Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Some radio singals were heard in 1967.They were coming from a point in the sky where there was unknown star.They were coming very regularly,too:about once a second,if they were controlled by clock.
The scientists who heard the signals did not tell anybody else.They were rather afraid to tell in case they frightened people.The signals were coming from a very small body—no bigger,perhaps than the earth.Was that why no light could be seen from it?Or were the signals coming from a planet that belonged to some other star? There was no end to the questions,but the scientists kept the news secret.“Perhaps there are intelligent beings out there.”they thought,“who are trying to send messages to other planets,or to us?So the news was not given to the newspaper.Instead,the scientists studied the signals and searched for others like them...Well,all that happened in 1967 and 1968.Since then scientists have learnt more about those strange,regular,radio signals.And they have told the story,of course.
The signals do not come from a planet;they come from a new kind of star called a “pulsar””.About a hundred other pulsars have now been found,and most of them are very like the first one.
Pulsars are strong radio stars.They are the smallest but the heaviest stars we know at present.A handful of pulsar would weigh a few thousand tons.Their light—if they give much light—is too small for us to see.But we can be sure of this,no intelligent beings are living on them.
21. The radio signals discussed in this passage____.
A.were regular B.were controlled by a clock
C.were heard in 1967 only D.were secret messages
22. The radio singals were sent by____.
A.a satellite B.a planet
C.a sky body which was unknown at that time
D.intelligent beings who were unknown at that time
23. The scientists did not tell people about the signals because____.
A.the singals stood for secret messages
B.people would ask them too many questions
C.they did not want to frighten people
D.they stood for unimportant messages
24. A pulsar is____.
A. a small heavy star which sends out strong radio signals and cannot be seen
B. a small heavy planet which sends out strong radio signals and cannot be seen
C. a small heavy satellite which sends out strong radio signals and cannot be seen
D. a small intelligent being who sends out strong radio signals and cannot be seen
25. Which of the following is true?
A.One of the pulsars found by scientists sends radio signals.
B.Pulsar began to send radio singals in 1967.
C.Scientists have searched for pulsars for many years but found none.
D.Scientists have found many pulsars since 1967. rn life and ancient life.
27. “one out of seven” refers to____.
A.more than a third of the lands' earth
B.the percentage of the earth's land that is desert-like
C.the number of people who live in dry regions
D.a day of a week
28. In paragraph 2,“they are taken to the greener lands in the south.”They refers to____.
A.the Sahel farm land B.the farmers
C.the cattles D.the trees
29. How many ideas for saving the land are described?
30. Which of the following statements is true, according to the passage?
A.The earth's desert are slowly spreading.
B.One out of 10 people lives in dry regions.
C.Their life in the desert is threatened now by traditional problems.
D.New water wells can solve the problem in Africa's desert.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Telephone, television, radio, and telegraph all help people communicate with each other. Because of these devices, ideas and news of events spread quickly all over the world. For example, within seconds, people can know the results of an election in another country. An international football match comes into the homes of everyone with a television set.News of a disaster such as an earthquake or a flood can bring help from distant countries within hours, help is on the way. Because of modern technology like the satellites that travel around the world, information travels fast.
How has this speed of communication changed the world? To many people,the world has become smaller. Of course this does not mean that the world is actually physically smaller. It means that the world seems smaller. Two hundred years ago,communication between the continents took a long time. All news was carried on ships that took weeks or even months to cross the ocean. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries,it took six weeks for news from Europe to reach America.This time difference influenced people's actions. For example, one battle, or fight, in the War of 1812 between England and the United States could have been avoided. A peace agreement had already been signed. Peace was made in England, but the news of peace took six weeks to reach America. During these six weeks, the large and serious Battle of New Orleans was fought. Many people lost their lives after a peace treaty had been signed.They would not have died if news had come in time.In the past,communication took much time than it does now.
There was a good reason why the world seemed so much larger than it does today.
31. News spreads fast because of____.
A.modern transportation B.new technology
C.the change of the world D.a peace agreement
32. According to this passage,____is very important to people in a disaster area.
A.fast communication B.modern technology
C.latest news D.new ideas
33. Which of the following statements is true?
A.The world now seems smaller because of faster communication.
