Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Professor Kumar Bhatt, founder and head of Warwick Manufacturing Group(WMG), and Rob Meakin, a personnel director at Marconi, have developed a partnership to train engineers and managers to BEComee-literate. The New Knowledge Partnership will include a team of 40 Marconi managers in what Professor Bhatt calls electronic engineering management or E2. A wide range of engineering and non-engineering companies has expressed interest in these exciting programs.Professor Bhatt believes that e-commerce is changing the business environment to a huge extent. Many chief executives do not understand the power of the new technologies and, in some cases, are actually resisting change. He says that “As long as enough industry leaders realize its potential benefits, e-business will make possible a second productivity revolution in Britain. This could take the economy close to eliminating the still substantial competitiveness gap with its main rivals. Over the last five years in the US there has been a 30% improvement in manufacturing sector productivity because of information technology. In Britain we can achieve more than that and successful e-business will be worth billions to the UK economy.”Already Britain makes more use of computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) and management information technology systems than other European countries, and has a government that actively promotes e-business. But, observes Professor Bhatt, Britain has never used technology as a growth driver. “The thing about electronic engineering management is that you can keep your legacy systems; you just need to link those systems with an information engine. At the touch of a button it will allow project managers to see the status of a project, identify problems precisely and make virtually immediate decisions based on information that will be much more complete than in the past.”
The E2 program is the result of an alliance by the Warwick Manufacturing Group with America’s leading e-commerce study center,Carnegie Mellon. The latter will be responsible for training many of the Marconi managers in America, where the group has half its business. In Britain, Professor Bhatt has linked up with Sun Microsystems, Oracle and Parametric Technology, to set up amulti-million pound E2 design and manufacturing center at theuniversity which will be used for training and research.Professor Bhatt believes that e-commerce is changing business tosuch an extent that WMG is likely to be renamed Warwick ElectronicManufacturing Group. But, he warns “The move to globalize because ofe-commerce is racing ahead. Although the net allows British industryto overtake their European peers, it also offers Asian countries toleapfrog(相互超越) the West. For the first time it is not the privilegeof the western world because this technology is universal.”
21.Professor Bhatt and Rob Meakin have developed a method to___.
A) teach electronic engineering management
B) train employees to be acquainted with e-commerce
C) train employees to be engineers and managers
D) teach employees about developing a partnership
22.How does Professor Bhatt feel about many leaders in companies?
A) They do not understand a possible second productivity revolution in Britain.
B) They are excited about change.
C) They are ready for e-business.
D) They sometimes are against the change resulted from new technologies.
23.According to the passage, what do you know about e-business in Britain?
A)E-business has eliminated many competitive rivals.
B)E-business has done many benefits to big companies.
C)Many companies have joined in the E2 business program.
D) E-business has great potential and will make changes in the country.
24.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A) Britain can be competitive to US in the area of information technology.
B) Britain has already taken the advantages of running engineering management.
C) As with many other European countries, Britain has made use of computer-aided systems.
D) E-commerce has offered opportunities to European countries to eliminate the competitiveness gap with all the rivals.
25.WMG would like to change its name because ___.
A)Britain is going to catch up with all other European countries in the field of electronic engineering management
B)business has been influenced so much by e-commerce
C)the e-commerce has offered Asian countries the chance to overtake Britain and the rest of Europe
D)e-business is very popular and will become universal
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Emotional maturity means knowing that another person cannot fill up the hole in your heart. That is your responsibility. You need to love and affirm yourself day-by-day, moment-by-moment. That is the spiritual challenge of your life and everybody’s life. Without your love for yourself, nothing works. No amount of love from your partner is enough. The search for love from other people is like the alcoholic’s search for happiness in a bottle. The more he drinks, the less satisfied he feels and the more he wants to drink.
