part Ⅱ dictation


every year, millions of salmon swim from the ocean into the mouths of rivers and then steadily up the rivers. passing through waters, around rocks and waterfalls, the fish finally reach their original streams or lakes. they dig out nests in the riverbed and lay their eggs. then, exhausted by their journey, the parent salmon die. they have finished the task that nature has given them. months, or years later, the young fish start their trip to the ocean. they live in the salt water from 2-7 years, until they, too are ready to swim back to reproduce. their life cycle helps man provide himself with a basic food-fish. when the adult salmon gather at the river mouths for the annual trip up the rivers, they are in the best possible condition, and nearly every harbor has its salmon fishing fleet ready to catch thousands for markets.?

now, you have two minutes to check through your work.

part Ⅲ listening comprehension

in sections a, b and c, you will hear everything once only. listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet.

section a statement

in this section, you will hear seven statements. at the end of each statement you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question.

1. you must relax. don't work too hard. and do watch your drinking and smoking.

hadn't quite expected the committee to agree to rebuild the hospital, so we were taken aback when we got to know that it had finally agreed.

coach leaves the station every 20 minutes. it's 9:15 now, and you have to wait for five minutes for the next one.

s jane shouldn't have got married in the first place. no one knows what she might have been doing now, but not washing up. that's for sure!

5.i happen to be working on a similar project at the moment. i am only too pleased to help you.

man arrived for the ceremony with patched jackets and faded jeans that the average person would save for mowing the lawn in his garden at the weekend.

! here you are! this is the last place in the world i would have expected to find you.

section b conversation

in this section you will hear 10 short conversations between two speakers. at the end of each conversation, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question.

8. w: i couldn't stand this morning. my right leg went stiff.

m: i'm afraid it's probably a side-effect from the drugs i put you on.

9. w: how did your writing go this morning? is the book coming along alright?

m: i'm not sure. i think the rest of it will be difficult to write.

10. w: is there anything you can do to make the cold go away more quickly?

m: no, there isn't. and a cold isn't really serious enough for a visit to a doctor.

11. w: look! what have i got here!

m: oh. so you did go to that bookstore!

12. m: excuse me. has there been an emergency?

w: oh, no sir. there's just a storm, so the plane will leave a little later this afternoon.

13. w: i wish i hadn't hurt linda's feeling like that yesterday. you know i never meant to.

m: the great thing about linda is that she doesn't hold any grudges. by tomorrow she'll have forgotten all about it.

14. m: my grades are not bad, but not good enough. i know i didn't study at all this semester. now i have to work very hard next semester to keep my scholarship.

w: i'll see you in the library, then.

15. w: i'll wear this blue jacket for the evening. i like the color on me, don't you think?

m:i think it looks terrific on you-really!

16. w: do you know that sam turned down that job offer by a travel agency?

m: yeah. the hours were convenient, but had he accepted it, he wouldn't have been able to make ends meet.

17. w: at the rate it is being used, the printer is not going to make it through the rest of the year.

m: the year? it is supposed to be good for four!

section c news broadcast

questions 18 and 19 are based on the following news. at the end of the news item you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. now listen to the news.

the u.n resolution calls for greater international intelligence and law enforcement cooperation. and it requires states to change their banking laws in order to police the global network of terrorisms financiers. it makes providing funds for terror activities a criminal offence and would freeze bank accounts of those who sponsor terrorism.

questions 20 and 21 are based on the following news. at the end of the news item you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. now listen to the news.

a police spokesman said the devices were made safe by explosive experts in the ardorn district, where a woman was shot in the leg and 13 police officers were injured during a second successive night of violence. northern ireland's police chief had earlier called on community leaders to work together to end the violence. the violence has erupted sporadically throughout a summer of sectarian tension in northern belfast.

question 22 is based on the following news. at the end of the news item you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. now listen to the news.

airlines are being hit with huge increases to ensure their planes after the terrorist attacks in the united states. goshork insurance holdings, which ensures aircraft around the world, said rates had soared as much as 10 fold since the september 11th terror attacks. airlines around the world have cut services and dismissed staff as their business has plunged in the wake of the crisis. they are also struggling with increased security costs.

questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. at the end of the news item you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. now listen to the news.

a pakistani lawyer said the resumption of the trial of eight foreign aid workers accused of preaching christianity in afghanistan has been put off until sunday. he had met earlier saturday with the aid workers, 2 americans, 2 australians, and 4 germans. they insist they were in afghanistan to help the poor, not to convert them. the penalty for these captured aid workers could range from expulsion to a jail term and death sentence.

question 25 is based on the following news. at the end of the news item you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. now listen to the news.

