On this side of the Huangpu, the eclectic old buildings speak to us of China’s history. On the opposite bank, the towering skyscrapers of Pudong say much about its future. More than that, the Bund itself is testament to the deep historical roots of the UK’s trading links with China. The Custom House clock, the international symbol of Shanghai, was made in Shropshire; its bells were cast in Leicestershire.
Jazz is so much more than music: it is a lifestyle and a tool for dialogue, even social change. The history of jazz tells of the power of music to bring together artists from different cultures and backgrounds, as a driver of integration and mutual respect. Through jazz, millions of people have sung and still sing today their desire for freedom, tolerance and human dignity.
UNESCO established International Jazz Day to promote these values. This year, once again, hundreds of events and concerts will be organized worldwide, by authorities, music schools and concert halls. The main event will take place this year in Japan – in Osaka, a city where jazz draws strength from a tradition that dates back to the 1920s, and which has kept its energy vibrant up to the present day.
As China expands and hundreds of millions of Chinese become richer, they will want the products in which Britain excels – Jaguar Land Rover cars, Burberry fashion, top quality entertainment including television and film. And we’re proving that we’re well-matched economic partners with the business deals being done today, from Jaguar Land Rover’s £4.5 billion of new sales to small companies with pioneering technology.
Modern Water has landed contracts worth an anticipated £20 million. One of Britain’s best museums, the V&A, is undertaking to develop a new museum in Shenzhen. As governments, we’re building the environment for our businesses to flourish in the long-term, with new agreements on investments and patents, a new £200 million joint research fund, which will boost innovation, and a digital alliance which could unleash £2 billion of investment.
Now I’ve also had the opportunity in my philanthropic work to meet people who apply their talents and passion in giving back grace. Many of these people are impatient to see the world to improve their optimist will. People who believe in the possibility of change and are eager to do something about it. Doctors courageous enough to risk their own lives to save the lives of others suffering from Ebola.
Entrepreneurs use their ingenuity to deliver life-saving drugs to remote villages by drone. People of all walks of life volunteer their time to help the homeless. Maybe you want to develop the next vaccine that protects everyone from malaria, design the battery that lights people’s desks at night, or the mobile technology that will allow people to start new businesses. No matter what your ambition is, this is the best time to do it.
I’m not worried about artificial intelligence giving computers the ability to think like humans. I’m more concerned about people thinking like computers without values or compassion, without concern for consequences. That is what we need you to help us guard against. Because if science is a search in the darkness, then the humanities are a candle that shows us where we’ve been and the danger that lies ahead.
As Steve once said, technology alone is not enough. It is technology married with the liberal arts, married with the humanities that make our hearts sing. When you keep people at the center of what you do, it can have an enormous impact. It means an iPhone that allows the blind person to run a marathon. It means technology infused with your values, making progress possible for everyone.
Bob Dylan, born in May 1941 in Minnesota, is an American singer-songwriter, author, poet and disc jockey, who has been a major figure in popular music for nearly five decades. Much of Dylan’s most celebrated work dates from the 1960s. A number of his songs, such as Blowing in the Wind and A Hard Rain’s Gonna Fall, became anthems of the anti-war and civil rights movements.
Dylan’s early lyrics incorporated politics, social commentary, philosophy and literary influences, defying existing pop music conventions and appealing widely to the counterculture. While expanding and personalizing musical styles, he has shown steadfast devotion to many traditions of American song, from folk, blues and country to gospel, rock and roll and even jazz and swing.
The oldest Irish literature consists of stories and poems about ancient kings and heroes, which were transmitted orally in Irish. The written literature did not begin until Christian missionaries arrived in the 5th century AD and introduced the Roman alphabet, which was then adapted to the Irish language. Anglo-Irish writers dominated Irish literature during the 17th and 18th centuries.
But by the 19th century, the Irish wanted to revive Gaelic culture and the Irish language. These movements linked literature with the cause of Irish political and cultural independence from Britain. Modern Irish literature is characterized by wit and humor, often in the form of satire or irony. Another defining feature has been an exploration of the riches of language and an enjoyment of wordplay.
“The Renaissance” movement first started in Italy during the 14th century. The intellectual wisdom of ancient Greece and Rome encouraged a rebirth of human spirit, a realization of human potential for development and creation. Never before in human history were men and women so eager to create and discover something new. In Italy, a group of artists, scientists, politicians, and writers created the most brilliant page of culture and science in Europe.
British poetry, drama and prose, are greatly developed during the Renaissance. England as an insular country followed a course of social and political history, which was largely independent of the course of history elsewhere in Europe. Owing to the great genius of the 14th century poet Chaucer, the native literature was sufficiently vigorous and experienced in assimilating foreign influences without being subjected by them.
The Maya were believed to be one of the most intelligent of the ancient cultures. They seemed to be excellent farmers. They cultivated maize, beans, and chili peppers, and also cash crops of cotton and cacao. This cannot have been easy, as the climate was inhospitable. They also built their settlements next to natural watering holes. The Maya devised a complex style of hieroglyphic writing that has yet to be fully deciphered.
The Maya knew lots about science, math and astrology. They used math and astronomy to predict eclipses and other heavenly events with great precision and formulated a unique calendar system more exact than the one we use today. Maya culture dates back to 1500 BC. No one was sure how this wonderful civilization fell. It could be insufficient food supply, earthquakes, pestilence, invasion or internal rebellion.