Like a needle climbing up a bathroom scale, the number keeps rising. In 1991, 15% of Americans were obese(肥胖的); by 1999, that proportion had grown to 27%. Youngsters, who should have age and activity on their side, are growing larger as well: 19% of Americans under 17 are obese. Waistbands have been popping in other western countries too, as physical activity has declined and diets have expanded. By and large, people in the rich world seem to have lost the fight against flab(松弛).

  Meanwhile, poorer nations have enjoyed some success in their battles against malnutrition and famine. But, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, it is more a case of being out of the frying pan and into the fire. The most striking example actually in the poor world comes from the Pacific islands, home of the world’s most obese communities. In 1966, 14% of the men on this island were obese while 100% of men under the age of 30 in 1996 were obese.

  This increase in weight has been uneven as well as fast. As a result, undernourished and over-nourished people frequently live cheek by jowl(面颊). The mix can even occur within a single household. A study of families in Indonesia found that nearly 10% contained both the hungry and the fat. This is a mysterious phenomenon, but might have something to do with people of different ages being given different amounts of food to eat.

  The prospect of heading off these problems is bleak. In many affected countries there are cultural factorsto contend with, such as an emphasis on eating large meals together, or on food as a form. of hospitality.Moreover, there is a good measure of disbelief on the part of policymakers that such a problem Could existin their countries. Add to that reluctance on the part of governments to spend resources on promoting dietand exercise while starvation is still a real threat, and the result is a recipe for inaction. Unless something is done soon, it might not be possible to turn the clock back.


  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1.The first sentence of the passage most probably implies that ______.

  A.many Americans are obsessed with the rising temperature in their bathroom

  B.more people are overweighed in the United States

  C.people are doing more physical exercises with the help of scales

  D.youngsters become taller and healthier thanks to more activities

  2.As physical exercise declines and diet expands, ______.

  A.other western countries has been defeated by fat

  B.obesity has become an epidemic(流行病)of the rich world

  C.waistbands begin to be popular in other western countries

  D.western countries can no longer fight against obesity

  3.Which is NOT the point of the example of the Pacific Islands?

  A.The poor community has shaken off poverty and people are well-fed now.

  B.Obesity is becoming a problem in the developing world too.

  C.Excessive weight increase will cause no less harm than the food shortage.

  D.The problem of overweight emerges very fast.

  4.Of tackling obesity in the poor world, we can learn from the passage that____

  A.the matter is so complex as to go beyond our capacity

  B.no matter what we do, the prospect will always be bleak

  C.it is starvation, the real threat, that needs to be solved

  D.we should take immediate actions before it becomes incurable

  5.What is the main idea of this passage?

  A.Obesity is now a global problem that needs tackling.

  B.The weights increase fast throughout the whole world.

  C.Obesity and starvation are two main problems in the poor world.

  D.Obesity has shifted from the rich world to the poor world.


  1.[B] 推理判断题。根据第1段第2句可推断第1句中的the number是指体重增加的人数,故答案为B。

  2.[B] 推理判断题。本题需要正确理解借代修饰手法。Waistbands have been popping形象刻画出其他西方社会急剧肥胖化的过程,故答案为B。本题很明显是考查因果关系的,第1段倒数第2句明确指出这个因果关系,只要根据该句做出选择就可以了。如果看得过远,反而有可能误选A或D。

  3.[A] 事实细节题。此处的例子是证明前一句话的,即But后面的内容。同时,两个年份的比较也突出问题发展的迅猛,从而印证下一段的主题句“This increase in weight has been uneven as well as fast.”说明了贫穷与肥胖是并存的。例子一般是用来证明紧挨着的前面或后面的论述,此处证明的观点在之前,其中的重点应该是But后面的内容,所以选项A与文中意思不符。注意本题要选的是NOT the point of the example。

  4.[D] 观点态度题。文章最后一句扭转了整段的基调。作者呼吁解决这一问题,前文正是为此作铺垫,突出问题的复杂性和时间的紧迫性。

  5.[A] 主旨大意题。本文话题为obesity,作者从美国谈到所有西方国家,最后重点讨论其在发展中国家的最新发展趋势以及种种可能的成因,并强调应当尽早解决问题,故选项A正确。肥胖问题的阵营没有转移,只是扩大了,故选项D不对。选项B只是片面信息,没有包括最后一段关于如何解决肥胖问题的内容。选项C中的starvation并非本文讨论的主要话题。

  It happens to every medical student sooner or later. You get a cough that persists for a while. Ordinarily,you would just ignore it--but now, armed with your rapidly growing medical knowledge, you can’t help worrying. The cough could mean just a cold, but it could also be a sign of lung cancer.