We are all addicted to falling in love. But after we’ve “fallen” a few times and broken our emotional bones, we hopefully wise up a bit. We know that the high of falling in love is not going to last. We know that sooner or later we will have to get real with each other. That is the difference between romance and partnership. Romance is an attempt to keep the addiction going. It has a very short half-life. Partnership is the dance of two ordinary people learning to live together day by day. It is a very challenging school that we enroll in. It is sometimes a lot more work than play. And it certainly requires a lot more psychological adjustment than years of therapy! We don’t just graduate from this school in a year or two. It takes many years, perhaps even a lifetime, for us to master the curriculum. Your partners are imperfect human beings, just like you. They were not the “wrong” partners any more than you were. Probably, they reflected your own level of realism and emotional maturity. That’s usually the way it works. So don’t waste your time thinking you simply made some bad choices. The only bad choice you made was forgetting who has the full time job loving you. I know that you know who this is !
We keep remembering that they are not perfect, nor we are. Love is not a game of perfection. It is a game of overwhelming imperfection.The amazing thing is that love survives all of our mistaken attempts to control our partners and our relationships.
26.We can conclude from the passage that___.
A) we won’t forget who has the full time loving us
B) love is addictive
C) love from your partner is not enough
D) love lies in the maturity of emotion which is essential to a partnership or relationship
27.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A) To seek for true love, one must be realistic.
B) As long as we are emotionally mature, we can always enjoy the high of falling in love.
C) Love doesn’t die even if we make wrong attempts to control our partners.
D) The more one is loved, the less satisfied he or she feels.
28.It can be inferred from the passage that___.
A) the more we try to control our partners and relationships, the better we can enjoy love
B) the more frequently we fall in love, the more intelligent we’ll be
C) the more emotionally mature a couple are, the more harmonious they will live
D) it’s unrealistic for you to search for true love from others
29.By saying “They were not the ‘wrong’ partners any more than you were.”(Para 3), the author means ___.
A) you chose the wrong partner just as your partner did
B) your partner was not as good as you were
C) you were good partners to each other
D) neither of you is a good partner
30.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A) Some people regret their choices of love partners.
B) In some partnership or relationship, he or she tries to control the other.
C) Through psychological adjustment and therapy, one will feel satisfied with love.
D) Partnership is a school from which it is not easy for us to graduate.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
What is terrorism?
In a growing number of conflicts around the world, one or both sides attempt to label the other as “terrorist” in an effort to win support for their own causes. Yet as the so-called “terrorists group” often proclaim, a clear distinction between a terrorist action and a non-terrorist military operation is frequently difficult to establish. Most governments argue that terrorism is defined by violent methods to achieve political ends which are undertaken by organizations not recognized by the world community as legitimate representatives of a nation; furthermore, random acts of violence, like attacks on school buses or shopping centers, are labeled as “terrorist”. Political organization as the IRA(Irish
Republican Army) and the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) have been dubbed(称为) “terrorists”, by the governments of England and Israel because of their tactics and their non-official statuses as representatives of accurately defined nations. In the case of the PLO, however, its election to power under Yasser Arafat has now confused its former recognition as terrorist. Even the IRA is earning status as an authentic opposition voice to the continued presence of British troops on Irish soil.All this simply highlights the problems of separating what is a legitimate political organization with “the right” to employ violence to achieve political ends from so-called terrorist groups. Inseparable from this issue is historical precedence(地位先后) and the degree of power and prestige an organization or nation has on the world stage. For example, while most independent observes would agree that the IRA setting off a bomb in a London subway station confirms its notoriety, they would be less certain that Israel’s recent bombing of a refugee camp is equally “terrorist”, despite the fact that many more innocent people were killed and injured in the latter incident than in the former. This raises the question, though certainly not for the first time, whether legitimate, even democratically elected, governments are also capable of terrorist action. Is there always a clear moral distinction between the behavior of normally respected nations and that of “rogue”(流氓) organizations? What does seem clear from these reflections is not that terrorist actions are in any way justified, but that the use of such labels is sometimes based on a political need rather than on superior moral or ethical grounds.
31.What is the point the article tries to make?
A) Non-official status of a political organization involves terrorist suspicion.
B) Terrorism defies clear-cut distinction.
C) Terrorist element exists in every violent conflict.
D) Government actions are never guilty of terrorism.
32.Which of the following could be concluded from the article?
A)An indisputable example of a terrorist group is PLO.
B)Actions to achieve political ends cannot avoid using force.
C)An acceptable criterion for terrorism is killing civilians.
