动词是英语中最重要的一个语法考点,而动词时态(以及非谓语动词)又是各类动词考点中最最重要的。下面是新概念英语语法知识的整理,大家可以作为学习的参考。

过去将来时的用法:

(1) was / were going to + 动词原形:该结构有两个主要用法,一是表示过去的打算,二是表示在过去看来有迹象表明将要发生某事。如:

I thought it was going to rain. 我想要下雨了。

I was going to leave when he came in. 他进来时我正要离开。

(2) was / were to + 动词原形:主要表示过去按计划或安排要做的事情。如:

He asked where he was to put it. 他问他该把它放在哪里。

She said she was to get married next month. 她说她计划在下个月结婚。

hear何时可用于进行时态:

当 hear 表示无意识的“听见”时,它不能用于进行时态。如以下各句均不能用进行时态:

I hear shouting. 我听到喊叫声。

He heard the wind blowing. 他听见风在刮。

I heard him lock the door. 我听见他锁了门。

They hated children. I heard them say so. 他们讨厌孩子。我听到他们这样说过。

Can everyone in the room hear me? 屋子里的每一个人都能听到我的声音吗?

As I opened my eyes I heard a strange voice. 我睁开眼的时候,听见了一种奇怪的声音。

通常与现在完成时搭配的副词:

现在完成时通常连用的副词有already, never, ever, just, before, recently等。如:

Perhaps the train has already left. 也许火车已经开走了。

She has never replied to my letter. 她不曾回我的信。

Have you ever been abroad before? 你以前出过国吗?

We’ve not been to the cinema recently. 我们最近没去看过电影。

Excuse me, a telegram has just arrived. 对不起,打断一下,刚收到一份电报。

但是,若不强调动作对现在的影响,这些副词也可用一般过去时。如:

He just came back from abroad. 他刚从国外回来。

You didn’t tell us this before. 你以前没有告诉过我这件事。

以上就是新概念英语语法知识的分享,希望可以给大家在学习的过程中带来帮助。

如果您对英语学习感兴趣,想要深入学习,可以了解沪江网校精品课程,量身定制高效实用的个性化学习方案,专属督导全程伴学。扫一扫定制专属课程