1. _________ such a chance, why don't you have a tryA. To give B. Having C. Given D. Giving
解析： Given过去分词作状语，表示原因，相当于since you are given。
2. And there, almost_______in the big chair, sat her little brother, who never had to be told to keep quiet.
A.having lost B.losing C.to be lost D.lost
解析：be lost in是固定短语，意为"陷入……之中"。变为分词短语作状语时，仍用过去分词lost。
3.It was_______computer games that cost the boy a lot of time that he ought to have spent on his lessons.
A.to have played B.playing C.played D.having played
4.With his son_______, the old man felt unhappy.
A.to be disappointed B.disappointing
C.being disappointed D.to disappoint
5.We discussed the plan that we would like to see ________ thenext week.
A. carry on B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out
解析：that 引导定语从句修饰plan.carried out 过去分词短语在定语从句中作宾语补足语。
6. When she was alone at home, Mary needed a friend with whom _____(play) with. （填空练习）
答案： to play
解析：with whom to play为“介词+关系代词+不定式”结构在句中作定语,其相当于一个定语从句(with whom she could play)。
①时间状语：Seeing Tom, I couldn’t help thinking of his brother. 分词在句中作时间状语时，其前一般可加when或while，如：When crossing street, you must be careful.
②原因状语：Being ill, he didn’t go to school yesterday.
③方式或伴随状语：Mary stood at the school gate waiting for Betty.