状语从句指句子用作状语时,起副词作用的句子,可以修饰谓语、非谓语动词、定语、状语或整个句子。可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、目的、结果、让步等从句。

1. 时间状语从句:

常用引导词:when, as, while, as soon as, before, after, since , till, until
特殊引导词:the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day,the instant, immediately , directly, no sooner … than, hardly …when, scarcely … when instantly

eg.I ran into the classroom as soon as the bell rang.


2. 地点状语从句:

常用引导词:where
特殊引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere

eg. Wherever the sea is , you will find seamen.

3. 原因状语从句:

常用引导词:because=in that, since=now that, as, for
特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that

eg. I 'm late because I didn't caught the bus.

4. 目的状语从句:

常用引导词:so that, in order that
特殊引导词: for fear that(唯恐/生怕),in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that

eg. You should book the hotel in advance so that the travel will be more easy.

5.结果状语从句:

常用引导词:so … that, such … that
特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that

eg. He is so young that he can't have meal by himself.

6. 条件状语从句:

常用引导词:if, unless,
特殊引导词:as/so long as(只要), only if, providing/provided that(倘若), supposing that(倘若), in case that(以防), on condition that

eg. You can go to London as long as you have passport.

7.让步状语从句:

常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though
特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while,no matter …, in spite of the fact that, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever, as if=as though

eg. Though we are old, we still can do these by ourselves.

8. 比较状语从句:

常用引导词:as(同级比较), than(不同程度的比较)
特殊引导词:the more … the more … ; just as …, so…,no … more than; not A so much as B

eg. She is as pretty as her mother.

9. 方式状语从句:

常用引导词:as, as if, how
特殊引导词:the way

eg. He didn't so it the way his brother did.