疑问句,顾名思义,就是用来表示疑问的句子,是日常交流中非常常见的句型,也是我们学习英语语法的入门级别句子之一。虽然简单,但也分为几种类型,其中反意疑问句最难掌握,小编这次就为大家带来了反意疑问句的讲解,一起来看看吧!

1.祈使句后一般加上will you或won't you构成反意疑问句,用will you 多表示“请求”,用won't you 多表示提醒对方注意。

eg. Look at the blackboard, will you/won't you?

2. Let引导的祈使句有两种情况:

1)Let's…,后的反意疑问句用shall we或shan't we。

eg. Let's go home, shall we/shan't we?

还可以用may I来表示征求对方的同意或许可。

2)Let us/me…后的反意疑问句用will you或won't you。

eg. Let me have a try, will you/won't you?

2. 感叹句后加反意疑问句时,其反意疑问句需用be的一般现在时态的否定形式。

What a lovely puppy, isn't it?

3.当陈述部分谓语动词是need, dare, used to,且这些词被用作实义动词时,其反意疑问句需用do的适当形式。

eg. He needs help, doesn't he?

4.陈述部分主、谓语是I am…时,反意疑问句用aren't I 或ain't I ,而不是am not I (可用am I not)。

I'm working at that time, ain't I?

5.陈述部分的主语是不定代词one时,反意疑问句的主语可以用one,也可用you(美式英语用he)。

eg. One should be ready to face difficults of life, shouldn't one?

6.当陈述部分含有以下这些含有否定意义的词时:few, little, seldom,hardly, never, not, no, no one, nobody, nothing, none, neither等,其反意疑问句需用肯定结构。

eg. It's hardly to say, isn't it?

7.当陈述部分含I think (believe, suppose…) that… 结构时,其反意疑问句须与从句的主、谓语保持一致,注意主句的主语必须是第一人称。例如:

eg. I don't think he will come, will he?

8.have(has)不是表示“有”的意思,并在句中做谓语时,其反意疑问句的助动词要用do, does, did。

eg. They had a meeting just now,didn't they?

9.陈述部分有have to 时,其反意疑问句要用助动词的否定形式。

eg. You have to go to school every day, don't you?

10.陈述部分是there be句型时,其反意疑问句中要用there。

eg. There was a hospital on this street, wasn't there?

11.当陈述部分含有情态动词must时,有两种情况,① 如果must 作“一定;要;必须”讲,反意疑问句须用mustn't或needn't;② 而当must作推测意义“一定是;必定”讲时,反意疑问句则需根据must后的动词原形选用相应的形式。

eg. She must work hard at literature, mustn't she?

      The kid must go to bed before 10pm,isn't he?

以上就是这次为大家带来的反义疑问句使用的注意点了,希望为大家提供帮助。相信只要能掌握这所有的点,反意疑问句的应用就能信手拈来了。