D)International prestige is a justification for violence.
33.The classification of PLO is now less clear because___.
A) it begins to show friendly attitude towards Israel
B) it stands for an independent state in the Middle East
C) it is no longer engaged in random performance of violence
D) it is the elected political representative of the Palestine
34.It could be logically inferred from the article that____.
A) terrorism is not being defined on ethical criteria
B) defense actions committed on a foreign land is admissible
C) terrorism unavoidably involves immoral policies
D) democratic nations are innocent of terrorism
35.The author wrote this article to ___.
A) show sympathy to unrecognized national forces
B) condemn political motives in defining terrorism
C) justify the ambiguity in giving terrorism labels
D) call for better approaches to terrorism
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
It is curious how much one despises and condemns the vices which one does not happen to possess. I am indeed not a severe man, nor would I permit myself to become intolerant of those failings which I share with others. But, having no particular temptation to be untruthful, I find myself believing that when one comes to think of it, truth is the major virtue and lying the most blameworthy of all the vices.I should like, therefore, to get my mind a little clearer on the truth question. I flatter myself, as I have said, that I am a truthful man: a man who, when he tells a lie, is careful not to forget that he has done so, and who takes infinite precautions to prevent his being found out. This, in the end, is the only test by which you can distinguish the liar from the man of truth. The latter which is bothered by untruthfulness, is worried and anxious. The real liar, however, is merely amused: he doesn’t mind in the least even if he is subsequently exposed: he regards the truthful man as somewhat of a fool.
But this surely is one of the many false statements with which the real liar will try hard to idealize his failing. It may be inevitabe and even just to tell lies, but it cannot seriously be argued that such habits are intelligent. A lie is always an act of mental cowardice, whereas intelligence is brave. And yet there was Bismarck, and yet there was Napoleon-surely intelligent man, and surely liars. The problem, therefore, is not so simple as it seems. It was simple enough, in those old days, to define with approximate accuracy when a given statement ceased to be the truth and became a lie. The essential test was whether the maker of a false statement knew that he was saying something false, and consciously wished his audience to accept, and to remain under, this false impression. Life in civilized communities is a process of adjusting the personal to the social, of conforming the individual impression to the joint impressions of the common people. This process of adjustment leads inevitably and rightly to a certain unconscious deception. Absolute truth, whether unconscious or even conscious, is thus impossible. It is to relative truth only that we can hope to aspire.
36.The author suggests that it is usual that___.
A) a person shows strong disapproval of the vices an individual doesn’t have
B) everyone feels contempt for the vices that most people have
C) most people are unlikely to condemn the vices they possess
D) the vices one doesn’t possess are worthy of severe condemnation
37.The author claims that___.
A) he wouldn’t tolerate the vices that people have in common
B) he doesn’t feel particular contempt for being untruthful
C) one may be tempted to untruthfulness when one comes to think of it
D) untruthfulness is a serious fault of character which he condemns strongly
38.The essential distinction between a truthful person and a liar lies in the fact that ___.
A) the former feels uneasy about the untruths he happens to tell
B) the latter takes great care to hinder his untruths from being exposed
C) the former is willing to confess his untruthfulness when he tells a lie
D) the latter is only amazed if his untruths area disclosed
39.It is true，according to the text，real liars will___.
A) try hard to perfect their vices with false statements
B) believe it unavoidable and reasonable for everyone to tell lies
C) argue that their habits of telling lies are intelligent rather than foolish
D) are misunderstood as being either cowardly or brave individuals
40.In the author’s opinion,___.