B.The world is actually smaller today.
C.The world is changing its size.
D. The distance between England and America has changed since the War of 1812
34. Two hundred years ago,news between the continents was carried____.
A.by telephone and telegraph B.by land
C.by air D.by sea
35. The New Orleans Battle could have been avoided if the peace agreement had been signed____.
A.by both sides B.in time
C.in America D.in England
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
The concept of personal choice in relation to health behaviors is an important one.An estimated 90 percent of all illnesses may be preventable if individuals would make sound personal health choices based upon current medical knowledge.
We all enjoy our freedom of choice and do not like to see it restricted when it is within the legal and moral boundaries of society.[ZZ)]The structure of American society allows us to make almost all our own personal decisions that may concern our health.If we so desire,we can smoke,drink excessively, refuse to wear seat belts,eat whatever foods we want,and live a completely sedentary life-style without any excuse.The freedom to make such personal decisions is a fundamental aspect of our society,although the wisdom of these decisions can be questioned.Personal choices relative to health often cause a difficulty.As one example,a teenager may know the facts relative to smoking cigarettes and health but may be pressured by friends into believing it is the socially accepted thing to do. A multitude of factors,both inherited and environmental,influence the development of health related behaviors,and it is beyond the scope of this text to discuss all these factors as they may affect any given individual.However,the decision to adopt a particular health-related behavior is usually one of personal choices.
There are healthy choices and there are unhealthy choices.In discussing the moral of personal choice,Fries and Crapo drew a comparison.[ZZ(Z]They suggest that to knowingly give oneself over to a behavior that has a statistical probability of shortening life is similar to attempting suicide.[ZZ)]Thus,for those individuals who are interested in preserving both the quality and quantity of life,personal health choices should reflect those behaviors that are associated with statistical probability of increased vitality and longevity.
36. The concept of personal choice concerning health is important because____.
A.personal health choices help cure most illnesses
B.it helps raise the level of our medical knowledge
C.it is essential to personal freedom in American society
D.wrong decisions could head to poor health
37. To “live a completely sedentary lifestyle”(Para. 1) in the passage means____.”
A.to live an inactive life B.to live a decent life
C.to live a life with complete freedom
D.to live a life of vice
38. Sound personal health choice is often difficult to make because____.
A.current medical knowledge is still insufficient
B.there are many factors influencing our decisions
C.few people are willing to trade the quality of life for longevity
D.people are usually influenced by the behavior of their friends
39. To knowingly allow oneself to pursue unhealthy habits is compared by Fries and Crapo to____.
A.improving the quality of one's life
B.limiting one's personal health choice
C.deliberately ending one's life
D.breaking the rules of social behavior
40. According to Fries and Crapo sound health choices should be based on____.
A.personal decisions B.laws of society
C.statistical evidence D.opinions of friends
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition with the title ON Friendship.Your composition should be no less than 120 words.Remember to write your composition neatly.You should also base your composition on the outline below.
