课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.What are you going to do now, George?你现在准备干什么,乔治?

be going to,是打算、准备、按计划在最近做某事,表示将来。请参见本课语法部分。

2.Pink's=Pink is。

3.It's for my daughter, Susan.是为我的女儿苏珊做的。

Susan作my daughter的同位语。

语法 Grammar in use

将来时 be going to

(1)将来时be going to的形式由am/is/are going to +动词原形构成。

(2)将来时be going to的用法

A. 表示“打算”、“准备”在最近做某事。(在非正式语体中,一般多用be going to,而不用will。)

I am going to put it on the floor.

我打算把它放在地板上。

He is going to paint the bookcase tomorrow.

他准备明天给书架刷漆。

B. 表示按计划、安排要发生的事:

The meeting is going to begin at nine.

会议将在9点开始。

Where are you going to build the road?

你们将在什么地方筑路?

C. 表示预言一件事即将发生:

The meeting is going to begin at nine.

会议将在9点开始。

It's going to rain!

天要下雨了!

She's going to faint!

她要晕倒了!

(3)be going to的疑问式与否定式

将助动词be提至句首可将陈述句变为一般疑问句。如:

George is going to paint it pink.

乔治打算把它刷成粉红色。

Is George going to paint it pink?

乔治打算把它刷成粉红色吗?

在助动词后面加上not可以得到否定句。如上句可变为:

George is not going to point it pink.

乔治不打算把它刷成粉红色。

词汇学习 Word study

1.paint

(1)v.上漆,涂:
What colour is George going to paint it?

乔治准备把它漆成什么颜色的?

(2)v.(用颜料)画:

Who painted this picture?

这幅画是谁画的?

(3)v.描写;描绘:

His novel paints a peaceful picture of the country life in Europe.

他的小说描绘了有关欧洲乡村生活的宁静画面。

(4)n.油漆;涂料;颜料:

Wet Paint!

油漆未干!

I bought a box of paints.

我买了一盒颜料。

2.work

(1)v.工作;劳动:

He works 45 hours per week.

他每周工作45个小时。

(2)v.从事职业:

He works as a bank clerk.

他是一名银行职员。

(3)v.学习;做作业:

If you work hard, you'll pass your exams.

如果你用功的话,你就会考试通过。

He wants to have a good sleep after a day's work.

在一天的工作之后,他想好好睡上一觉。

The students finished all their work in class.

学生们当堂把全部作业都完成了。

He is without work.

他失业了。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 38

A

1 What are you doing? We are reading.

2 What are they doing? They are doing their homework.

3 What is he doing? He is working hard.

4 What are you doing? I am washing the dishes.

B

1 What are you going to do?

I'm going to shave.

What are you doing now?

I'm shaving.

2 What are you going to do?

I'm going to wait for a bus.

What are you doing now?

I'm waiting for a bus.

3 What are you going to do?

I'm going to do my homework.

What are you doing now?

I'm doing my homework.

4 What are you going to do?

I'm going to listen to the stereo.

What are you doing now?

I'm listening to the stereo.

5 What are you going to do?

I'm going to wash the dishes.

What are you doing now?

I'm washing the dishes.