A) bismarck and Napoleon were intelligent men of truth
B) in modern society, nobody can escape the risk of making a false statement, intentionally or unintentionally
C) untruthful man is worried about being found out
D) our civilized life makes conscious lies impossible
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Economic Development and Moral Decline. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your compositionon the outline (given in Chinese) below:
这是一篇议论文。Bhatt教授论述了电子商务对英国经济的重要性。以及他和Marconi公司人事主管Rob Meakin合作培训工程技术人员和经理电子工程管理(electronic engineering management or E2)课程(programs)以及信息技术给亚洲国家带来了赶超欧美国家的机会。
【详细解答】根据文章主旨以及第一段第一句后半部分：...have developed a partnership to train engineers and managers to become e-literate.可知本题正确答 案为B选项。A，C，D均断章取义，与原文不符。故均为错误答案。
【详细解答】根据文章第二段第二句：Many chief executives do not understand the power of the new technologies and, in some cases, are resisting change. 可知D选项符合作者对很多公司主管的看法。A选项张冠李戴，B，C选项明显与原文意思相反。故均为错误答案。
【详细解答】根据文章第二段第三句到段末：He says that “As long as enough industry leaders realize its potential benefits, e-business will make possible a second productivity revolution in Britain. ...to the UK economy”.可知D选项符合原文，故为正确答案。A，B，C选项信息并没有在原文中出现。故均为错误答案。
【详细解答】根据文章第二段后两句：Over the last five years in the US there has been a 30% improvement in manufacturing-sector productivity because of information technology. In Britain we can achieve more than that and successful e-business will be worth billions to the UK economy.可知选项A符合短文意思，所以A为正确答 案。B选项意思：英国已经利用了电子工程管理，与原文不符。C选项原文第三段第一句话：Already Britain makes more use of computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) and management information-technology systems than other European countries, and has a government that actively promotes e-business.不符。D选项与原文最后一段第三句：Although the net allows British industry to overtake their European peers, it also offers Asian countries to leapfrog the West. For the first time it is not the privilege of the western world because this technology is universal.”不符。故B，C，D均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文最后一段第一句话：Professor Bhatt believes that e-commerce is changing business to such an extent that WMG is likely to be renamed Warwick Electronic Manufacturing Group.可知B选项为正确答案。A选项与原文意思不符，C选项与原文意思一致，但不是WMG改名的原因，D选项也不是WMG改名的原因。故A，C，D均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】D选项符合全文中心：感情的成熟对正确认识并处理爱情和夫妻生活的重要性。因此D 选项是正确答 案。A，B，C选项明显与原文不符，故均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文最后一句话：The amazing thing is that love survives all of our mistaken attempts to control our partners and our relationships.可知C选项符合原文，因此C选项为正确答 案。A选项信息是无中生有，B选项信息明显与原文不符(原文：We know the high of falling in love is not going to last.)。D选项：一个人越被爱，他或她就越不满足。也是原文中所没有的信息。故A，B，D均为错误答案。
【详细解答】C选项最符合原文中心意思，因此为正确答 案。A选项意思在原文中并没有出现，B选项歪曲了原文第二段第二句：But after we’ve “fallen” a few times and broken our emotional bones, we hopefully wise up a bit.表达的意思。D选项意思也超出了原文。故A，B，D均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文第三段第一句Your partners are imperfect human beings, just like you.和最后一段，可知C选项符合原句意思。A，B，D明显与原文不符，故均为错误答案。
【详细解答】C选项曲解了原文第二段： And it certainly requires a lot more psychological adjustment than years of therapy! 因此不符合原文，故为本题正确答 案。A，B，D选项符合原文意思，故为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文第二段第二句：Yet as the so-called “terrorists group” often proclaim, a clear distinction between a terrorist action and a non-terrorist military operation is frequently difficult to establish. 以及原文其它信息可综合得知B选项：Terrorism defies clear cut distinction.是本题正确答 案。A：一个政治组织的非官方地位涉嫌为恐怖主义组织。C：在每一起暴力冲突中都存在恐怖主义因素。D：政府行为从不会犯恐怖主义错误。都与原文信息不符，故均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文所给关于IRA和PLO例子可知D选项：International prestige is a justification for violence.是正确答 案。A：一个不容置疑的恐怖主义组织例子就是巴解组织。B：达到政治目的的行动无法避免使用武力。C：人们所接受的定义恐怖组织的一个标准就是屠杀平民。 都与原文信息不符，故均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文第二段倒数第二句话：In the case of the PLO, however, its election to power under Yasser Arafat has now confused its former recognition as terrorist.可知D为正确答 案。A：开始对以色列表现友好态度。B：在中东地区代表了一个独立国家。C：不在牵涉进无节制的暴力行动中。都与原文信息不符，故均为错误答案。