on the 20th anniversary of the first official report on aids, the head of the united nations aids program warns that the deadly disease may only be at its early stages in many parts of the world. dr. piu said the disease has already reached staggering proportions since first being identified in 1981. 58 million people worldwide have contracted the hiv virus, which causes aids, while 22 million have died from related illnesses. the un estimates the world's hiv positive population at 36 million, including 25 million in sub-saharan africa.

international officials warn the disease will have disastrous political, social, and economic consequences in many developing countries.

this is the end of listening comprehension.


part Ⅰ writing

section a composition

the importance of keeping a good mood

people in modern society live under a lot of pressure. i see three kinds of pressure working on people today: pressure from education, family and career. it is easy to blame the school for charging too much money, the family members for the heavy burden, the society for the fierce competition. i think people should relax. it is important for them to keep a good mood under whatever circumstances.

long gone are the days when people lived their life with a certain relaxation, sampling a wide variety of activities-film, music, art, poetry. but now, a lot of people suffer from a lot of pressure. they can't communicate well with co-workers and family members, and have unbalanced, one-dimensional lives. some people complain of symptoms of stress, for instance, loss of appetite, a complete sense of exhaustion, insomnia and low morale. thus have destructive effect on their health. people tend to lose temper easily, and this may interfere personal relationship. what's more, a high rate of suicide may warn people of their emotional well-being

to be a healthy person physically and psychologically, one should keep a good mood, according to some psychology experts. those little things may seem relatively insignificant-reading mystery novels, playing volleyball, spending time with family and friends, maintaining your emotional well-being, getting plenty of rest, going fishing. they can help you keep a good mood.??

section b note-writing

oct. 18, 2003

dear clare,

thank you for inviting me to your house-warming party this weekend. but i'm afraid i couldn't go there, because i have an important business appointment on that day. i saw some pictures of your new house, which is so cozy and comfortable. i sincerely hope that you have a good day.


gou ming

part iii listening comprehension

section a statement

1. 答案:d

【问句译文】 关于听者哪一句是不对的?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 只要听懂了这句话"don't work too hard, and do watch your drinking and smoking", 由此可以判断听者工作辛苦,既抽烟又喝酒。故选项d为正确答案。

2. 答案:c

【问句译文】 当讲话者听到这个消息,他感觉如何?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 只要听懂了关键词 "we were taken aback……", 意为"吃惊",这与选项c的意思一致。

3. 答案:c

【问句译文】 下一班长途汽车什么时候离站?

【试题分析】 本题为计算题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键词是 "it's 9:15.", "……wait for 5 minutes……" 意为现在9:15,下一班车等5分钟。由此可以判断下一班长途汽车9:20离站。

4. 答案:b

【问句译文】 讲话者认为简可能会?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 这句话的关键词是"but not washed-up...", 其中"washed up" 意为"不再有希望的,没有发展前途的",前面还有一句话 "no one knows what she might be doing now……"由此可以判断讲话者谈论简的事业还是有希望的。故b为正确答案。

5. 答案:c

【问句译文】 这句话是什么意思?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 只要听清 "i'm only too pleased to help you," 就得出选项c为正确答案。

6. 答案:b

【问句译文】 这句话隐含了什么意思?

【试题分析】 本题为推理题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键句 "with patched jackets and faded jeans that average people would save for mowing the lawn in his garden……". 字里行间隐藏的信息说明他的穿着不合适,故b为正确答案。

7. 答案:b

【问句译文】 讲话者是什么意思?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键句 "this is the last place in the world i would expect to find you." 由此可以判断讲话者没想到会在这儿找到他。

section b conversation

8. 答案:c

【问句译文】 两位说话者之间是什么关系?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 录音中女士抱怨腿发硬,男士说 "……side effect from the drugs i put you on." 意为可能是我给你开的药的副作用。可见两人是医生-病人关系。故选项c为正确答案。

9. 答案:a

【问句译文】 男士认为他的写作如何?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键词是 "difficult",男士说 "rest of it would be difficult to write" 意为余下的部分不好写,故选项a为正确答案。

10. 答案:d

【问句译文】 我们可以从对话中知道什么?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键句是 "cold is not serious enough for a visit a doctor." 意为感冒不至于如此严重,而要去看医生。故选项d为正确答案。

11. 答案:a

【问句译文】 男士以前假定什么?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键句是 "so you did go to that bookstore." 意为你确实去了书店。


12. 答案:a

【问句译文】 关于这次航班,我们知道什么?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键词是 "leave a little later" 由此断定,航班将有短期延误。故选项a为正确答案。

13. 答案:c

【问句译文】 男士对琳达的评价如何?

【试题分析】 本题为推理题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键句是"she doesn't hold any grudges","forget"。 意为"她没有怀恨在心";"忘记了"。由此可见,选项c"她是宽容的"为正确答案。"forgetful"意为健忘的;"considerate"意为体贴的,关心的;"careless"意为粗心的。

14. 答案:a

【问句译文】 女士是什么意思?