1.The need for friends
3.My principle in making friends
21. 答案A。【参考译文】 文中讨论到的电磁信号……【试题分析】 此题考查考生“辨认事实”的能力。【详细解答】见原文第一段，“They were coming very regularly,too.”他们同样非常有规律，与 A)项同意。B)were controlled by a clock.由时钟控制，原文前面有一表示“似乎的”连词 if。C)，D)根据下文判断都不正确。
22. 答案C。【参考译文】 这些电磁信号来自于……【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推断”的能力。【详细解答】 见原文第三段“...they come from a new kind of star called a “pulsar””他们来自一种叫脉冲星的新型恒星。 A) a satellite卫星，B)a planet行星，D)当时未知的智能生命。
23. 答案C。【参考译文】 科学家们没有把有关电磁信号的事情告诉人们是因为……【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
【详细解答】 见原文第二段开头“ The scientists who heard the singals did not tell anybody else.They were rather afraid to tell in case they frightened people.”听到该信号的科学家未告诉别人，他们害怕这样会惊吓了老百姓。因此选择 C。
24. 答案A。【参考译文】 脉冲星是……【试题分析】 此题考查考生“辨认事实”的能力。【详细解答】见原文第四段，实际由“star”这个单词就可排除B)，C)和D)选项。
25. 答案D。【参考译文】 以下说法，哪一个是正确的?【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推理”的能力。【详细解答】 见原文第三段最后一句“About a hundred other pulsars have now been found...”因此D)项正确，其他各项均与原文意思不符。
本文主要讨论的是沙漠扩张的问题。人们赖以生存的降雨及植被在不断减少，地球上 40%的土地已成了沙漠或已沙漠化， 1/7的人口生活在干旱地区，以及现代生活造成的一些问题使人类生存日益受到沙漠扩张的威胁。虽然科学家还未能彻底了解沙漠问题，但是一些保护土地的措施已被采用，人们在与沙漠抗争。
26. 答案A。【参考译文】 本文主要谈论的是什么?【试题分析】 此题考查考生“把握文章主旨及大意”的能力。
【详细解答】 全文主要阐述了沙漠扩散带来的水源缺乏的问题，以及人们采取的措施。 A)符合该中心思想;B)，C)和D)虽在文中提到过但作为主要思想，过于片面。
27. 答案C。【参考译文】 1/7指的是……【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
【详细解答】 见原文第一段第三句“ About 628 million people -one out of seven-live in these dry regions.”大约628，000，000(约为1/7)的人住在这些干旱地区。C)项符合所指代的内容，为正确答案。
28. 答案C。【参考译文】 在第二段中，“他们被送往南方的绿草地”，他们指的是……【试题分析】此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
【详细解答】 见原文最后一句“ Some Sahel farmers still raise cattle on their poor farm land,but before the cattle are sold,they are taken to greener lands in the south to get fat”一些Sahel农民在他们贫瘠的农场上仍然饲养着牛群，但在把他们卖出之前，往往要送到南方多草的土地上以增肥。 they指代前面的the cattle。因此C为正确选项。
29. 答案D。【参考译文】 文中描述了几种保护土地的创意?【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推断”的能力。【详细解答】 见原文第二段“...but there have been many ideas for saving the land.”但已有了许多保护土地的创意。以下各句即为例证，确定其数目为 3，因此D为正确选项。
30. 答案A。【参考译文】 根据短文，以下说法，哪个是正确的?【试题分析】 此题考查考生“辨认事实”的能力。【详细解答】见原文第一段最后一句“Now largely through problems caused by modern life,their existence is threatened by the slow,steady spread of the earth's deserts.”现在由于现代生活产生的一些问题，他们生存日益受到地球沙漠逐步缓慢扩散的威胁。因此A为正确选择。B)中正确数目应为one out of seven,C)应是modern problems，D)文中未提及。
本文主要讨论了现代通信的发展给世界带来的巨大变化。如今电话，电视，收音机和电报使人们可以相互交流，由于这些手段的运用，新闻事件传递得更 快。通信的加快是如何改变了这个世界的呢 ?对很多人来说世界变小了，当然这并非指世界真的变小了，而是指通信的加快使得人们之间的交流更方便，人们之间的距离似乎变小了。
31. 答案B。【参考译文】 新闻传递得更快了是因为……【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。【详细解答】 见原文第一段最后一句，“Because of modern technology like the satellite that travel around the world,information travels fast.”因此B)为正确选项。
32. 答案A。【参考译文】 根据短文，……对灾区的人民至关重要。【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推断”的能力。【详细解答】 见原文第一段“News of a disaster such as an earthquake or a flood can bring help from distant countries within hours,help is on the way”因此A快速通信为正确答案。C)最近，最新新闻并不全面。B)现代技术，D)新观念。
33. 答案A。【参考译文】 以下说法，哪个是正确的?【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
【详细解答】 见原文第二段“ ...To many people,the world has become smaller...”对许多人来说，地球变得更小了。这当然不是地球本身变小了，而是因为通信交流加快。因此A)为正确的阐述。
