课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.How do you do?您好。

这是用于第一次见面时的较正式用语。一般用同样的话来回答。请参见 Lessons 5~6课文详注。

2.Come and meet our employees…来见见我们的雇员……

这里的and表示目的。请参见 Lessons 13~14中语法部分的解释。

3.This is Nicola Grey,and this is Claire Taylor.这位是尼古拉·格雷,这位是克莱尔·泰勒。

这是介绍人们彼此认识时的常用句型。请参见 Lessons 5~6课文详注。

4.名词的复数形式(2)

如果名词单数词尾为-f或-fe(读作/f/),则其复数一律变为-ves (读作/vz/),即将-f或-fe变成-v,再加-es而成,如 housewife ---- housewives。

英语中有一些名词的复数形式是不规则的,如man与woman其复数形式分别为men与women。此外还可用man,woman等来区别阳性与阴性:以-man结尾的一些复合名词指男性,如milkman ---- milkmen,policeman ---- policemen;一些以-woman结尾的名词指女性,如postwoman ---- postwomen,policewoman ---- policewomen。

5.数字200,1,000,1,001的英文写法

200 ---- two hundred

1,000 ---- a(或 one) thousand

1,001 ---- a thousand and one

语法 Grammar in use

1.who 引导的特殊疑问句

Who is…?或 Who are…?这类以疑问词 who引导的疑问句通常用来询问人的姓名和身份。Who…?仅指人,可以用来询问男性、女性、单数或复数的人。

注意这种句型与 What is…?或 What are…?这类句型的区别:What…?句型主要用来询问人的类别或职业。请参见 Lessons 5~6与 Lessons 7~8语法部分的解释。

2.所有格形容词与人称代词

所有格形容词their 意为“他们的”,其对应的人称代词是they。请参见Lessons 11~12语法部分。

词汇学习 Word study

1.custom n.

风俗;习惯;

When visiting a foreign country, we might find the country's customs strange to us.

当我们去外国访问时,我们也许会发现该国的某些风俗习惯有些奇怪。

It is his custom to go for a walk in the evenings.

他惯常在晚上出去散步。

2.customs, Customs n.

[复]海关;征收关税的程序:

The spy was stopped at the Customs and questioned.

那个间谍在海关被截住并被加以盘问。

How long will it usually take to pass the Customs?

通过海关检查通常要花费多少时间?

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 18

A

1 That man is tall. He is a policeman.

2 Those girls are busy. They are keyboard operators.

3 Our names are Britt and Inge. We are Swedish.

4 Look at our office assistant. He is very hard-working.

5 Look at Nicola. She is very pretty.

6 Michael Baker and Jeremy Short are employees. They are sales reps.

B

1 Are they keyboard operators or air hostesses?

They aren't keyboard operators. They're air hostesses.

2 Are they postmen or policemen?

They aren't postmen. They're policemen.

3 Are they policewomen or nurses?

They aren't policewomen. They're nurses.

4 Are they customs officers or hairdressers?

They aren't customs officers. They're hairdressers.

5 Are they hairdressers or teachers?

They aren't hairdressers. They're teachers.

6 Are they engineers or taxi drivers?

They aren't engineers. They're taxi drivers.

7 Are they policewomen or keyboard operators?

They aren't policewomen. They're keyboard operators.

8 Are they milkmen or engineers?

They aren't milkmen. They're engineers.

9 Are they policemen or milkmen?

They aren't policemen. They're milkmen.

10 Are they nurses or housewives?

They aren't nurses. They're housewives.