Words that are often confused 经常混淆的单词
作者：沪江英语 来源：British Council 2017-08-12 11:29
Some words are often confused by language learners – because they are similar to another word or because they look like a word in your own language but have a different meaning. Here are some words that often cause confusion.
sensible and sensitivesensible与sensitive
sensible means ‘practical’ or ‘having good judgement’
sensitive means ‘easily affected by the things people say or do
sensitive是敏感的• Come on darling, be sensible and put a coat on. It’s freezing outside.
• Don’t be so sensitive - he didn’t say you were fat, it was just a joke.
Sympathetic and nervousSympathetic和nervous
Usually we are sympathetic when someone has a problem or is in trouble.
我们通常对某人遇到麻烦或者有困难的时候表现的 sympathetic（同情的）。• They were very sympathetic when our house was burgled but they couldn’t do much to help.
We don’t use it to mean ‘nice’ or ‘pleasant’
我用它不是指好或者舒服。• My uncle is a very sympathetic man.
We are nervous in a particular situation, like an exam. We don’t generally use nervous to describe someone’s character.
我们经常会在某些特定场合感到nervous，例如考试的时候，我们不用nervous去形容一个人的性格。• I’ve never been as nervous as the time I had to give a speech to 500 people.
• My sister is very nervous. She’s always shouting at me.
journey and traveljourney和travel
Journey is countable. Travel is uncountable and refers to the general idea of travelling.
Journey是可数的，travel是不可数的，它指代的是“travelling（旅行）”的大意。• Did you have a good travel?
• Travel is something I recommend to all young people.
• The journey took about 8 hours.
recipe, receipt and prescriptionrecipe, receipt和prescription
A recipe is a set of instructions for cooking something.
A receipt is a piece of paper you are given after you pay for something.
A prescription is a piece of paper a doctor gives you to get the medicine you need.