Questions 56 to 60 are based on the followingpassage.

There is a certain inevitability that ebook saleshave now overtaken paperback sales on Amazon'sUS site. Amazon's Kindle 2 is so light and so cheapthat it's easy to see why people have rushed to buyit. Though I'm still not keen on the design of the Kindle, it is a vast improvement on itspredecessor and certainly tolerable. Beyond the device itself, Amazon has done a great jobof rolling out Kindle apps, ensuring that people like me-who have an iPad but not a Kindle-canstill join in the fun. Once you're into the Kindle ecosystem, Amazon locks you in tightly-just asApple does with its iTunes/ iPod ecosystem. It's so easy to buy from Amazon's store and thebooks are so cheap that it's not worth the effort of going elsewhere.

While I remain opposed to Amazon's DRM (数字版权管理)-indeed, I'm opposed to DRM onany ebooks-I have to admit that the implementation is so smooth that most Kindle userswon't care at all that their ebooks can't be moved to other devices.

The ebook trend is nowhere near peaking. Over the next five years we can expect to seemore and more readers move away from printed books and pick up ebooks instead. But I don'tthink that will mean the death of the printed book.

There are some who prefer printed books. They like having shelves filled with books they'veread and books they plan to read; they like the feel of the book in their hands and the differentweights and typefaces and layouts of different titles. In other words, they like the physical formof the book almost as much as the words it contains.

I can sympathise with those people. As I wrote earlier this week, my ideal situation would befor publishers to bundle ebooks with printed ones-in much the same way that film studiosbtmdie DVDs with digital copies of films. There's no reason to think that lovers of printed bookswill change their minds. There will undoubtedly be fewer of them as time goes by because morepeople will grow up with ebooks and spend little time with printed ones. However, just as thereare people who love vinyl records(黑胶唱片), even if they were born well into the CD era, therewill still be a dedicated minority who love physical books.

Since there are fewer of these people, that will mean fewer bookshops and higher prices forprinted books but I don't think the picture is entirely bleak. There is scope for smaller printruns of lavishly designed printed books and bookshops aimed at book lovers, rather than theStieg Larsson-reading masses. With mainstream readers out of the printed book market, booklovers might even find they get a better experience.

56. What can be inferred from Paragraph One?

A.Most people buy Kindle 2 mainly because of its low price.

B.The author of the passage is a loyal customer of Apple products.

C.Amazon's Kindle 2 surpassed Kindle 1 in designing.

D.The sales of ebook outnumbered those of paperback in the U. S.

57. According to the passage, the reason why the author opposes to Amazon's DRM is that______

can only be purchased on Amazon. com

B.Kindle books are not compatible with other electronic reading devices

implemented, ebooks can't be transferred to other equipments

installed on Kindle 2 can't be edited freely

58. It can be learned that the trend of ebooks______

come to stop any time soon

reach the summit in the near future

meet its heyday when printed books die

already reached its peak

59. Why does the author believe that the surging sales of ebooks won't mean the death ofthe printed book?

A.Because a minority will stick to their love of printed books.

B.Because the majority of book lovers won't change their minds.

C.Because people always hold nostalgic feelings towards printed books.

D.Because people will return to the printed books as time goes by.

60. According to the author, which of the following is TRUE about the future of printedbooks?

A.They will be bundled with ebooks.

B.They will no longer be available in the market.

C.They will be sold in small quantity and high quality.

D.They will be redesigned to cater to the masses.


56.C)。本题考查对第一段的理解。定位句指出“尽管我还是对Kindle的设计提不起兴趣. 但较之第一代确实有了相当大的改进,还是非常不错的”,即Kindle 2在设计上要优于Kindle l,故答案为 C)。

57.c)。本题考查作者对亚马逊的数字版权管理持反对态度的原因。定位句提到“我不得不承认安装过程实在是太便捷了,以至于大多数Kindle用户并不 介意电子书无法安装到其他设备上”,由此可知,电子书一旦安装后,不可以在其他设备上再次使用,C)中的transfer,equipments分别对应 定位句中的move和devices,故为答案。



60.C)。本题考查纸质书的发展趋势。由定位句可知,面向大众群体的斯泰格拉尔森式阅读将被淘汰,取而代之的是针对爱书者而设的装帧精美、数量不多的印刷本和书店。C)中的small quantity和better quality分别对应原文的smaller print,lavishly designed,故为答案。




美国语言学家Driller (1978)根据词汇统计特征指出:如果我们认得25个最常见的英文单词,平均每页纸上的词我们会认得33%;如果认得135个常用词,则为50%;如果认得2500个,则为78%;如果认得5 000个,则为80%;一旦记得10000个,可达92%。可见,阅读能力的高低和词汇量的大小是分不开的,目前大部分学生的词汇量偏少, 这是影响阅读能力提高的主要因素。那么怎样才能提高学生的词汇量呢?

1. 构词记忆法

据估计,英语词汇有100万到120万,但大部分单词是由构词法构成的。构词法包括派生、合成和转化。在教学中,让学生掌握常用的前缀(un/dis/im/il /super.)、后缀( ly/ less/ ful/ ment…)的含义及用法,就可以根据已知词猜出它的派生词,从而达到扩大词汇的目的。如:前缀super 有超过,超越的含义,就可以猜出supermarket (超级市场)supernatural (超自然的)、 superman (超人)、superstar (超级明星)等词的含义。。

2. 联想记忆法

由一个词联想到和它有关或无关的词,如看到live vi 生活,联想到其他词性及用法,如,直播的、活的等词义。

3. 广泛阅读记忆法

“To read well, you need a strong vocabulary.. To build a strong vocabulary, you need to read well.” 这句名言道出了阅读和词汇量的关系。要有流利的阅读,就必须有丰富的词汇。大量的阅读可以丰富你的词汇。

(二) 牢固掌握语法知识

近年来的NMET阅读理解短文的句式结构趋向复杂,语法知识在阅读中的作用已经突显出来。如在阅读中遇到另人费解的长句、难句,就可以借助语法,对句子进行适当的分析,搞清各部分的关系,从而准确理解整句的意思。以Decision-thinking is not unlike poker-it often matters not only what you think, but also what others think you think and what you think they think you think.(NMET 2000) 为例。该句的29个词中包含了主语从句,宾语从句、并列句和破折号连接的附加说明等多种关系。其中并列句中又有复合句,复合句中又有并列句。只有把句子的成分一一理清,才能掌握其意思。


英语阅读能力的提高不仅需要一定的语言知识,还要有一定的文化背景知识和生活知识。例如在NMET2003的阅读理解A篇,该篇选材涉及地理,介绍了两座farthest/ most distant inhabited islands,一个为Guinness Book of Records 所认定的Tristan da Cunha;另一为复活岛(Easter Island)文章中出现了较多的专有名词,对于阅读经验不足的同学会形成干扰,而对于那些对Easter Day 等背景知识了解的同学,相对就会好些。另外在C篇中,出现了书刊号,如果熟悉这些,就会减少好多阅读困难。