Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Every year 100 million holiday—makers are drawn to the Mediterranean. With onethird of the world's tourist trade, it is the most popular of all the holiday destinations; it is also the most polluted. It has only 1 per cent of the world's sea surface, but carries more than half the oil and tar floating on the waters. Thousands of factories pour their poison into the Mediterranean, and almost every city, town and village on the coast sends its sewage, untreated, into the sea.
The result is that the Mediterranean, which nurtured so many civilizations, is gravely ill—the first of the seas to fall victim to the abilities and attitudes that evolved around it. And the pollution does not merely keep back life of the sea—it threatens the people who inhabit and visit its shores. The mournful form of disease is caused by sewage. Eightyfive per cent of the waste from the Mediterranean's 120 coastal cities is pushed out in to the waters where their people and visitors bathe and fish. What is more, most cities just drop it in straight off the beach; rare indeed are the places like Cannes and Tel Aviv which pipe it even half a mile offshore.
Not surprisingly, vast areas of the shallows are awash with bacteria and it doesn't take long for these to reach people. Professor William Brumfitt of the Royal Free Hospital once calculated that anyone who goes for a swim in the Mediterranean has a one in seven chance of getting some sort of disease. Other scientists say this is an overestimate; but almost all of them agree that bathers are at risk. Industry adds its own poisons. Factories cluster round the coastline, and even the most modern rarely has proper wastetreatment plant. They do as much damage to the sea as sewage.But the good news is that the countries of the Mediterranean have been coming together to work out how to save their common sea.
21. The causes of the Mediterranean's pollution is ____.
A) the oil and tar floating on the water
B) many factories put their poison into the sea
C) untreated sewage from the factories and coastal cities
D) there are some sorts of diseases in the sea
22. Which of following consequence of a polluted sea is not true according to the passage?
A) Bring up so many civilizations.
B) Various diseases in the sea.
C) It threatens the inhabitants and travelers.
D) One in seven chance of getting some sort of disease swimming in the sea.
23. The word “sewage”refer to ____.
A) poison B) waste C) liquid material D) solid material
24. Why does industry do much damage to the sea?
A) Because most factories have proper wastetreatment plants.
B) Because many factories have not proper wastetreatment plants even the most modern one.
C) Because just the modern factory has a waste treatment plant.
D) Because neither ordinary factories nor most modern ones have p roper wastetreatment plants.
25. What is the passage mainly about?
A) Save the world.
B) How the people live in the Mediterranean sea.
C) How the industry dangers the sea.
D) Beware the dirty sea.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
THE CLASSROOM is a man's world, where boys get twothirds of the teachers' attention — even when they are in a minority— taunt (辱骂) the girls without punishment, and receive praise for sloppy work that would not be tolerated from girls. They are accustomed to being teachers' pets, and if girls get anything like equal treatment, they will protest eagerly and even wreck lessons.
These claims are made in a book out this week, written by Dale Spender, a lecturer at the London University Institute of Education. She argues that discrimination against girls is so deeply in coeducational schools that single sex classes are the only answer. Her case is based on taperecordings of her own and other teachers' lessons. Many of them, like Spender, had deliberately set out to give girls a fair chance. “Sometimes,” says Spender, “I have even thought I have gone too far and have spent more time with the girls than the boys.”
The tapes proved otherwise. In 10 taped lessons (in secondary school and college), Spender never gave the girls more than 42 per cent of her attention (the average was 38 percent) and never gave the boys less than 58 percent. There were similar results for other teachers, both male and female. In other words, when teachers give girls more than a third of their time, they feel that they are cheating the boys of their rightful share. And so do the boys themselves. “She always asks the girls all the questions,” said one boy in a classroom where 34 per cent of the teachers' time was allocate d to girls. “She doesn't like boys, and just listens to the girls.” said a boy in another class, where his sex got 63 per cent of teacher attention. Boys regarded twothirds of the teacher's time as a fair deal — and when they got less they caused trouble in class and even complained to higher authority. “It's important to keep their attention,” said one teacher, “Otherwise, they play you up something awful.” Spender concludes that, in mixed classes, if the girls are as boisterous and pushy as the boys, they are considered “unladylike”, if they are docile and quiet, they are ignored.
