何为限定词?
作者:沪江英语编辑:Mandy Yang|2017年08月30日 00:30
  • 双语
  • 中文
  • 英语

限定词,顾名思义,是用来限定名词的一类词。我们知道,名词指代人、物、事、时、地、情感、概念等实体或抽象事物的词,但是在句子中,某一名词是特指,还是类指,是确定数量,还是不确定数量,这些都要靠“限定词”来决定。

因此,限定词是在名词词组中对名词中心词起特指、类指以及表示确定数量和非确定数量等限定作用的词类。

英语的限定词有以下几类:

1.冠词:定冠词、不定冠词、零冠词

The red book is mine.

There is a pen and  an apple on the desk.   

Time is money.

2.物主限定词:my, your, his, her, our, your, their, one's, its. 

My bike is broken.

3.名词属格:John's, my friend's. 

John's brother will go to school next year.

4.指示限定词:this, that, these, those, such

This story is very interesting.

Such novels are worth reading.

5.关系限定词:whose, which

The children whose parents died are not homeless any more.

These questions are all on philosophy, about which subject I know little.

6.疑问限定词:what, which, whose

Whose books are these?

Which restaurant is your favourite?

What films do you like watching?

7.不定限定词:no, some, any, each, every, enough, either, neither, all, both, half, several, many, much, (a) few, (a) little, other, another. 

There are some books on the desk.

Do you have enough money?

8.基数词和序数词倍数词和分数词

There are three pens in my bag.

The first answer is correct.

9.量词:a lot of, lots of, plenty of, a great /good deal of, a large of, a small amount of, a quantity of, a great/ large/ good number of等。

We prepared plenty of food and drinks for the party.

限定词虽然属于“封闭词类”,但种类繁多,使用频繁,我们需要分类记忆,灵活运用。

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