【试题分析】 本题为语气判断题。

【详细解答】 男士说下学期他要用心读书,女士回答"i'll see you in the library then",从女士的语气判断,她不相信男士能够做到。

15. 答案:a

【问句译文】 男士认为女士的服饰选择如何?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题

【详细解答】 本句关键句是"looks terrific on you", 意为女士的穿着很漂亮。

16. 答案:b

【问句译文】 为什么山姆拒绝了这份工作?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 本题的关键句是"to make ends meet"表明收支相抵,由此推断山姆拒绝这份工作是因为薪水不够高。

17. 答案:c

【问句译文】 男士的语气如何?

【试题分析】 本题为推理题。

【详细解答】 录音中女士说印刷商的速度太慢,今年不可能完成任务。男士说恐怕四年才行。本题的关键句是 "it is supposed to be good for four." 由此断定男士是持幽默的语气。

section c news broadcast

18. 答案:d

【问句译文】 这项联合国决议是有关什么的严格控制?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。?

【详细解答】 这篇新闻讲的是联合国采取措施,严格控制恐怖活动。新闻中讲到"……providing funds for terror activities…… "即严格控制提供恐怖活动的基金,由此可知,故选项d为正确答案。

19. 答案:b

【问句译文】 这项联合国决议明确地要求州政府做到什么?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 新闻中说"and it requires states to change its banking laws.",即要求州政府改变它的银行法规。revise意为"修改,改变",与这句话意思一致,故为正确答案。

20. 答案:d

【问句译文】 一共有多少人在这次暴力中受伤?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 新闻中说"……a woman was shot in the leg, 13 police officers were injured during the violence."一共有14人在这次暴力中受伤。只有d为正确内容。

21. 答案:c

【问句译文】 这次暴力持续了多长时间?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 解答本题的关键是听清"……throughout a summer of……."就可以选出正确答案c。

22. 答案:d

【问句译文】 在这次美国的恐怖袭击以后,保险费用上涨幅度为多大?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 这篇新闻讲的是美国 "9.11" 恐怖事件以后,保险费用幅度上涨,航空业所面临的危机。解答本题的关键是听清"……rates had soared as much as ten fold ……",就可知道保险费用幅度上涨了10倍。故选项d为正确答案。

23. 答案:c

【问句译文】 在阿富汗,为什么八名外援工人被捕?

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 这篇新闻讲的是在阿富汗,八名外援工人被指控传播宗教思想,以及他们将可能面临的刑罚。只要听清"……accused of preaching christianity……",即被指控传播宗教思想,所以c项是正确答案。

24. 答案:a

【问句译文】 下列哪一项不是他们将可能面临的刑罚??

【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

【详细解答】 新闻最后一句说"the penalty for these captured aid workers could range from expulsion to a jail term, and death sentence.",即"被抓的八名外援工人能面临的刑罚可能是驱逐出境、入狱或死刑。" 故选项a为正确答案。

25. 答案:b

【问句译文】 根据这篇报道,有多少爱滋病hiv阳性患者??

【试题分析】 本题为计算题。

【详细解答】 这篇新闻讲的是全世界爱滋病状况的严峻性。新闻中说"58 million people worldwide have contracted hiv virus which causes aids, while 22 million have died from related illness." 即全世界58,000,000 人患爱滋病,其中22,000,000死于爱滋病引起的相关疾病。可通过计算,得到这题的答案。如果听清 "the un estimated hiv positive population at 36 million,"联合国统计爱滋病hiv阳性患者达到36,000,000人。也能得到这题的答案。故选项b为正确答案。

part iv cloze

短文大意 :这篇短文介绍麦当劳薯条的发展及其成功之处。?

26. 答案:c

【试题分析】 本题为动词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 这句话是说"在厨房,土豆去皮切成条状煎炸。"scaled意为"刮(鱼)鳞"; stripped意为"脱衣;剥夺"; peeled意为"除掉(水果等)皮";sliced意为"将某物切成薄片"。故选项c为正确答案。

27. 答案:a

【试题分析】 本题为语法题,考查连词的用法。

【详细解答】 as后面可接从句,选项b、c、d后面只能接名词词组。此处需要连词,故选项a为正确答案。

28. 答案:b

【试题分析】 本题为动词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 ensure意为"确保、保证",后面可接从句;而ensue意为"因而发生,接着";enrich意为"使……富有";enable意为"使……能够", 选项a,c,d不能接从句,故选b。

29. 答案:a

【试题分析】 本题为动词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 这句话是说:麦当劳在1966年转向冷冻薯条的制作。switching to意为"改变";diverting from/to意为"转移";modifying 意为"修改";altering 意为"改动(强调事物本身大小、好坏的变化)"。故本题a最恰当。

30. 答案:d

【试题分析】 本题考查副词的用法

【详细解答】 本句译为:然而,这个变化在国家的农业和饮食上产生了深远的影响。still 意为"仍然";anyway 意为"无论如何";besides 意为"除……之外";nevertheless意为"然而"。根据上下文,此处需要转折关系的副词,故选项d为正确答案。

31. 答案:c

【试题分析】 本题考查名词的用法。

【详细解答】 brand意为"商标,商品的牌子";stuff意为"东西";commodity意为"商品,产品",故选项c为正确答案。

32. 答案:b?

