新概念英语第二册-Lesson 61

第一部分 WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

    

第二部分 TEXT

The Hubble telescope was launched into space by NASA on April 20, 1990  at a cost of over a billion dollars. Right from the start there was trouble with the Hubble. The pictures it sent us were very disappointing because its main mirror was faulty! NASA is now going to put the telescope right, so it will soon be sending up four astronauts to repair it. The shuttle Endeavour will be taking the astronauts to the Hubble. A robot-arm from the Endeavour will grab the telescope and hold it while the astronauts make the necessary repairs. Of course, the Hubble is above the earth's atmosphere, so it will soon be sending us the clearest  pictures of the stars and distant galaxies that we have ever seen. The Hubble will tell us a great deal about the age and size of the universe. By the time you read this, the Rubble's eagle eye will have sent us thousands and thousands of wonderful pictures.

参考译文

哈勃望远镜于1990年4月20日由国家航空航天局发射升空, 耗资10多亿美元. 从最开始哈勃望远镜就有问题. 它传送给我们的图像很令人失望, 因为它的主要镜子有误差. 国家航天局准备纠正这一错误, 为此将把4名宇航员送入太空修复望远镜. "奋进" 号航天飞机将把宇航员送上哈勃. 当宇航员进行必要的修复工作时, "奋进" 号上的一只机器手将抓住望远镜并托住它. 当然, 哈勃位于地球的大气层之外, 因此, 它很快就会给我们传送我们所见到过的、有关行星和远距离星系的最清晰的照片. 哈勃将告诉我们有关宇宙的年龄和大小的许多事情. 等到你读到这篇文章时, 敏锐的哈勃望远镜已经为我们送来了成千上万张精彩的照片.

第三部分 LANGUAGE POINTS

1.The Hubble telescope was launched into space by NASA on April 20, 1990  at a cost of over a billion dollars.
launch:发射
Ex:launch a rocket/an artificial satellite
at a cost of:耗资...,花费...

2.Right from the start there was trouble with the Hubble. 
right from the start:从最开始,ad.right表示强调

3.NASA is now going to put the telescope right..
put right:纠正,改正

4. A robot-arm from the Endeavour will grab the telescope and hold it while the astronauts make the necessary repairs.
while:连词,在...期间,表示一段时间

5.The Hubble will tell us a great deal about the age and size of the universe.
a great deal:名词性词组,许多事情/东西
a great deal of:修饰性短语,许多的...

6.By the time you read this, the Rubble's eagle eye will have sent us thousands and thousands of wonderful pictures.
by the time...:时间状语从句,主句一般用将来完成时
eagle eye:千里眼
thousands and thousands of:成千上万的

第四部分 KEY STRUCTURES AND USAGE

将来进行时/将来完成时

Ex:将来进行时举例
=>NASA is now going to put the telescope right, so it will soon be sending up four astronauts to repair it.
=>The shuttle Endeavour will be taking the astronauts to the Hubble.
=>The Hubble is above the earth's atmosphere, so it will soon be sending us the clearest  pictures of the stars and distant galaxies that we have ever seen

Ex:将来完成时举例(注意句中时间状语)
=>He will have arrived by this time tomorrow.
=>You will have received your exam results by next Monday.
=>By the time we get there, he will have already left.

几种将来时结构
1)将来完成时                 will have done
2)将来进行时                 will be doing
3)将来完成进行时        will have been doing
4)现在完成进行时        have been doing ( 从某一点发生, 一直延续到将来的某一点, 并且将可能延续下去)


如需要了解其他更多语法点,请查阅HJ英语语法大全在线词典 (点击进入)

 


Exercises

一、中译英
1、发起进攻
2、创办一个新的企业
3、发起一个运动
4、他现在正在打电话
5、球正打在那个人头上
6、为了纠正错误,他们开始着手调查
7、他对植物懂得很多
8、这趟旅行花了他不少钱

二、课文理解题

1、The Hubble failed to send us satisfactory pictures because _______.
a. the cost of sending satisfactory pictures was terrible
b. there was a problem with its main mirror
c. it was a long time since it was launched into space
d. it was high above the earth's atmosphere

2、The Hubble telescope ______.
a. will tell us a great deal about the universe
b. cost a lot but was almost worthless
c. will measure the size of the earth
d. requires constant care from the astronauts

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