1.A) She is drawn to its integration of design and engineering.

B) She is influenced by her father who teaches architecture.

C) She is preoccupied with her dream to be an architect.

D) She is attracted to the beauty of modern buildings

2. A) By taking prerequisite courses

B) By studying the subject online.

C) With the professor's help.

D) Through hard work.

3. A) It is immortal.

B) It is immaterial.

C) It is long-lasting.

D) It is groundbreaking.

4. A)Computer science.

B) Philosophy.

C) Economics.

D)Western art.

5. A) He is a famous football coach.

B) He is well known to the public.

C) He has been guarded by a discreet assistant.

D) He has occasionally been harassed by his fans.

6. A) Help promote Mr. Sanchez's public profile.

B) Run common daily chores for the woman.

C) Play a key role in Real Madrid.

D) Serve as a personal assistant.

7. A) He once worked part-time in university.

B) He is honest and always tells the truth.

C) He cares little about his working hours.

D) He has little previous work experience.

8.A) He has a natural capacity to cooperate with others.

B) He has a sound knowledge of sports consultancy.

C) He has a high proficiency in several languages.

D) He has a strong ability to connect with people.

9. A) They have fewer rules and pressures.

B) They require less supervision and training.

C) They are more suitable to young people.

D) They bring more benefits to young people.

10. A) They prevent kids from enjoying adventure sports.

B) They rob kids of the chance to cultivate their courage.

C) They help kids guard against any possible injuries.

D) They deprive kids of the opportunity to develop team spirit.

11. A) Introduce them to these sports step by step.

B) Ask them to try some forms of indoor sport.

C) Let them participate in some less risky outdoor activities.

D) Help them take up these sports when they are more mature.

12. A) Manufacturers use effective strategies to promote fancier products.

B) Tech firms intentionally design products to have short lifespans.

C) Such products tend to comprise parts that are irreplaceable

D) Consumers often have a craving for the latest model.

13.A) Detail the life cycle of their products.

B) Specify the major parts of their products.

C) List a repairability score of their products.

D) Indicate the competitiveness of their products.

14. A) Take due caution in upgrading their products.

B) Substitute all toxic substances with non-toxic ones.

C) Invest in constructing more recycling facilities.

D) Take the initiative to reduce electronic waste.

15. A) It can be solved.

B) It is certain to worsen.

C)I is unavoidable in the long run.

D) It will be fixed by tech companies.

16. A) How internet monitoring can be implemented.

B) How to prevent employees from cyberloafing.

C) How cyberloafing affects overall productivity.

D) How to encourage productive internet surfing.

17.A) Overuse of social media may lead to decline in productivity.

B) Employee engagement is closely related to job satisfaction.

C) Cyberloafing may relieve employees of stress.

D) Cyberloafing is a sign of workers' laziness.

18. A) Taking mini-breaks means better job performance.

B) Cyberloafing generally does more harm than good.

C) Employees who indulge in internet surfing are most likely to quit.

D) Worker turnover is linked to the time allowed for cyberloafing.

19A)There were environmental problems.

B. There were no wooden buildings.

C) There were few settlers.

D) There were no trees.

20. A) He urged the state to start the Nebraska State Gardening Society.

B) He founded a newspaper and used it to promote his ideas.

C) He engaged himself in a large number of aesthetic projects.

D) He served as chairman of the Nebraska State Board of Agriculture.

21. A) Nebraska cared the nickname "the Tree Planters State”.

B) The state government declared it the official Arbor Day.

C) One million trees were planted throughout Nebraska.

D) A special prize was awarded to Julius Morton.

22.A) They lived mostly in Africa for about 200,000 years.

B) They moved out of Africa about 60,000 years ago.

C They preferred to live in Europe rather than in Asia.

D)They spread across Europe and Asia in a few decades.

23.A) The Luna cave in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

B) The human fossils discovered most recently in Africa.

C) The traces of human migration out of Africa to Asia.

D) The discovery of two modern human teeth in China.

24. A) There must have been some reason for human migration.

B) Humans had access to abundant food sources there.

C) Humans adapted themselves to the environment there.

D) There have been changes in animals’ living conditions.

25. A) When modern humans started to disperse out of Africa.

B) How humans settled down on the Arabian Peninsula.

C) Why fresh water is so important for human survival.

