The term e-commerce refers to all commercial transactions conducted over the Internet, including transactions conducted over the Internet, including transactions by consumers and business-to-business transactions. Conceptually, e-commerce does not -67- from well-known commercial offerings such as banking by phone, "mail order" catalogs, or sending a purchase order to a supplier -68- fax. Ecommerce follows the same model -69- in other business transactions; the difference -70- in the details.

To a consumer, the most visible form of e-commerce consists -71-online ordering. A customer begins with a catalog of possible items, -72- an item, arranges a form of payment, and -73- an order. Instead of a physical catalog, e-commerce arranges for catalog to be -74- on

the Internet. Instead of sending an order on paper or by telephone, e-commerce arranges for orders to be send -75- a computer network. Finally, instead of sending a paper presentation of payment such as a check, e-commerce -76- one to send payment information electronically.

In the decade -77- 1993, e-commerce grew from an -78- novelty(新奇事物)to a mainstream business influence. In 1993, few -79- had a web page, and -80- a handful allowed one to order products or services online. The years-81-, both large and small businesses had web pages, and most -82-users with the opportunity to place an order. -83-, many banks added online access, -84- online banking and bill paying became -85-. More importantly, the value of goods and services -86- over the Internet grew dramatically after 1997.

67. a) distract b) descend c) differ d) derive

68. a) with b) via c) from d)off

69. a) appeared b) used c) resorted d) served

70. a) situates b) lies c) roots d) locates

71. a) on b) of c) for d) to

72. a) reflects b) detects c) protects d) selects

73. a) sends in b) puts out c) stands for d) carries away

74. a) visible b) responsible c) feasible d) sensible

75. a) beside b) over c) beyond d) up

76. a) appeals b) admits c) advocates d) allows

77. a) after b) behind c) until d) toward

78. a) optional b) invalid c) occasional d) insignificant

79. a) communities b) corps c) corporations d) compounds

80. a) largely b) slightly c) solely d) only

81. a) lately b) later c) late d) latter

82. a) offered b) convinced c) equipped d)provided

83. a) Instead b) Nevertheless c) However d) Besides

84. a) and b) or c) but d) though

85. a) different b) flexible c) widespread d) productive

86. a) acquired b) adapted c) practiced d) proceeded


67. B) differ

68. B) via

69. B) used

70. B) lies

71. B) of

72. D) selects

73. A) sends in

74. A) visible

75. C) beyond

76. D) allows

77. B) behind

78. D) insignificant

79. C) corporations

80. D) only

81. B) later

82. D) provided

83. D) besides

84. A) and

85. C) widespread

86. A) acquired


Older people must be given more chances to learn if they are to contribute to society rather than be a financial burden, according to a new study on population published today.

The current approach which __67__ on younger people and on skills for employment is not __68__ to meet the challenges of demographic(人口结构的) change, it says. Only 1% of the education budget is __69__ spent on the oldest third of the population.

The __70__ include the fact that most people can expect to spend a third of their lives in __71__, that there are now more people over 59 than under 16 and that 11.3 million people are __72__ state pension age.

"__73__ needs to continue throughout life. Our historic concentration of policy attention and resources __74__ young people cannot meet the new __75__," says the report's author, Professor Stephen McNair.

"The major __76__ of our education budget is spent on people below the age of 25. __77__ people are changing their jobs, __78__, partners and lifestyles more often than __79__, they need opportunities to learn at every age." __80__, some people are starting new careers in their 50s and later.

People need opportunities to make a "midlife review" to __81__ to the later stages of employed life, and to plan for the transition(过渡) __82__ retirement, which may now happen __83__ at any point from 50 to over 90, says McNair.

And there should be more money __84__ to support people in establishing a __85__ of identity and finding constructive __86__ for the "third age", the 20 or more years they will spend in healthy retired life.


