'Any' and 'some' are used in positive and negative statements as well as in questions. Generally speaking, 'any' is used in questions and for negative statements while 'some' is used in positive statements.
Is there any milk in the fridge?
There aren't any people in the park today.
I have some friends in Chicago.
There are exceptions, however, to this rule. Here's an explanation of how to use 'any' and 'some' correctly.
Read the conversation below:
Barbara: Is there any milk left?
Katherine: Yes, there is some in the bottle on the table.
Barbara: Would you like some milk?
Katherine: No, thank you. I don't think I'll drink any tonight. Could I have some water, please?
Barbara: Sure. There is some in the fridge.
In this example, Barbara asks 'Is there any milk left?' using 'any' because she doesn't know if there is milk or not. Katherine responds with 'some milk' because there is milk in the house. In other words, 'some' indicates that there is milk. The questions 'would you like some' and 'could I have some' refers to something that exists that is offered or requested.
在这个例子中，芭芭拉问道Is there any milk left?（牛奶还有剩的吗？），这句话中使用了any，因为她并不知道到底有没有牛奶。凯瑟琳回答some milk（有一些牛奶），因为家里有牛奶。也就是说，some表明牛奶是有的。疑问句would you like some和could I have some表示需要提供或要求的某物时存在的。
Barbara: Do you know anybody who comes from China?
Katherine: Yes, I think there is someone who is Chinese in my English class.
Barbara: Great, could you ask him some questions for me?
Katherine: No problem. Is there anything special you want me to ask?
Barbara: No, I don't have anything in particular in mind. Maybe you could ask him some questions about life in China. Is that OK?
The same rules apply in this conversation, but are used for words made using 'some' or 'any'. The question 'Do you know anybody' is used because Barbara doesn't know if Katherine knows a person from China. Katherine then uses 'someone' to refer to a person she knows. The negative form of 'anything' is used in the sentence 'I don't have anything' because it is in the negative.
同样的规则也被应用在这个对话中，但都用上了含有some或any的词语。因为芭芭拉不知道凯瑟琳是否认识来自中国的人，所以使用了问句Do you know anybody？凯瑟琳使用someone来指代她认识的某个人。句子I don't have anything中使用了anything的否定形式，因为该句为否定句。
Some / Any Rules
Here are the rules for the use of 'some' and 'any' in positive and negative sentences, as well as in questions. Notice that 'some' and 'any' are used for both countable and uncountable (non count) nouns. Once you have studied the rules, take the follow up quiz to check your understanding.
Use 'some' in positive sentences. We use 'some' with both countable and uncountable nouns.
I have some friends.
She wants some ice cream.
Use 'any' in negative sentences or questions. We use any for both countable and uncountable nouns.
Do you have any cheese?
Did you eat any grapes after dinner?
He doesn't have any friends in Chicago.
I don't wont any trouble.
We use 'some' in questions when offering or requesting something that is there.
Would you like some bread? (offer)
Could I have some water? (request)
Words with Some
Words such as 'somebody', 'something', 'somewhere' which include 'some' follow the same rules. Use 'some' words - somebody, someone, somewhere and something - in positive sentences.
类似于somebody 、something 、somewhere等含有some的词语也遵循相同的规则。含有some的词语——somebody、someone、somewhere和something一般用于肯定句。
He lives somewhere near here.
He needs something to eat.
Peter wants to speak to someone at the store.
Words with Any
Words with 'any' such as: 'anybody', 'anyone', 'anywhere' and 'anything' follow the same rule and are used in negative sentences or questions.
Do you know anything about that boy?
Have you spoken to anyone about the problem?
She doesn't have anywhere to go.
They didn't say anything to me.
1. Would you like _______ to eat?
2. I have _______ money in my wallet.
3. Is there _______ juice in the fridge?
4. He can't think of _______ to do.
5. I'd like to go _______ hot for my vacation.
6. Is there _______ who plays tennis in your class?
7. I'm afraid I don't have ______ answers to life's problems.
8. Could I have _______ Coke?
1. something (offer)
6. anyone / anybody
8. some (request)