【详细解答】根据原文最后一句话：What does seem clear from these reflections is not that terrorist actions are in any way justified, but that the use of such labels is sometimes based on a political need rather than on superior moral or ethical grounds. 可知A为正确答 案。B：允许在别的国家进行自卫行动。C：恐怖主义不可避免地都要牵涉到不道德的政策。D：民主国家不会犯恐怖主义活动罪。都与原文信息不符，故均为错误答案。
【详细解答】根据原文第一句：It is curious how much one despises and condemns the vices which one does not happen to possess. 可知本题正确答 案为C。A，B，D选项意思明显与原文意思不符，故均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文第一段最后一句： But, having no particular temptation to be untruthful, I find myself believing that when one comes to think of it, truth is the major virtue and lying the most blameworthy of all the vices. 可知本题正确答案为D。A：他不会容忍人们共有的恶习。B：他并不觉得特别鄙视不诚实。C：人想到说谎时就可能诱使说谎。都与原文信息不符，故均为错误答案。
【详细解答】根据原文第二段后两句：The latter with is bothered by untruthfulness, is worried and anxious. The real liar, however, is merely amused: he doesn’t mind in the least even if he is subsequently exposed: he regards the truthful man as somewhat of a fool. 可知A为正确答 案。B：说谎的人很小心防止他的谎言被揭露。C：诚实的人很乐意承认他的假话当他说谎的时候。D：说谎的人只有在他的谎言被揭穿后才感到震惊。都与原文信 息不符，故均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文第三段第一句话：But this surely is one of the many false statements with which the real liar will try to idealize his failing. 可知A为正确答案。B：他们认为人人都无法避免撒谎，并且撒谎有理。C：他们辩解说他们的撒谎习惯是聪明的而不是愚蠢的。D：他们被误解为要么是胆小鬼要么是勇士。都与 原文不符，故均为错误答 案。
【详细解答】根据原文最后一段最后两句：This process of adjustment leads inevitably and rightly to a certain unconscious deception. Absolute truth, whether unconscious or even conscious, is thus impossible. It is to relative truth only that we can hope to aspire. 可知B为正确答 案。A：俾斯麦和拿破仑都是既聪明又诚实的人。C：不诚实的人怕被发现而担忧。D：文明社会生活使得有意撒谎成为不可能， 都与原文信息不符，故均为错误 答 案。
Part Ⅳ 写作指导
这是一篇要求考生就经济发展和道德堕落这一社会现实进行论述的议论文. 全文分三个部分. 第一段是引言: 引入主题和主题句.第二段是正文部分: 指出道德堕落的社会现实现象. 第三段结论部分: 总结全文, 提出解决问题的办法。
Economic Development and Moral Decline These years, the economy in China is advancing by leaps and bounds.With this swift development, people’s life is better off and they get much more money to spend. But it’s human nature that they want to get even more. Money worship is sweeping across the whole country. With the popular misconception that money is everything, many immoral social phenomena have emerged. One of them is moral decline.
Leaving the theft, robbery aside, corrupt conducts are getting more rampant. For instance, offering and taking bribes is becoming increasingly a social malady in the privileged class. For businessmen, they have a different morality which permits them to willfully produce ineffective or even dangerous products, advertise their products dishonestly. For some richest persons, they get confused about their life. They are occupied with nothing all day long and don’t know how to make themselves more satisfied, as a result they take drugs, among many other unlawful practices, to seek fun. They have money, but they have lost their aim in life and can’t find happiness.
Am I suggesting that we should discard all the money and go back to the “poor days”? No! the wheel of history can’t be stopped. But if moral decline is the inevitable product of the economic development, we can certainly lay down some effective laws to stop the degeneration. If so, a bright and healthy future is sure to come and stay with us!
credit: 功劳，荣誉， 赞扬;信用，信贷，赊欠。
carry off: 赢得(奖章),成功或轻而易举地处理或应付。
touch on: 关系到，涉及;(简单或顺便)谈到或提到。
be attributed to: 归因于。
be dedicated to: 把(时间，精力等)用于，把(自己，一生等)献给(后跟to)。