本文选自吴应时的《应时新概念英语4》,是学习新概念英语第四册的辅助学习笔记,提供知识点精讲及解析,想知道具体都有哪些内容,那就一起来看看吧。

第一段语法符号讲解

1. officials claim Chickens are not fit to grace tables…

复合句,主句为主谓+宾语从句结构,宾语从句中的主语被提前了,谓语宾语则在后面. 还原为 officials claim in Brussels that chickens are not fit to grace tables.

2. the Americans say no, our…

复合句,主句为主谓+宾语从句结构,宾语从句中的否定词提前了,后面是完整的宾语从句,主系表结构,以及主谓宾结构.

3. differences put sand in the wheels of trade…

简单强调句,主句为强调句结构,主谓宾结构. 后面不是 that 引导的定语从句,因that 不充当句子成分.

4. farmers are complaining.

简单强调句,主谓结构.

5. razor must be approved and machine needs the EU’s okay.

并列复合句,5-1 句,主谓结构,that 引导的定语从句修饰主语 razor,为主谓宾结构,后面跟一个 before 引导的时间状语从句,主谓结构.

5-2 句,主句主谓宾结构,同样跟了一个 before 引导的时间状语从句,主谓宾结构.

 

 

第二段语法符号讲解

1. it happens, a razor that is unlikely to electrocute Americans.

复合句,主句为主谓宾结构,that 引导的定语从句修饰主语,为主系表结构,句首有一个 as 引导的非限制性定语从句. (2.2.1)

这里的翻译,想表达的意思是欧洲生产的电动剃须刀出口到美国,也不会有问题,那么这里的美国人,其实质已经是在美国的使用者了.

2. businesses ask why (we) have…

复合句,主句为主谓+宾语从句结构,why 引导宾语从句,省略了主语 we,应为why we have,后面有一个 where 引导的地点状语从句,为主谓结构.

3. Politicians agree…America and the EU have been trying to reach a deal which would eliminate the need…

并列复合句,首句为主谓结构,后面是 so 作连词,第二个句子为主谓宾结构,which 引导定语从句修饰 deal,该从句为主谓宾结构.

4. They hope to finish…

简单句,主谓宾结构.

 

5. Although…the details are complex enough…

复合句,主句为主系表结构,这里 enough 的作用,即 so,可以看作 the details are so complex that they may be…所以后面是 that 引导的结果状语从句,该从句为主系表结.

句首 although 引导的让步状语从句为主系表结构.

 

第三段语法符号讲解

 

1. why.

Why 后面省略了 may they be hard-pressed to get a deal at all.

2. One difficulty is to construct…

简单句,主系表结构,动词不定式作表语.

3. The Americans would reach one accord and hammer out pacts…

并列句,and 连接的两个句子均为主谓宾结构.

4. The EU wants agreement which…

复合句,主句为主谓宾结构,后面跟一个 which 连接的定语从句,该从句为并列句,均为主谓宾结构.

continental traditions 大陆传统指欧洲大陆传统.