What are the best preserved medieval towns and cities in Europe?
来自生于西班牙的 @Alberto Yagos 的回答：
1. Toledo, Spain
It was the capital of Spain in the Middle Ages, a city where three religions lived and left the best of their heritage.
2. Aigues-Mortes (France)
Just look at it, please:
来自英国人 @Charles Corn 的回答：
England has the advantage of not having any major wars on its soil for several hundred years, so many medieval towns and cities that made it through the Wars of the Roses and English Civil War are still largely intact.
This includes the centres of cities like Oxford:
But for the real medieval experience you should look for the towns and villages of the Cotswolds and Suffolk, which became very prosperous in the medieval period from the wool trade.
As a consequence they built beautiful towns and villages, many of which have remained the same size or shrunk as they became less prosperous, meaning that unlike York or Oxford they don’t have any modern sprawl
Lavenham (this was the 14th most populous town in 1523 - bigger than York!)
来自历史与考古学家 @Érico Caldeira 的回答：
Aside from the excellent suggestions in other answers, I’d like to present Óbidos, Portugal:
This small town is in Portuguese hands since the XII century and hasn’t changed that much since then.
IIRC（注：If I remember correctly）, traditionally, it was part of the Queen’s personal possessions.
Quite an interesting place to visit, particularly in July, when you can see the Medieval Market.
Be sure to taste some ginja as well (a slightly alcoholic beverage).
Also in Portugal, Almeida deserves to be mentioned, close to the Spanish border:
The star fortification was built in the XVII century, so not entirely Medieval, but very beautiful nonetheless.