一、认真审题,确定时态人称,同时关注题材格式

时态:故事性文章一般用过去时,其中表达感受时可用现在时。

说明性或议论性文章一般用现在时,举例时可用过去时。

根据题目要求也会出现时态的交错使用,如过去和现在的对比等。

如果句中出现了时间状语,时态则要遵循时间状语。

如ago,last…——过去时;next,in…——将来时等

人称:注意在句子中人称的统一。

例如:Thanks to the teachers, we have improved our English.

其中we和our就是人称的统一。

格式:注意书信格式的开头和结尾。

二、找全信息点,紧扣主题,突出重点

切忌只看表格中或所列1、2、3中的信息点。一定把题读全,找齐信息点,建议用铅笔标出,写完后再涂掉。

根据题目,可适当增加合理内容。

特别注意文章要有开头和结尾。

三、成文时表述正确,文字流畅

切忌与汉语提示的一一对应,使用所学表达方法将语义表达出来即可。

首先考虑句子结构(如主谓宾,主系表等)。

同时注意短语的正确使用和单词的拼写,最好使用课本上学过的短语和句式。

四、文章结构清晰,重点句型出彩,可使文章在得分上提高一个档次

考虑文章的篇章结构,使用适当的连接短语,使文章结构紧凑。

常用连接词:

1.表文章结构顺序:First of all, Firstly/First, Secondly/Second…

And then, Finally, In the end, At last  

2.表并列补充关系的:What is more, Besides, Moreover, Furthermore, In addition

3.表转折对比关系的:However, On the contrary, but

Although+clause(从句), In spite of+n/doing

On one hand… On the other hand…

Some…, while others…

4.表因果关系的:Because, As

So, Thus, Therefore, As a result

5.表换一种方式表达:In other words

6.表进行举例说明:For example,句子;For instance,句子;such as+n/doing

7.表陈述事实:In fact

8.表达自己观点:As far as I know, In my opinion

9.表总结:In short, In a word. In conclusion, In summary

文中正确使用两三个好的句型,如:宾语从句、状语从句、动名词做主语等。

宾语从句举例:I believe Tianjin will be more beautiful and prosperous.

状语从句举例:If everyone does something for the environment, our hometown will become clean and beautiful.

动名词做主语举例:Reading books in the sun is bad for our eyes.

It's bad for our eyes to read books in the sun.

常用状语从句句型:

1)时间:when, not…until, as soon as

2)目的:so that+clause; to do(为了)

3)结果:so…that+clause, too…to do(太……以至于……)

4)条件:if, unless(除非), as long as(只要)

5)让步:though, although, even though, even if

no matter what/when/where/who/which/how

6)比较:as…as…, not so…as…, than

五、认真检查,检查信息点是否全面,时态、人称是否一致,句子结构是否清晰,短语使用、单词拼写是否准确等。

检查后,将草稿誊写在纸上,请注意按结构分段,书写清晰。

下面列举一些在检查中可发现的错误:

1.We live more and more comfortable. 改正:comfortably(副词修饰动词)

2.we can get many informations by reading newspapers.

改正:much information (不可数名词由much修饰)

3.There has many programs in TV.

改正:There are many programs on TV. (There be句型和介词短语)

4.I think ride a bike can keep our health.

改正:I think riding a bike can keep us healthy.(动名词作主语)

建议大家练习或模仿不同题材的文章,特别注意改错总结和吸取范文中好的结构与表达方法,适当运用于自己的文章中。