来源:考研VIP|2017年09月07日 16:27
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Since 1975 advocates of humane treatment of animals have broadened their goals to oppose the use of animals for fur,leather,wool and food.They have moaned protests against all forms of hunting and the trapping of animals in the wild.And they have joined environmentalists in urging protection of natural habitats from commercial or residential development.The occasion for these added emphases was the publication in 1975 of Animal Liberation:A New Ethics for Our Treatment ofAnimals by Peter Singer,formerly a professor ofphUosophy at Oxford University in England.This book gave a new impetus to the animal rights movement.

The post 1 975 animal rights activists are far more vocal than theirpredecessors,and the organizations to which they belong are generally more radical.Many new organizations are formed.The tactics of the activists are designed to catch the attention of the public.Since the mid 1 980s there have been frequent newsreports about animal rights organizations picketing stores that sell furs,harassing hunters in the wild,or breaking into laboratories to free animals.Some of the more extreme organizations advocate the use of assault,armed terrorism,and death threats to make their point.Aside from making isolated attacks on people who wear fur coats or trying to prevent hunters from killing animals,most of the organizations have directed their tactics at institutions.

The results of the protests and other tactics have been mixed.Companies are reducing reliance on animal testing.Medical research has been somewhat curtailed by legal restrictions and the reluctance of younger workers to use animals in research.New tests have been developed to replace the use of animals.Some well—known designers have stopped using fur.

While the general public tends to agree that animals should be treated humanely,most people are unlikely to give up eating meat or wearing goods made from leather and wool. Giving up genuine fur has become less of a problem,since fibers used to makefake fur such as the Japanese invention Kanecaron can look almost identical to real fur.Some of the strongest opposition to the animal rights movement has come from hunters and their organizations.But animal rights activists have succeeded in marshaling public opinion to press for state restrictions on hunting in several parts of the nation.


1.1975 was an important year in the history of animal treatment because

[A]many people began to call for humane treatment of animals that year

[B]a new book was published that broadened the animal rights movement

[C]the environmentalists began to show interest in animal protection

[D]the trapping of animals began to go wild all through the world


2.Some animal rights organizations advocate the use of extreme means in order to

[A]wipe out cruel people

[B]stop using animals in the laboratory

[C]attack hunters in the wild

[D]catch full public attention


3.By saying“the results ofthe protests and other tactics have been mixed”(Line 1,Para.3),the author means

[A]the protest and other tactics have produced desired effects

[B]the protest and other tactics almost amounted to nothing

[C]the protest and other tactics have some influence on the public

[D]the protest and other tactics have proved to be too radical


4.The word“marshaling”(Line 5,Para.4)probably means






5.It seems that the author ofthis article

[B]is in favor ofthe animal rights movement

[C]supports the use of violence in animal protection

[D]hatestheuse offakefurfor clothes


1.B 细节题。由题干关键词1975,animal treatment定位文章第一段,。其中提到:1975年《解放动物:我们对待动物的新伦理》一书的出版成为动物保护运动发展过程中的一个重大事件(The occasion for these added emphases was the publication in 1975 of…)此书的出版大大推动了保 护动物权利运动。结合选项可知B正确。2.D 细节题。由题干信息词advocate和extreme mean定位文章第二段Some of the more extreme organizations advocate…to make theirpoint(有些更为极端的组织提倡……来说服别人赞成他们的观点),而该句正是为了印证上文提到的The tactics ofthe activists are designed to catch the attention ofthe public,即所有这些都是为了引起公众的关注,故正确答案为D.

3.C 推断题。由题干内容定位文章第三段,从文中可知,公司正逐渐减少对动物试验的依赖,利用动物进行医学研究的行为也受到了法律的约束,甚至一些时装设计师也不再用毛皮制作时装。由此可知,动物权利保护者的种种努力取得了一定的效果,故正确答案为C.其余选项A“取得了理想的效果”属于过度推断,B“几乎毫无成效”在文中没有依据,C“被证明过于激进”属于过度推断。 j

4.A 语义题。根据题干定位文章最后一句“但动物权利激进主义者们已经成功地靠 ____ 公众的意愿来迫使国家对若干地区_的打猎实施限制”。由句意可先排除D“愤怒”。根据该段首句提到的“公众开始认同应该人道地对待动物的观点……”,可知公众的观点其实已经改变,也得到一定普及,由此可排除B“普及”和C“改变”,只能选A“引导”。

5. 态度题。作者没有明确表明自己的态度,但文章结尾处提到But animal rights activists have succeeded in marshaling public opinion to…(但动物权利激进主义者们已经成功地靠引导公众意愿来迫使国家对若干地区的打猎实施限制。),清楚地表明了作者持赞同态度。



1.advocate n.提倡者

2.philosophy n.哲学

3.predecessor n.前辈

4.tactics n.策略

5.identical adj.同样的

6.oppose vt.反对



9.reliance n.依赖

10.publication .出版


12.assault n.攻击

13.fake adj.假的






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