26. If boys are better treated in class, ____ would be better.
A) singlesex classes and coeducational classes B) coeducational classes C) singlesex classes D) None of the above
27. Dale Spender obtained the evidence for her claims by ____ .
A) her own lessons in secondary school and college
B) the other teachers' taperecordings
C) both male and female teachers
D) taperecordings of her own and other teachers' lessons
28. What are the boy's reactions when girls are given more attention?
A) They will keep the teachers' attention again.
B) They will make some trouble and complain to the headmaster.
C) They will play up the teacher something awful.
D) They will feel they are cheated by teachers.
29. The word “boisterous” in the last paragraph probably means ____.
A) rough B) brave C)troublesome D) emotional
30. The best title for this passage would be ____.
A) boys are teachers' pets
B) boys do better in coeducational classes
C) singlesex classes are better than coeduationed classes
D) girls do better than boys
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Gestures aren't the only area in which the unwary traveler can get tripped up. Foreign cultures adhere to different business customs and behavior. For example: Caffeine junkies should restrain themselves in the Middle East.“Three cups of tea or coffee is usually the polite limit in offices and during social calls,” counsels “Travel Pak, ” a free publication of Alia, the Royal Jordanian Airline. “But if your host keeps going, you also may continue sipping. If you've had your fill, give your empty cup a quick twist a sort of wiggle—as you hand it back. That means “No more, thank you.”
Middle East visitors also should not be surprised “if others barge right into the office in the middle of your conversation with the person you are seeing,” notes “Travel Pak.” An old Arab custom calls for keeping an “open office.”The British, however, consider it impolite to interrupt a visitor, even after all business has been transacted. The commercial caller is expected to be sensitive to this point, know when to stop, and initiate his or her own departure.In Japan certain guests at evening business gatherings will leave early. They should be allowed to leave without effusive goodbyes. The Japanese consider formal departures to be disruptive in such cases and disturbing to remaining guests. In Scandinavia and Finland business guests may be asked to shed their clothes and join their hosts in a sauna. The invitation is a sign that a good working relationship has been established.
In the Arab world, the word “no” must be mentioned three times before it is accepted. In contrast, it is considered good business manners to make many and long efforts to pick up the check. In the People's Republic of China, gift giving is considered an insult, says Patrick J. Lewis, President of Club Universe, a Los Angeles tour operator. “If you want to give someone a gift, make sure it's modest in value. This will not be considered offensive, but it may be declined, ” The Chinese manner of expressing friendship and welcome is to clap. Lewis adds. “Youmay be greeted with clapping when entering a factory, hospital, commune, or school. Politeness dictates that you respond with applause, even though it may seem like you're clapping for yourself.”
31. In the Middle East, it is considered ____.
A) impolite to drink at least 3 cups of coffee
B) impolite to drink more than 3 cups of coffee unless your host drinks more
C) polite to ask the host to give you as more as he can
D) polite to leave a party as early as you want
32. In Japan, the guest at an evening party will ____.
A) leave early without saying goodbye
B) stay as long as he can
C) stay to have a swimming with the host
D) present their business cards immediately
33. In Finland, business guests may ____.
A) take flowers to the host
B) send an expensive gift to the host
C) have a swimming or sauna with the host
D) present a business card
34. In China, a gift to the host means ____.
A) attemption to praise the host
B) a modest manner
C) a respondence of applause
D) offended action to the host's dignity
35. Which of the following statement is NOT true according to the passage?
A) Uninvited visitors are welcome in Middle Eastern office. B) In Britain, business visitors can stay as long as they like.
C) In China, people may greet a foreigner's entering a school with clapping. D) In the Arab world, saying “No” for 3 times until it is accepted.
