1.动名词定义:具有名词性质,可在句中担任主语,宾语表语,定语,具有所有格作修饰语。

2.形式:以do为例
    doing → being done
    having done → having been done

3.用法:

(1)主语:
      Saving is easier than doing.
      His coming here will be a great help.
      It is no use waiting here, he has left.
      There is no getting along with him.(简直无法和他相处)

(2)表语:
      His job is keeping the hall clean as possible.
      Seeing is believing.

(3)宾语:
a. 动词宾语:
    He admitted taking the book.
    I do mind your smoking here.
重磅要点:下列动词须跟动名词作宾语:
admitappreciate,  avoid,  complete,  delaydeny,  enjoy,  fancy,  finish,  mind,  practice,  resent,  risk,  suggest,  allow,  permit...
特注:以allow为例:allow + doing sth(动名词作宾语)。但可以:Allow sb to do sth(不定式作宾补)。
这类动词常见如 advise, allow, permit, recommend, etc.
b. 作介词宾语:
    He left without saying goodbye to us.
    I'm looking forward to meeting you.(to 在这里是介词)

(4)定语:
reading room     swimming pool     walking stick

4.动名词复合结构:由名词所有格或物主代词与动名词构成。
    His leaving is a great loss.
    Mother dislikes my (me) working late.
    John's having seen her did not make her worried.
注:动名词复合结构多作主语或宾语,作主语是必须是所有格。如上二例,但作宾语时可以用所有格,也可用普通格。

5.动名词时态:
I am thinking of setting a new dictionary.(以后)
He never talked to me about his having been in Paris.(以前)

6.动名词语态:
He doesn't like being flattered.
I heard of his having been chosen to be the coach of the team.

7.动名词与不定式在用法上的几点比较:
(1)在 begin,start,continue 等词后用动名词或不定式区别不大。
      He began writing / to write in 1980.
(2)下列动词跟不定式或动名词所表示意义差别很大,注意使用。
      He stopped talking. 停止讲话。
      He stopped to talk. 停下来开始讲话。
      Please remember to post the letter. 记住寄走这封信。
      I remember posting the letter. 我记得寄出了这封信。
      I forgot to lock the door yesterday. 昨天我忘记锁门了。(未锁)
      I forgot telling him the news. 我忘了我曾告诉过他这个消息。(做过的事情忘记了)

测试精编

1.The workers favor ________ funds to build the bridge.
A. to raise      B. raising      C. raised      D. rising

2. No one can avoid ________ by one's surroundings.
A. to be influenced                     B. having influenced 
C. influencing                            D. being influenced

3. She doesn't feel like ________ tonight.
A. dancing     B. to dance     C. dance     D. to be

4. Does Mr Wang object to ________ her the money?
A. that we lend       B. be lent       C. lending      D. lend

5. I can still recall ________ with him many years ago.
A. to stay     B. to staying     C. to have stayed     D. having stayed

(后设答案,大家不要偷看哦~(*^__^*) 嘻嘻……)

KEYS

1. B    2. D    3. A    4. C    5. D