67. A) operates B) focuses C) counts D) depends

68. A) superior B) regular C) essential D) adequate



68题考查搭配,be动词加形容词加to do。通过文章的阅读,发现此处的意思应该是“不能够”,结合选项的意思:superior(上层的),regular(常规的),essential(重要的),adequate(足够的)。正确选项为D) adequate。

67题考查动词。由于空格在定语从句中,所以先弄清楚定语从句的修饰限定关系。67题的实际主语是前面的手段approach,也就是说approach 67 on sth.,这说明解此题时我们要考虑两个线索,一是67能与形成搭配用法,二是67须是物可以发出的动作。那符合题意的只有B) focus,关注,集中。其它几个选项:operate on(给……做手术),count on(依靠,主语只能是人),depend on(取决于)。

69. A) currently B) barely C) anxiously D) heavily


69题考查副词。副词是修饰整个句子的,所以要结合本段的内容,本段都是在讲现状。再利用本句与上一句的重现关系,选项A) currently正好呼应了上一句的The current approach, 是为正确答案。

70. A) regulations B) obstacles C) challenges D) guidelines

71. A) enjoyment B) retirement C) stability D) inability

72. A) over B) after C) across D) beside



72题考查介词。解答时应注意其前的动词,和其后的名词,本题空格之前是Be动词,空格之后是退休年龄。结合前面两个并列的从句,意在表明老人多,那也就是72这里要说他们都超过退休的年龄,于是选择A) over。

71题考查名词。还是利用整体的并列关系,后面讲到的pension退休金的问题,于是B) retirement,退休为正确项。

70题考查名词。利用上下文的重现关系,就在上一段提到过“符合人口结构变化的挑战”,这里名词之前一个定冠词告诉我们此处讲的是上文提到的事情,于是选C) challenges。

73. A) Identifying B) Learning C) Instructing D) Practicing

74. A) at B) by C) in D) on

75. A) desires B) realms C) needs D) intentions

本句的意思是:“73需要持续终生。我们74年轻人的政策和资源的有历史意义的关注不能符合这个新的75,”报告的作者,Stephen McNair教授说。

75题考查名词。依然是利用对上文的重现,上一句讲到一种需要,那么这里直接就可以看到需求,也就是选项C) needs。

74题考查介词。本题有一个变相的考法,以往我们解介词题的时候都是找介词前的动词,后的名词来找线索,而此题新在考的是名词与介词的搭配,而这里考的名词与介词实质上也是动词和介词,正确答案是D) on。实际考查的是concentration与on的搭配。

73题考查名词。同样是利用对上文的重现,来源于遥远的第一段,属于对文章主旨的重现,第一段提到:老年人想要学习的机会。故此题正确答案为B) Learning。

76. A) measure B) ratio C) area D) portion


76题考查名词。观察一下空格之前的形容词,不难发现,此处想表达的是经费的大部分,故正确选项为D) portion。

77. A) When B) Until C) Whether D) Before

78. A) neighbors B) moods C) homes D) minds

79. A) ago B) ever C) previously D) formerly


79题考查副词。谈到改变,一定是现在与之前的比较,选B) ever。

78题考查名词。利用并列连词and,可知此处为并列关系,是把工作,伙伴,生活方式和空格放在一起并列。还要注意此处的名词须是能够被动词“change”改变的。故选C) homes。

77题考查连词。分析前后主从句的关系,再结合排除法。主从句不存在否定的含义,前后的分别,也不需要“是否”的说法。故正确答案为A) When。

80. A) For example B) By contrast C) In particular D) On average


80题,结合前文的引用的话,这里正好是对前文所讲的人们正在改变的一系列的情况的一个具体的例子,于是选择A) For example。

81. A) transform B) yield C) adjust D) suit

82. A) within B) from C) beyond D) to

83. A) unfairly B) unpredictably C) instantly D) indirectly


83题考查副词。通过本句的意思判断,是想说这个过渡随时可能发生,选项中符合题意的是B) unpredictably。

82题考查介词。结合本句的意思,是计划从中年到退休的过渡,表示这种方向的介词应选择D) to。

81题考查动词。依然需要理解本句的意思,最符合文章意思的是C) adjust,adjust to调节。

84. A) reliable B) considerable C) available D) feasible

85. A) sense B) conscience C) project D) definition

86. A) ranks B) assets C) ideals D) roles


86题考查名词。动词和形容词为此处的名词选择提供了线索,再加上之前的并列连词的提示,前面讲身份,后面应该讲“角色”,于是选择D) roles。

85题考查名词。结合前后的表达,确定一种身份的85。再结合排除法,四个选项中符合的为A) sense。

84题考查形容词。但这里的形容词的位置有点特殊,前有名词,后为介词,于是要想到,这里是形容词做后置定语的情况,换句话说就是有更多的84的钱,这样能获得更好的理解,也就更容易做出选择,我们需要的是更多的可随意支配的钱来对老年人的教育问题提供支持。于是正确答案为C) available。