D) What path modern humans took to migrate out of Africa.


1.A) It was spacious and tranquil.

B)It was warm and comfortable.

C) It was shabby and solitary.

D) It was tiny and noisy.

2. A) She no longer hates people talking loudly in the dorm.

B) She misses her roommates she used to complain about.

C)She begins to enjoy the movies she once found irritating.

D) She finds the crowded dorm as cozy as her new apartment.

3. A) He found the apartment perfectly furnished.

B) He had a feeling of despair and frustration.

C) He had a similar feeling to the woman's.

D) He felt the new place was like paradise.

4. A) Go to see the woman's apartment.

B) Make a phone call to his parents.

C) Buy some furniture for the woman.

D) Decorate the woman's apartment.

5.A) He works as a literary critic.  

B)He hosts an educational program

(C) He has initiated a university reform.

D) He has published a book recently.

6. A) It fails to keep up with the radical changes of society.

B) It fails to ensure universities get sufficient resources.

C)It has not prepared young people for the job market.

D) It has not fostered the growth of the arts disciplines.

7. A) More of the budget should go to science and technology.

B) The underfunded music discipline should be prioritized.

C) Subdisciplines like sculpture should get more funding.

D) Literature should get as much funding as engineering.

8. A) Build a prosperous nation.

B) Make skilled professionals.

C) Create ingenious artists.

D) Cultivate better citizens.

9.A) It is quite common.

B) It is rarely noticed.

C) It seldom annoys people.

D) It occurs when one is alone.

10. A) Seeing things in black and white.

B) Engaging in regular contemplation.

C) Having a special understanding of creativity.

D) Knowing how to make their mental batteries work.

11. A) Engaging in intense activity.

B) Fantasizing in one's down time.

C) Working on a particular project.

D) Reflecting during one's relaxation.

12. A) Farmers helped Native Americans grow crops.

B) There were expansive university campuses.

C) There existed post offices.

D) Migrants found gold there.

13. A) It helped to boost the economy in the American West.

B) It provided job opportunities for many gold seekers.

C) It extended the influence of the federal government.

D) It kept people in the deserts and plains connected.

14.A) It employed Native Americans to work as postmen.

B) It commissioned private wagons to carry the mail.

C) It subsidized the locals who acted as postmasters.

D) It centralized postal services in its remote areas.

15.A) He analyzed interactive maps of mail routes.

B) He read a large collection of books on the topic.

C) He examined its historical trends with data science.

D) He collected data about its impact on local business.

16.A)Higher levels of anxiety may improve people's memory.

B) Some experiences are easier to remember than others.

C) Most people tend to remember things selectively.

D) Simple things may leave a deep impression on one's memory.

17. A) They classified the participants' mindset.

B) They showed some photos to the participants.

C) They measured the participants' anxiety levels.

D) They tested the size of the participants' vocabulary.

18.A) Anxiety has become a serious problem for an increasing number of people.

B) Extreme levels of anxiety can adversely affect cognitive performance.

C)People diagnosed with anxiety disorder may forget things selectively.

D) There is no direct correlation between memory and levels of anxiety.

19.A) They compare products from different companies before making a choice.

B) They get information from other consumers' postings and comments.

C) They lose patience when their phone call is not promptly answered.

D) They expect to get instantaneous responses to their inquiry.

20.A) Giving them rewards on the spot.

B) Broadening their scope of interest.

C)Speaking directly to their emotions.

D) Focusing on the details of the product.

21. A) Change the rules of the game in the market every year.

B) Keep up with the latest technological developments.

C) Learn from technological innovators to do business.

D) Make greater efforts to build up consumers' confidence.

22. A) People have only one social engagement per week.

B) Working together enhances friendship.

C) Few people have devoted friends.

D) Friendships benefit work.

23. A) The impact of friends on people's self-esteem.

B) How supportive friends can be in the workplace.

C) How to boost one's sense of value and worthiness.

D) The role of family ties in people's mental well-being.

24. A) They show little interest in their friends' work.

B)They tend to be much more difficult to make.

C)They are more trustworthy and reliable.

D) They increase people's job satisfaction.

25. A) Allow employees to have a flexible work schedule.

B) Encourage employees to be friends with colleagues.

C) Help employees balance work and family responsibilities.

D) Organize activities to nourish friendships outside of work.