【试题分析】 本题考查关系代词的用法。

【详细解答】 这是考查定语从句的`用法,"that"关系代词,指代前面的plants,而a、c、d均无此功能。

33. 答案:d

【试题分析】 本题考查介词的用法。

【详细解答】 介词"of"表示所属关系,本句译为:麦当劳的扩张和低成本、高产量薯条的普及改变了美国人的饮食方式。

34. 答案:a

【试题分析】 本题为副词用法辨析题。

【详细解答】 本句译为:薯条长期受到消费者、竞争者,甚至食品评论家的赞扬。根据上下文,正确答案为选项a 。

35. 答案:a

【试题分析】 本题为形容词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 distinctive意为"有特色的,与从不同的";distinct意为"清晰的,明白的";distinguished意为"卓越的,著名的";distinguishable意为"可区别的"。根据上下文可知选项a为正确答案。

36. 答案:b

【试题分析】 本题为动词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 possesses意为"拥有,占有";buys意为"购买";acquires意为"获得,取得";grows意为"种植"。本句意为:他们与众不同的口味,并不是源于麦当劳所购买的土豆,以及他们所拥有的技术。故选项b为正确答案。

37. 答案:c

【试题分析】 本题为形容词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 exact意为"确切的";identical意为"完全相同的,一模一样的",如:identical twins(同卵双胞胎);same意为"同样的";alike意为"相同的",但alike一般在句尾,不修饰名词。故c为正确答案。

38. 答案:d

【试题分析】 本题为名词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 woks意为"锅";pots意为"罐,壶";boilers意为"锅炉";fryers意为"油煎锅"。故选项d为正确答案。

39. 答案:d

【试题分析】 本题为副词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 这句话是说"薯条的口味在很大程度上取决于烹饪用的油。"adequately意为"足够地"; massively意为"巨大地";plentifully意为"丰富地";largely意为"在很大程度上",故选项d为正确答案。

40. 答案:a

【试题分析】 本题为名词词义辨析题。

【详细解答】 本句是说"这种混合油使得薯条有着与众不同的口味。"flavour意为"口味";fragrance意为"芳香,香气";smell意为"气味";perfume意为"香水",故a为正确答案。

part v grammar and vocabulary

41. 答案:d


【试题分析】 本题考查对非谓语动词的掌握。

【详细解答】 这是一个独立主格结构。wheat前用逗号,且没有连词,表示这一句起补充说明的作用,该空不能用动词的形式,则being为唯一之选。

42. 答案:a


【试题分析】 本题考查时态的用法。

【详细解答】 由句中时间状语"for some time now"可知,这里要用现在完成时;选项a为现在完成进行时,表示动作从过去某一时间一直持续到现在,故为正确答案。

43. 答案:c


【试题分析】 本题为语法题,考查关系代词的用法。

【详细解答】 这是一个定语从句,此处缺少一个关系代词。whose 指代前面的hills, whose magnificence表示它的壮丽景色。

44. 答案:b


【试题分析】 本题考查插入语的用法。

【详细解答】 did you say是一个插入语。比如说 who do you think is the best teacher i

n our school? 即你认为谁是我们学校最好的老师?

45. 答案:d


【试题分析】 本题考查连词的用法。

【详细解答】 这句话实际上是 (he likes hamburgers) so much so that he eats them almost every day. 连词"so that"如此……以致。

46. 答案:b


【试题分析】 本题考查对代词的掌握。

【详细解答】 只有hers可指代她的想法。而her, herself表示她自己。故b为正确答案。

47. 答案:a


【试题分析】 本题为语法题,考查对虚拟语气的掌握。

【详细解答】 在类似essential, necessary之类的形容词后面,句子的动词形式为 (should) 动词原形。故选项b不对。 而essential 后面一般跟to/for, 故a为正确答案。

48. 答案:b


【试题分析】 本题考查独立主格结构的用法。

【详细解答】 当从句的主语和主句的主语不一样时,且没有连词,从句的主语用独立主格结构。time permitting相当于if time is permitted. 故b为正确答案。

49. 答案:d


【试题分析】 本题考查连词的用法。