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
W hat is the importance of the AfroAmerican history to all Americans? How could AfroAmericans contribute anything to American history when they were just slaves and servants? This is the image which many of us are taught when we go to school. This is the image many AfroAmericans have of themselves also. The AfroAmericans need to remake their real historical image so that it is known and accepted in its truthfulness by themselves and the rest of the world. Men and women of darker color are human beings entitled to respect and acceptance in history. When we think of famous scientists and inventors we immediately think of men such as Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison and Jonas E.Salk. This is because we associate famous people with the AngloSaxon race. But what about the AfroAmerican inventors and scientists? How many men during World War Ⅰ owe their lives to Garrett Morgan who invented the gas mask? Garrett Morgan also invented the traffic light which saves numerous lives on our streets. Daniel Hale Williams was the first successful heart surgeon. Charles Drew saved hundreds of thousands of lives during World War II by his discovery of the ways and means of preserving blood plasma. Percy Julian has helped millions suffering from the excruciating pain of arthritis. These men and others should be as easily recognized as Bell, Edison and Salk.
America is made up of many different blends of cultures. These many cultures have come to enrich and diversify the American way of life. We should not think, because history has neglected to include the background of a particular culture, that these people have an inferior history. We should search for the truth and set the record straight against the slanders, the stereotyping and false images which have identified these people. We should understand each of the cultures and learn of their specific contribution to America's life story.
Only after we are taught the complete and accurate history of our great country and learn that the blending of cultures and backgrounds gives us ourstrength, can we go forward on the path to peace.
36. The function of the first paragraph is to ____.
A) present the main idea or the summary of the essay
B) present an introduction to the topic
C) provide background to the main theme
D) present many cultures have contributed to American history
37. Which of the following statements is true?
A) Graham Bell, T.Edison and J.E.Salk are not very important people.
B) Black people who contribute to society should have equal recognition with their white colleagues.
C) We should not associate famous people with the AngloSaxon race only.
D) G.Morgan, D.H.Williams and Charles Drew were not AfroAmericans.
38. Paragraph three tells us that ____.
A) we should oppose slander and stereotyping
B) the American way of life is richer because it is made up of many cultures
C) some cultures have been completely neglected
D) AfroAmericans have an inferior history
39. The word “image” refers to ____.
A) picture B) portray C) impression D) similar
40. The main idea of the passage is ____.
A) There are many AfroAmericans who are famous as scientists and inventors
B) Many AfroAmericans have devoted to American history
C) AfroAmerican experience to American history
D) AfroAmerican history must be recognized as an important part of American history
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41. Hardly had the minister finished his statement ____ several reporters raised their hands and put forward a string of questions.
A) when B) as C) then D) than
42. The impact of this wellknown book might not have been so far reaching ____ for Mr.William, who dared to publish it.
A) if had it not beenB) had it not been C) is it not being D) its only having been
43. There were a lot ____ criticisms in the paper than expected.
A) of B) more C) of more D) much more
44. You shouldn't ____ that last week and you should do it next week.
A) have done B) do C) be doing D) have to do
45. Your father likes to play golf; he's really enthusiastic ____it.
A) by B) about C) with D) on
46. They have been waiting for many hours to see the singer, but the airplane must have been ____.
A) off time B) on time C) ahead of schedule D) behind schedule
47. He insisted that we all ____ in his office at one o'clock.
A) be B) to be C) would be D) shall be
48. I have not found my book yet. I'm not sure ____ I could have done with it.
A) whether B) what C) why D) where
49. I left very early last night, but I wish I ____ so early.
A) didn't leave B) hadn't left C) haven't left D) couldn't leave
50. I'd get it for you ____ I could remember who last borrowed it.
A) except thatB) on condition that C) if only D) considering whether
51. I did not call to make my airline reservation, but I ____.
A) should have B) may have C) must have D) shall have
52. He is sure that there was a flying saucer over there. If he hadn't seen it himself, he ____ it.
A) never have believed B) never did believe C) could never believeD) would never have believed
