【练习】

1. _________ such a chance, why don't you have a try

A. To give    B. Having    C. Given    D. Giving

答案: C

解析: Given过去分词作状语,表示原因,相当于since you are given。

2. And there, almost_______in the big chair, sat her little brother, who never had to be told to keep quiet.

A.having lost    B.losing    C.to be lost    D.lost

答案:D

 解析:be lost in是固定短语,意为"陷入……之中"。变为分词短语作状语时,仍用过去分词lost。

3.It was_______computer games that cost the boy a lot of time that he ought to have spent on his lessons.

A.to have played    B.playing    C.played    D.having played

答案:B

解析: 本题为强调句型,被强调的部分是句子的主语,所以采用-ing形式。

4.With his son_______, the old man felt unhappy.

A.to be disappointed     B.disappointing

C.being disappointed      D.to disappoint

答案: B

解析:with复合结构在句中作状语,表示原因,意为"由于儿子很是令人失望。"

5.We discussed the plan that we would like to see ________ thenext week.

A. carry on    B. carrying out     C. carried out    D. to carry out

答案:C

解析:that 引导定语从句修饰plan.carried out 过去分词短语在定语从句中作宾语补足语。

6. When she was alone at home, Mary needed a friend with whom _____(play) with. (填空练习)

答案: to play

解析:with whom to play为“介词+关系代词+不定式”结构在句中作定语,其相当于一个定语从句(with whom she could play)。

【小知识】非谓语动词-动词-ing形式作状语的基本用法

①时间状语:Seeing Tom, I couldn’t help thinking of his brother. 分词在句中作时间状语时,其前一般可加when或while,如:When crossing street, you must be careful.

②原因状语:Being ill, he didn’t go to school yesterday.

③方式或伴随状语:Mary stood at the school gate waiting for Betty.