【练习】

1. A doctor can expect___at any hour of the day or night.

A.calling   B.to call   C.being called   D.to be called

答案: D

解析: expect后面接不定式。由题意可知,doctor与call之间是被动关系。

2. — Is Tom a good talker?

  — No, he never speaks to me other than _____(ask) for something?

答案: asked

 解析: other than asked for something相当于unless he is asked for something。

3. Nearly every great building in Beijing was built___ south.

A.to face   B.facing   C.to have faced   D.being facing

答案:B。

解析:现在分词在句中表示状态。

4. _______ it with me and I'll see what I can do.

A. When left    B. Leaving    C. If you leave    D. Leave

答案: D

解析: 祈使句+ and+ 陈述句是1个固定句型,在这个句型当中,前面的祈使句表示1个肯定的条件。

5. I was afraid____(talk) back to my customers because I was afraid of___(lose) them. (填空练习)

答案: to talk; losing。

解析:be afraid to do作“不敢……”解(侧重指不敢作出的一种行为);be afraid of doing 作“担心……”解(侧重强调害怕产生某种后果)。

6.What Yang Liwei wanted to do when he got out of the spaceship was _____(share) the joy with all the Chinese.  (填空练习)

答案:share 

解析:what引导的名词性从句作主语且从句中含有实义动词do时,用作表语的不定式可不带to。

【小知识】非谓语动词-动词-ing形式的基本用法

(1)作定语:-ing形式作定语用时,如果-ing只是一个单词,就位于其修饰的名词之前,如果是-ing短语,就位于其修饰的名词之后,-ing作定语时,被-ing所修饰的名词就是该-ing的逻辑主语。

另外,-ing作定语用时,其动作和句子谓语动词所表示的动作是同时进行的,如果不是同时进行的,就不能用-ing作定语,要使用定语从句,如:The girl who wrote a letter there yesterday can speak English very well.

(2)作宾语补足语:当-ing在复合宾语中作宾语补足语用时,句中宾语就是这个-ing的逻辑主语,可以带有这种复合宾语的动词有see, watch, hear, observe, feel, find, have, keep等。