34. 答案D。【参考译文】 200年前，各大洲之间的消息是通过……传递的。【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
【详细解答】 见原文第二段“ ...Two hundred years ago,communication between the continents took a long time.All news was carried on ships that...”二百年前，大陆之间的信息传递耗时很长。所有的消息都是通过海上传递的…。D)by sea符合该意，因此为正确答案。
35. 答案C。【参考译文】新奥尔良战争是可以避免的，假如和平协议……签署的话。【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。【详细解答】 见原文第二段“Peace was made in England,but the news of peace took six weeks to reach America...”和平协议在英格兰签署，但该消息直到六个星期以后才传到美国。因此可以排除选项A)、B)和D)
36. 答案D。【参考译文】 个人健康行为选择很重要是因为……【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推理”的能力。【详细解答】 见原文前两句，“The concept of personal choice in relation to health behavior is an important one.An estimated 90 percent of all illnesses may be preventable if...”正确选择健康行为的观念非常重要。据估计，90%的疾病是可以避免的，假如……。因此 D)为正确选项。
37. 答案A。【参考译文】 文章中提到的“过一种完全是案牍的生活”指的是……【试题分析】此题考查考生“根据上下文推测词义”的能力。
【详细解答】 见原文第一段“ ...and live a completely sedentary life-style without any exercise.”采取一种整天坐着而无运动的生活方式。A)to live an inactive life.符合该意，为正确答案。
38. 答案B。【参考译文】 健康的行为选择难以做出是因为……【试题分析】 此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
【详细解答】 见原文第二段开头，“ A multitude of factors influence the development of health-related behavior, and it is beyond the scope of this text to discuss...”该句说明影响人们选择健康行为方式的因素诸多。因此B为正确选项。
39. 答案C。【参考译文】 有意地选择不健康行为习惯被Fries和Crapo比作……【试题分析】此题考查考生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。
【详细解答】 见原文第二段“ ...knowingly give oneself over to a behavior that has a statistical probability of shortening life is similar to attempting suicide.”明知某一行为有统计的缩短寿命的可能而这么做无异于自杀。 C)项deliberately ending one's life即为自杀，为正确选项。
40. 答案C。【参考译文】 根据Fries和Crapo的观点，健康的行为选择应以……为依据。【试题分析】 此题考查考生“根据已知信息进行推理”的能力。【详细解答】 见原文最后一句“...personal health choices should reflect those behaviors that are associated with statistical probability of increased vitality and longevity.”人们应选择那些根据统计可增强活力增加寿命的行为方式。因此C)statistical evidence统计数据为正确答案。
Part Ⅳ 写作指导
这是一篇议论文，要求根据提纲来展开论述。论述时应层次分明，先论述生活中缺少不了朋友，然后再论述什么才是真正的朋友，并在此基础上阐明自己 交友的原则。随着社会的发展，社会节奏的加快，人与人之间的关系反而淡漠了。每个人身上都或多或少反映着某种心理疾病，人们渴望交友。在范文中，第一段先阐明在社会交往中离不开朋友，再分别从两个方面指出遇到困难时可以从朋友那儿得到帮助;高兴，娱乐时可以和朋友分享。通过 first,secondly加强文章的逻辑性。第二段在论述什么是真正朋友时引用成语“患难见真交”，使其更具说服力。最后一段表明自己的交友态度，总 结全文。
As a human being,one can hardly do without a friend.Society is made up of individuals,and making friends is a very important part in our life.Friends can give you a lot.First,if you have trouble with some problems,you can consult your good friends and exchange opinions.Thus,you will feel comfortable and encouraged.Secondly,if you wish to do some physical exercises,such as playing table tennis,you could play with friends and have a good time.
But what is true friendship?Some people think friends are people whom they can play with.In my opinion,a friend in need is a friend indeed.True friendship can encourage you when you are in difficulties.A true friend not only shares with you
your joy and happiness but also your trouble and anxiety.When you need him,he will give you a hand and spare no efforts.
As far as I'm concerned,I wish to make as many friends as possible.The world is a big family,and we will feel relaxed in a friendly atmosphere.I wish some day we can all be friends.