本文选自吴应时的《应时新概念英语4》,是学习新概念英语第四册的辅助学习笔记,提供知识点精讲及解析,想知道具体都有哪些内容,那就一起来看看吧。

第一段语法符号详解:

1. the influence has been neglected.

简单句,主谓结构.

2. Modern industry is based on the conception…

复合句,主句主谓宾结构,in order that 引导目的状语从句,为主谓结构.

3. It has expanded…who…

复合句,主句为主谓结构,后面跟了 who 引导的定语从句,为主谓宾结构. and 前后各有一个 without 短语作伴随状语,属于并列结构.

4. The great cities have been built…

简单句,主谓结构.

5. The shape and dimensions depend on the necessity…that…

复合句,主句为主谓宾结构,最后有一个 that 引导的定语从句,为主谓宾结构.

6. This caused the construction…where…

复合句,主句为主谓宾结构,后面 where 引导的定语从句为主谓结构.

7. Civilized men like a way.

简单句,主谓宾结构.

8. While…, they do not realize that…

复合句,主句为主谓+宾语从句结构,最前面是 while 引导的时间状语从句,主谓宾结构,后面 that 引导的宾语从句亦为主谓宾结构.

9. The modern city consists of edifices and of dark, narrow streets…

并列句,均为主谓宾结构,第二句省略了主语和部分谓语.

本句教材编者有所改动,美式的一些表达更改为了英式,原著为:The modern city consists of monstrous edifices and of dark, narrow streets full of gasoline fumes, coal dust, and toxic gases, torn by the noise of the taxicabs, trucks, and trolleys, and thronged ceaselessly by great crowds.

10. it has not been planned…

简单句,主谓结构.