53. I guess Jones didn't have a chance to win the election. ____ the people in the city voted for his opponent.
A) Most all of B) Most of all C) Almost all of D) Almost the whole of
54. The cottage will be cold. Make sure ____ the heater.
A) you light B) for lighting C) lighting D) you'll light
55. There are times when the ____ on the road to success prevent our reaching our goals.
A) barriers B) blocks C) boundaries D) accidents
56. Persons of all ages are ____ to enjoy the country's medical care.
A) asked B) entitled C) willing D) required
57. The Indian guide ____ the danger ahead on the muddy, wet road.
A) ignored B) heard about C) warned D) foresaw
58. At the gathering, he talked ____ about the matter, dampening everyones spirits.
A) in detail B) with ease C) on end D) in a confusing way
59. His ____ and experience make him an excellent person for this job.
A) complacency B) compensation C) cooperation D) capability
60. During the strike, the electricity was cut off for hours, so we had to ____ candles for lighting.
A) manage with B) turn on C) carry out D) keep to
61. Susan must ____ quite well on the exam since she seems so confident of passing.
A) do B) have been doing C) be done D) have done
62. “How many from your class went abroad?” “ ____ but one”.
A) Any B) Some C) All D) Most
63. I wish Bill would drive us to the train station but he has ____ to take us all.
A) very small a car B) too small a car C) a too small car D) such a small car
64. Astronomers were glad to know that their ____ about the moon were correct.
A) suppositions B) descriptions C) philosophy D) summarization
65. Lucille has been feeling ____ recently.
A) under the weatherB) in the weather C) cold D) isolated
66. Unwise judgment and bad management caused the small company to ____.
A) set another record B) reduce its production C) go broke D) go down
67. Each day in summer, teenagers go to the beach, hoping to ____ a beautiful tan.
A) lose B) help C) bathe D) acquire
68. Heating ____ into the students' dormitories now.
A) is putting B) is being put C) is been put D) has been putting
69. We know that Mr.Smith has an extremely tight schedule, but we believe he should have ____ time at least for his supporters.
A) a little B) one C) little D) a
70. All the members are participating in the scheme ____ a few small firms.
A) except B) besides C) except for D) in addition to
Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes) Directions:There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A),B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Each human being is born as something new,__ (71)__ that never existed before. He is born with__ (72)__ he needs to win at life. Each person in his own__ (73)__ can see,hear,touch,taste, and think__(74)__ himself. Each has his own unique __(75)__ — his capabilities and limitations.__ (76)__ can be a significant,__ (77)__, aware, and creatively __(78)__ person in his own right — a winner.
The words “winner” and “loser” have many meanings. When we refer __(79)__ a person as a winner, we do not mean one__ (80)__ beats the other guy__ (81)__ winning over him and __(82)__ him lose. To us, a winner is one who responds authentically by being __ (83)__ , trustworthy, responsive, and genuine,__ (84)__ as an individual and as a member of__ (85)__.
A loser is one who fails to respond authentically. Martin Buber __(86) __this idea as he retells an old story of a rabbi who on his __(87)__ bed sees himself as a loser. The rabbi laments that, in the world to come, he will not be asked why he wasn't Moses; he will be asked why he wasn't __(88)__. Few people are one hundred percent winners or one hundred percent losers. It's a__ (89)__ of degree. However, once a person is on the road to being a winner, his chances are greater for becoming even more __(90)__. This book is intended to facilitate the journey.
71. A) everything B) anything C) something D) thing
72. A) that B) what C) which D) how
73. A) way B) case C) method D) appetite
74. A) of B) to C) for D) about
75. A) possibilities B) abilities C) potentials D) energy
76. A) One B) All C) Every D) Each
77. A) thinking B) think C) thought D) have thought
78. A) produce B) productive C) product D) productivity
79. A) as B) to C) for D) on
80. A) what B) those C) which D) who
81. A) with B) for C) on D) by
82. A) making B) let C) letting D) make
83. A) credit B) believing C) credible D) believed
84. A) all B) both C) which D) each
85. A) society B) group C) community D) party
86. A) takes B) tells C) speaks D) expresses
87. A) die B) death C) dying D) died
88. A) his B) him C) himself D) self
89. A) matter B) case C) thing D) something
90. A) than B) much C) then D) so
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic, “The Way to Success” based on the following outlines. Your composition should be no less than 100 words.