1、图形种类及概述法：

2、常用的描述用法

The table/chart diagram/graph shows (that)

According to the table/chart diagram/graph

As (is) shown in the table/chart diagram/graph

As can be seen from the table/chart/diagram/graph/figures，

figures/statistics shows (that)……

It can be seen from the figures/statistics

We can see from the figures/statistics

It is clear from the figures/statistics

It is apparent from the figures/statistics

table/chart/diagram/graph figures (that) ……

table/chart/diagram/graph shows/describes/illustrates how……

3、图表中的数据(Data)具体表达法

1、主章开头

2、表示数据变化的单词或者词组

rapid/rapidly　迅速的，飞快的，险峻的

dramatic/dramatically　戏剧性的，生动的

significant/significantly　有意义的，重大的，重要的

sharp/sharply　锐利的，明显的，急剧的

steep/steeply　急剧升降的

slow/slowly　缓慢的，不活跃的

slight/slightly　轻微的、略微地

stable/stably　稳定的

3、其它在描述中的常用到的词

significant changes　图中一些较大变化

noticeable trend　明显趋势

during the same period　在同一时期

grow/grew　增长

distribute　分布，区别

unequally　不相等地

in the case of adv.　在……的情况下

in terms of / in respect of / regarding　在……方面

in contrast　相反，大不相同

government policy　政府政策

market forces　市场规率

measure 　n.尺寸，方法，措施v.估量，调节

forecast　 n.先见，预见v.预测

table shows the changes in the number of……over the period from……to……

bar chart illustrates that……

graph provides some interesting data regarding……

diagram shows (that)……

pie graph depicts (that)……

is a cure graph which describes the trend of……

figures/statistics show (that)……

tree diagram reveals how……

data/statistics show (that)……

data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that……

is shown/demonstrated/exhibited in the diagram/graph/chart/table……

ing to the chart/figures……

is shown in the table……

can be seen from the diagram，great changes have taken place in……

the table/chart/diagram/figure，we can see clearly that……or it is clear/apparent from the chart that……

1 is a graph which illustrates……

table shows the changing proportion of a & b from……to……

1 graph，presented in a pie chart， shows the general trend in……

is a column chart showing……

can be seen from the graph，the two curves show the flutuation of……

the period from……to……the……remained level.

the year between……and……

the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998……

1995年至1998三年里……

then on/from this time onwards……

2 number of……remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year)。

……月(年)至……月(年)……的数量基本不变。

number sharply went up to……

2 percentage of……stayed the same between……and……

……至……期间……的比率维持不变。

2 figures peaked at……in(month/year)

……的数目在……月(年)达到顶点，为……

percentage of……is sightly larger/smaller than that of……

……的比例比……的比例略高(低)。

3re is not a great deal of difference between……and……

……与……的区别不大。

3 graphs show a threefold increase in the number of……

33……decreased year by year while……increased steadily.

……逐年减少，而……逐步上升。

3 situation reached a peak(a high point at) of[%].

……的情况(局势)到达顶(高)点，为……百分点。

3 figures/situation bottomed out in……

figures reached the bottom/a low point/hit a trough.

37.a is ……times as much/many as b.

a是b的……倍。

38.a increased by……

a增长了……

39.a increased to……

a增长到……

percentage.

4re is an upward trend in the number of……

……数字呈上升趋势。

42.a considerable increase/decrease occurred from……to……

……到……发生急剧上升。

rate of decrease slow down.

this year on，there was a gradual declinel reduction in the……，reaching a figure of……

similar to……

the same as……

4re are a lot similarities/differences between……and……

……与……之间有许多相似(不同)之处

48.a has something in common with b

a于b有共同之处。

4 difference between a and b lies in……

a与b之间的差别在于……

50……(year)witnessed/saw a sharp rise in……

……年……急剧上升