  For doctors in training, nurses and medical journalists, hypochondria is an occupational danger. The feeling usually passes after a while, leaving only a funny story to tell at a dinner party. But for the tens ofthousands who suffer from true hypochondria they live in constant terror that they are dying of some awfuldisease, or even several awful diseases at once. Doctors can assure them that there’s nothing wrong, but since the cough is real, the assurances fall on deaf ears. And because no physician or test can offer a 100% guarantee that one doesn’t have cancer, a hypochondriac always has fuel to feed Iris .or her worst fears.

  Hypochondriacs don’t harm just themselves; they block the whole healthcare system. Although they account for only about 6% of the patients who visit doctors every year, they tend to burden their physicians with frequent visits that take up excessive amounts of time. And the problem may be worse, thanks to the popularity of medical information on the Internet. They go on the Web and learn about new diseases and new presentations of old diseases that they never even knew about before. Doctors have taken to calling this phenomenon cyberchondria (网络疑病症).


  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1.According to the passage, if you suffer from hypochondria, ______.

  A.you must be a medical student, or a medical worker

  B.you are haunted by a possibly inexistent disease

  C.you will never get rid of this disease

  D.you always tell funny stories at dinner parties

  2.Which of the following best summarizes the main idea of the passage?

  A.Hypochondria happens to everybody sooner or later.

  B.We needn’t worry about hypochondria since it is not dangerous at all.

  C.Hypochondria originates from too much knowledge of medicine.

  D.Not only individuals but also the healthcare system might be disturbed by unnecessary terrors.

  3.Why can’t doctors convince the suffers that there is nothing wrong?

  A.Because the doctors can’t cure the minor diseases

  B.Because the doctors don’t assure them of that

  C.Because the sufferers are deaf and cannot hear what the doctors say

  D.Because lack of absolute guarantee makes the patients doubtful

  4.The problem becomes worse due to _____

  A.the increasing number of patients

  B.the widespread medical knowledge on the Internet

  C.the patients,regular visits to doctors that occupy too much time

  D.new diseases and symptoms emerge constantly

  5.What does the author most probably think about hypochondria?

  A.The author considers that hypochondria is an incurable disease

  B.The author thinks that the consequences of hypochondria might be disastrous

  C.The author suggests that the patients who have hypochondria should set their hearts at rest

  D.The author sympathizes with the patients who suffer from hypochondria


  1.[B] 事实细节题。仔细读完第2段后半部分,不难发现hypochondria只是瞎猜疑,故选项B正确。时常怀疑自己生病是医务人员的职业病,但为此困扰的并不仅仅是他们,因为第2段第3句说:“But... who suffer from true hypochondria...”,说明医务人员不是真正的疑病症患者,故选项A不正确。选项C过于极端。选项D是对原文断章取义。

  2.[D] 主旨大意题。第1段以举例方式引入主题,第2段对hypochondria下定义,第3段则论述其对医疗保健体系造成的干扰,选项D正确全面地概括了文章大意,为正确答案。全文的中心词是hypochondria,在四个选项中,干扰项(选项A、B、C)都出现了该词,只有正确选项(选项D)没有直接使用该词。

  3.[D] 事实细节题。根据文中的“because no physician or test can offer a 100% guarantee that one doesn’t have cancer...”即可得出选项D正确。原文虽有表示“咳嗽确实存在”,但这并不意味着医生不能治好类似的小毛病,因此选项A不正确。误选C是没有正确理解短语fall on deaf ears,该固定表达的意思是“充耳不闻”。

  4.[B] 推理判断题。句中thanks to是讽刺的用法,引出原因,故选项B正确。本题考查因果关系,要辨别明显的因果关系,只要关注文中是否有because, reason, due to, thanks to, result等词即可。

  5.[C] 观点态度题。从作者对hypochondria的描述可以看出此病只是源于多疑,并非生理上的不治之症,因此只要病人们放宽心,此病就能痊愈。故选项C正确。选项A的incurable和B的disastrous都太绝对,比较容易排除。而本文基调较为客观,作者没有表露个人情感,故选项D也不正确。