到;意识到:

I could feel rain on my face. 她感觉到雨点打在我的脸上。

He's feeling a little better today. 他今天感觉好点了。

(2)摸,触;(客体)给人某种感觉:

He felt his pockets and then took out a small box. 他摸摸他的口袋,然后取出一个小盒子。

The silk feels very smooth. 丝绸摸上去很滑爽。

(3)认为;以为;相信:

I feel that he has made a mistake. 我认为他犯了一个错误。

I feel it unnecessary to do so. 我认为这样做没必要。

2.remember v.

(1)记得;回忆:

Can Mrs. Williams remember the doctor's telephone number? 威廉斯太太记得起医生的电话号码吗?

I remember he used to dress in a blue suit. 我记得他从前常穿一套蓝色衣服。

(2)记住;牢记;不忘记:

I tried hard to remember the long passage of Shakespeare. 我努力记住莎士比亚的大段说白。

Remember your appointment with the dentist. 别忘了你和牙医的预约。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 62

A

1 He has a cold.

2 He can't go to work.

3 He is not well.

4 He feels ill.

5 He must see a doctor.

6 He does not like doctors.

B

1 What's the matter with Elizabeth?

Does she have an earache?

No, she doesn't have an earache.

She has a headache.

So she must take an aspirin.

2 What's the matter with George?

Does he have a headache?

No, he doesn't have a headache.

He has an earache.

So he must see a doctor.

3 What's she matter with Jim?

Does he have a stomach ache?

No, he doesn't have a stomach ache.

He has a toothache.

So he must see a dentist.

4 What's the matter with Jane?

Does she have a toothache?

No, she doesn't have a toothache.

She has a stomach ache.

So she must take some medicine.

5 What's the matter with Sam?

Does he have a stomach ache?

No, he doesn't have a stomach ache.

He has a temperature.

So he must go to bed.

6 What's the matter with Dave?

Does he have a headache?

No, he doesn't have a headache.

He has flu.

So he must stay in bed.

7 What's the matter with Jimmy?

Does he have a headache?

No, he doesn't have a headache.

He has measles.

So we must call the doctor.

8 What's the matter with Susan?

Does she have an earache?

No, she doesn't have an earache.

She has mumps.

So we must call the doctor.