Peony flowers are colourful and elegant, symbolizing peace and prosperity; so they are called ‘the king of flowers’ in China. For thousands of years, a large number of poems and paintings have been created in praise of it. During the Tang dynasty, peonies were widely planted in the royal gardens and it was praised as the national flower. Therefore, it was particularly popular. By the 10th century, the ancient city of Luoyang had become the center of peony cultivation and this status remains to this day. Nowadays, thousands of visitors flock to Luoyang to attend the annual Peony Festival where they can admire the unique beauty of peonies and explore the history of the ancient capital of the nine dynasties.