例： write (vt) rise (vi)
主动语态 被动语态 主动 过去分词
现在时 writing being written rising risen
完成时 having written having been written having risen
a sleeping baby = a baby who is sleeping
a running dog = a dog which is running
a broken glass = a glass which is broken
a beaten team = a team which is beaten（beaten 是被打败的意思）
This is the problem discussed at the last meeting.
The problem being discussed is very important.
The book is interesting.
He is interested in the book.
The news is exciting.
He feels excited.
When I woke up, I found my mother sitting beside me.
I'd like to have this package weighed.
① If you turn to the left, you'll find the station.
→ Turning to the left, you'll find the station.
② As I didn't receive her letter, I called her up by telephone.
→ Not receiving her letter, I called her up by telephone.
③ While I was walking to school yesterday morning, I met a friend.
→ Walking to school yesterday morning, I met a friend.
④ When she was asked it she had any bad habit, she answered that she was a heavy smoker.
→ Asked if she had any bad habit, she answered that she was a heavy smoker.
① When school was over, the boys went home.
→ Being over, the boys went home. ×
School being over, the boys went home. √
② As my homework has been done, I have nothing else to do.
→ My homework having been done, I have nothing else to do.
③ If weather permits, I'll start tomorrow.
→ Weather permitting, I'll start tomorrow.
Entering the room, he saw he. （几乎同时）
Not having tried his best, he failed in the exam. （分词动作在前）
1.The ________ news made them ________.
A. excite / exciting B. exciting / excited
C. exciting / to be excited D. excited / excited
2. ________ an answer from the committee, he was worried.
A. Having not got B. Getting not
C. Not having got D. Having not been got
3. ________, all the quarrels came to an end.
A. The lost money was found B. Was the lost money found
C. Because the lost money found D. With the lost money found
4. Many of our dreams ________ impossible in the past have come true.
A. were considered B. to be considered
C. considering D. considered
5. The hall was so noisy for the speaker to make himself ________.
A. hear B. being heard C. hearing D. heard
6. After a whole day's heavy work, the old worker returned home, ________.
A. hungry and exhausted B. hungry and exhausting
C. hungry and being exhausted D. hungry and exhaust
1. B 2. C 3. D 4. D 5. D 6. A